The al-ism al-a`zam, Mightiiest Name of God in select Islamic Tafsir Literatures. .

The al-ism al-a`zam, Mightiest Name of God in select  Sunni and Shi`i Islamic Tafsir Literatures.

 

 

 

al-Ṭabarī , Abū Ja`far Muhammad ibn Jarīr (d.XXX /923)

  • Jāmi' al-bayān fī  ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 15 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Fikr, 1408/1988. *
  • Jāmi' al-bayān fī  ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 12 vols. Beirut:  Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmīyah, 1992. *
  • Jāmi‘ al-bayān ‘an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, Beirut:Lebanon, 14XX/2001.
  • The commentary on the Qurān by Abū Ja‘far Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī; being an abridged translation of Jāmi‘ al-bayān ‘an tawīl āy al-Qurān, with an introduction and notes by J. Cooper ; general editors, W. F. Madelung, A. Jones. London ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1987.

A very important Shī`ī tafsīr work, the Majma` al‑bayān li‑`ulūm al‑Qur’ān (The Compilation of the Explanation of the Sciences of the Qur’ān) of the Shī`ī theologian Abū `Alī al‑Ṭabarsī (d. c. 548/1153) has been called a Shī`ī  "encyclopedia of  Qur’ānic sciences" (O.A. Abdul, 1977:78). Here al‑Ṭabarsī presents in Arabic characters a Hebrew transliteration of the biblical etymology of the tetragrammation (יְהוָה = Y‑H‑W‑H, Yahweh), אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה, (= `ehye `āsher `ehye,  Exod. 3:14a) loosely meaning "I am that I am" (RSV). He considered it one of the forms of the al‑ism al‑a`ẓam  (Mightiest Name [of God]), said in Arabic to be yā ḥayy yā qayyūm   يا حي  يا  قيوم  (O Living One! O Self‑Subsisting!) (Ṭabarsī, Majma`   XIX:226).

We may note here that in one of his many  alwāḥ   to  oriental Jews, Baha'-Allah  reflected such sources  as the above when he used the Arabic transliteration  XXXXX  for   אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה,  and transliterated the (unvoweled) tetragrammaton يهوه  (= Y‑H‑W‑H) (See, Ma’ida-yi Asmani IV:40; Lambden, 1983:22ff; 1988:66f,155f).

 

 

al-Rāzī, Muhammad ibn `Umar, Abū  al-Su`ud Muhammad ibn, Muhammad Fakhr al-Dīn (d. 606/1209 ).

G. C. Anawati, 'Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī' EI2 vol. 2:751-5

  تفسير مفاتيح الغيب ، التفسير الكبير  

  • Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb al-mushtahir bi'l-Tafsīr al-kabīr,  ?  vols. Cairo, 1286/1869.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr... 8 vols. Bulaq: xxxxx., 1279-1289/ 1862-1872.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabir (The Extensive Commentary), (3rd printing) Beirut:  Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi, 32 vols in 16. n.d. *
  • Tafsīr-i kabir-i Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb, Persian trans.  `Ali  Asghar Ḥalabi,  Tehran : Intishārāt-i Aṣāṭīr , 1371/XXX. / vol. 4 1378/ 1999. only*
  • أحكام البسملة وما يتعلق بها من الأحكام والمعاني وإختلاف العلماء
  • Aḥkām al-basmalah wa-mā yataʻallaqu bi-hā min al-aḥkām wa-al-maʻānī wa-ikhtilāf al-ʻulamāʼ . Būlāq, Cairo : Maktabat al-Qurʼān, 1988.
  • Sharh asma' Allah al-husná lil-Razi : wa-huwa al-kitab al-musammá lawami al-bayyinat sharh asma' Allah Ta`alá wa'al-sifat. ed. Sa`d, Taha `Abd al-Ra`uf, Cairo: Maktabat al-Kulliyyat al-Azhariyya, 1396/ ADD. 396pp.
  • Lawāmi` al-bayinnāt fī asmā' Allāh wa'l-ṣifāt
  • Lawāmi` al-bayinnāt fī asmā' Allāh wa'l-ṣifāt (The Perspicuous Brilliances regarding the Names of God and the Attributes"). This work contains a section on the ism Allāh al-a`ẓam.