The المامقاني al-Māmaqānī Dynasty ...

The Shaykhis of Ādhirbayjān ... Tabriz , etc


Stephen Lambden UC Merced.

In progress - Last updated 13-02-2016.

Shaykh Ḥasan ibn `Alī  [of قراچه‌داغى = Qarāj[ch]a-Dāghī] al- Tabrīzi (d.1266/1849).

حسن گوهر القراچه‌داغى

Mullā Ḥasan Gawhar [Jawhar] (d. 1266/1849 CE) is actually Shaykh Ḥasan ibn `Alī al-Tabrizi of the village of Qarāja Dāghī near Tabriz, hence he has the designations al-Qarāja  al-Dāghī / al-Tabrīzī. He had studied in Najaf with some of the leading `ulama of the time including Shaykh Musa ibn Shaykh Ja`far Najafi and is credited with a wide and impressive range of learning. He eventually became a leading Shaykhī  with an ijāza ("certificate of competency") from Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i (d. 1826 CE). Among his writings covering aspects of Tafsir, Hadith, Usul al-fiqh,  Shaykhi apologetics and more besides, the following largely Arabic (and a few Persian) works  may be listed. Several of them have been printed in the 19th-21st centuries, including:

  • (1) Ajwaba Masā'il in response of various questions written at the direction of Shaykh Ahmad. 
  • (2) al-Makhāzin = Makhāzin jawāhir asrar al-tanzil ("The Treasuries of the jewels of the mysteries of the revelation") incorporating the ḥikma ("Wisdom") of the `People of the House of Prophethood and of the Sent Messengers' (ahl al-bayt al-nubuwwa wa'l-risāla) or about al-mabdā' (the genesis-origin) and al-mithāl (the images-similitudes).  Printed with (3) below in the compilation al-Barāhīn al-sāṭa`a fī al-ḥikma (see below). 
  • (3) al-Lama`āt anwār al-hidaya wa'l-rashad ("The Brilliances of the Lights of Guidance and the Right Course") about al-mabdā' (the genesis-origin) and al-ma`ād (the eschatological return).  Concluded in 1239/1823. A mss. exists in the Library of Shaykh Muhammad Rida' Faraj-Allah in Najaf written by  Sayyid Kazim ibn Mustafa Ha`iri at the command of his teacher Mirza Muhammad Ibrahim Ha'iri in 1294/1877. Printed in Tabriz in 1351/1932  (see below).
  • (2+3) al-Barāhīn al-sāṭa`a fī al-ḥikma  ("The Illuminating Proofs regarding Hikma [Wisdom]"). This was printed in Karbala and Tabriz in 1351/1932 and incorporates a combined reprinting of items (2) and (3) above. A extended version of this compilation was apparently also printed in Karbala in 1385/1966. See Taliqani, al-Shaykhiyya, 185. 
  • (4)  A poetical Dīwān.
  • (5) Risāla fī ta`wīl āyāt al-nahl ("A Treatise in the inner sense [s] of the [qur'anic] verse of the Bee"), probably in exposition of Qur'an 16:68. The Bab also titled and `rewrote' as sura of his Qayyum al-asma' (QA. 93 or 4) after this qur'anic sura.
  • (6) Risāla fī'l-Salat ("Treatise on the Obligatory Prayer").
  • (7) Risāla fī'l-Sawm ("Treatise on Fasting").
  • (8) Risāla fī'l-ma`na qawl al-nabī, `ulamā' ummatī afḍal min anbiyā' bani Isra'il ("The `ulama' (divines, clerics) of my community (ummatī) are more favoured (afḍal) than the prophets (anbiyā') of the children of Israel (bani Isra'il)").
  • (9) Risāla fī'l-ithbat ḍilālat al-Hajji [Mirza Muhammad] Karim Khan Kirmani ("Treatise in Establishment of the Erroneous Position of Hajji Karim Khan Kirmani) In manuscript. 
  • (10) Risāla `ilmiyya  fī'l-`ibadāt ("Learned Treatise on the modes of servitude"). In Arabic.
  • (11)  Risāla `ilmiyya  fī'l-`ibadāt ("Learned Treatise on the modes of servitude"). In Persian.

 

 

 

 

  • (12) Sharh ḥayāt al-arwāḥ ("Commentary on the Life of the Spirits") on the fundamentals of Shi`i doctrine incorporating a refutation of Shaykh Muhammad Ja`far al-Astarabadi who had written in refutation of [Shaykh Ahmad] al-Ahsa'i Printed in 260 pp. in Tabriz in 1376/1956. Recently reprinted as a massive volume (see above) at the behest of `Abd al-Rasūl al-Iḥqāqī in a 2nd edition/ printing, Dawlat al-Kuwait : (`Abd al-Rasūl al-Iḥqāqī) Jāmi` al-Imam al-Sādiq, 1423/2002. 881pp. + Index pp. 883-4. This volume by the Adhirbayjani born anti-Babi Shaykhi with the laqab Jawhar or Gawhar deals with the centrally important Shi`i doctrines : Sect. 1 On Tawḥīd (the Divine Unity) pp.27-112 in 5 sub-sections; Sect.2 on `Adl (the Divine Justice) pp.115 -208 in 24 subsections; Sect. 3 on Nubuwwa (Prophethood ) pp. 213-302 in 5 (+1) subsections; Sect. 4 on the Imāma (the Imamate), pp.351-678 with 5 sub-sections; Sect. 5 On al-Ma`ad al-jismānī (On the [Eschatological] Bodily Return pp. 679-880 in 5 subsections).
  • PDf.
  • (13) Mukhtasar Sharh ḥayāt al-arwāḥ ("Synopsis-Abbreviated Version of the Commentary on the Life of the Spirits", see (12) above). Ḥasan Gawhar al-Qarāchahʹdāghī. ed. Aḥmad ʻAbd al-Wahāb al-Būshafīʻ al-Aḥsāʻī. 239pp.
  • (14) Sharh Khuṭba al-Imam al-Riḍā'  fi'l-tawḥid ("Commentary on the Sermon of [eighth] Imam [`Ali] al-Rida' on the Divine Unity") found in the `Uyun al-akhbar of Shaykh al-Saduq or Ibn Babuwayh al-Qumi. A manuscript of this work exists in the general al-Ha`iri Library in Karbala (Iraq) (refer al-Taliqani, al-Shaykiyya, 185).
  • (15)   (16) ...

For some biographical and bibliographical notes see Sayyid Muhammad Hasan Taliqani, al-Shaykhiyya... (Beirut 1420/1999), pp.183-6 and the `Abd al-Rasūl al-Iḥqāqī introduction to the 2nd 2002 Kuwayti edition  of Sharh ḥayāt al-arwāḥ (pp. 3-10). 

المامقاني : al-Māmaqānī [Hujjat al-Islam]

 Mulla [Shaykh] Muhammad ibn Ḥusayn ibn  Zayn al-Ābidīn ibn `Alī ibn Ibrāhīm Hujjat al-Islam al-Māmaqānī (d.1269/1852). His three sons will be listed immediately below (see [1]-[2] and [3]) in order of their date of death.

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[1] Māmaqānī , Mīrzā/Mulla Muhammad Ḥusayn [Ḥujjat al-Islam], (d. 1303/1885).

علم المحجة 

  • ʻAlam al-maḥajjah. ed. Aḥmad ʻAbd al-Wahhāb Būshafīʻ Beirut: Lajnat Iḥyāʼ Turāth Madrasat al-Shaykh al-Awḥad, 2000. 357pp.

Mīrzā Abu'l-Qāsim, ujjat al-Islam, Māmaqānī (d. 1362/1943), son of the above Muhammad usayn [1].

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[2] Shaykh  Muḥammad Taqī ibn Muhammad, Nayyir Mamqānī, Ḥujjat al-Islam (b. Tabriz 1248/1832 - d.  11th Ramadan 1312/ 8th March 1895) = Muḥammad Taqī Ḥujjat al-Islām al-Tabrīzī al-Māmaqānī = al-Mīrzā Muḥammad Taqī al-Tabrīzī al-Mamqānī entitled Ḥujjat al-Islām with the poetical mutakhalliṣ of al-Nayyir ("The Luminous"). He was a noted poet and eminent Shi`i cleric, hence his title Hujjat al-Islam (The Prooof of Islam).  See further Bamdad, Rijal 3:325.

آتشگدۀ حجة الاسلام

  • Ātishgadah...  Tabrīz : Maṭbaʻah-i ʻAlī Aṣghar, 1315/1897.
  • Ātishgadah-ʼi Ḥujjat al-Islām. Tabrīz : Chāpkhānah-ʼi Ridāʼī, [194-?]. 276 pp. Persian poetical compositions. So W-Cat.
  • Ātishgadah-ʼi Ḥujjat al-Islām. Tehran: Kitābfurūshī-i Jaʻfarī, 1372/1952. 276 pp. Copy in Edinburgh University Main Library.
  • Pdf. Download and full view Haithi Trust :
  • http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101029113204

ديوان نير تبريزى : گزارش عاشقانۀ‌ وقايع کربلا

  • Dīvān-i Nayyir-i Tabrīzī : guzārish-i ʻāshiqānah-ʼi vaqāyiʻ-i Karbalā. ed. _preface Bihrūz  Sharvatīyān. Tehran: Shirkat-i Chāp va Nashr-i Bayn al-Milal : Intishārāt-i Amīr Kabīr, 1386/2007. 418pp. Persian and some Arabic poetical compositions.
  • Dīvān-i Nayyir-i Tabrīzī ed. + preface Bihrūz  Sharvatīyān. Tehran: Shirkat-i Chāp va Nashr-i Bayn al-Milal : Intishārāt-i Amīr Kabīr,Tehran : Muʼassasah-i Farhangī-i Muṭālaʻātī-i Shams al-Shumūs.1386/ 2007. 39+502pp.
  • Dīvān-i kāmil-i ātishkadah. ed. ʻAbd al-Rasūl Iḥqāqī. Tabriz : Intishārāt-i Fakhr-i Āzar, 1382/ 2003-4. 271 pp.  Largely Persian Poetry.

Scanned from `Abd al-Rasūl al-Ihqāqī, al-Taḥqīq fī madrasa.. (Pt.1), 60-61

  • Fitna-yi Bab. A refutation of Sayyid `Ali Muhammad, the Bab (d.1850 CE). . 

 گفت و شنود سيد على محمد باب باروحانيون تبريز

  • Guft va shunūd-i Sayyid ʻAlī Muḥammad Bāb bā rūhāniyyūn-i Tabrīz. ed. Ḥasan Mursilvand. Tehran : Nashr-i Tārīkh-i Īrān, 1374 Sh./1995. 185pp.
  • Guft va shunūd-i Sayyid ʻAlī Muḥammad Bāb bā rūhāniyyūn-i Tabrīz. 2nd ed. ed. Ḥasan Mursilvand. Tehran : Nashr-i Tārīkh-i Īrān, 1388 Sh./2009-10. 302 pp.
  • Guft va shunūd-i Sayyid ʻAlī Muḥammad Bāb bā rūhāniyūn-i Tabrīz.   On this work also known as the Namus-i Nasiri  see MacEoin, Messiah of Shiraz,  pp.416-9+fns.

La'ā︡lī-yi manẓūme

  • La'ā︡lī-yi manẓūme. XXX [n.p.] 1322/1904. 94pp. [So W-Cat.].

Majmūʻa li'l-dhākirīn

  • Majmūʻah lil-dhākirīn wa-al-rāthīn lil-Shiʻah Abī ʻAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn ... min al-Laʼālī al-mandhūmah wa-al-Dīwān Muh̤tasham, wa-Ḥājī Sulaymān Ṣabāḥī. comp. /ed. Raʼīs al-Zākirīn ʻAbd al-Ḥusayn. [Tabrīz], 190-?. 112pp.

مراثى 

  • Marāthī. Istānbūl : [publisher not identified], 1314/1896-7. 116 pp. Persian poetry.

صحيفة الأبرار

  • Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār, Kitāb-i mustaṭāb Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār/ Hādhā al-Kitāb al-mustaṭāb al-musammá bi-Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār. [Tabriz] : Maṭbaʻah-i Jadīdah-i Ḥājī Aḥmad Āqā, 1319/ 1901.  504pp. Micofilm copy in   cn. 9403008.01.; Princeton University Arabic collection., Phase II. So W-Cat. 
  • Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār. 2 vols. ed. + preface Ḥujjat al-Islām, ʻAbd al-Rasūl Ḥaqqāqī al-Ha'iri. Beirut : Dār al-Jīl, 1986.
  • Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār. 2 vols. ed. +preface Ḥujjat al-Islām, ʻAbd al-Rasūl Ḥaqqāqī al-Ha'iri. Beirut : Dār al-Jīl, 1993.
  • Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār. 2 vols. Preface, Ḥujjat al-Islām Mīrzā ʻAbd al-Rasūl al-Iḥqāqī al-Ḥāʼirī ;  ed. Muʼassasat Iḥyāʼ al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya. Beirut: Muʼassasat Iḥyāʼ al-Kutub al-Islāmīyah, 2003.
  • Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār. 2nd ed. 5 vols. min taʼlīfāt al-Mīrzā Muḥammad Taqī al-Tabrīzī al-Mamqānī al-aṣl al-mulaqqab bi-Ḥujjat al-Islām wa-al-mutakhalliṣ bi-al-Nayyir. ed. Lajnat al-Nūr al-Azʹhar al-Mīrzā Ḥasan al-Kawhar li-Iḥyāʼ Turāth Madrasat al-Shaykh al-Awḥad al-Iḥsāʼī wa-al-Mashāyikh al-ʻIẓām. Beirut: Dār al-Maḥajjah al-Bayḍāʼ lil-Tibāʻah wa-al-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ. 2004
  • Ṣaḥīfat al-abrār. 2 vols. Muʼassasat Iḥyāʼ al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya. Qum: Maktabat al-Dāwarī. 1426/2005-6.

صحيفة الانوار في شرح غرائب الاخبار لمناقب الائمة الاطهار

  • Ṣaḥīfat al-anwār fī sharḥ gharāʼib al-akhbār li-manāqib al-aʼimmat al-aṭhār. ed. ʻAbd al-Rasūl Zayn al-Dīn. Beirut: Dār al-Maḥajjah al-Bayḍāʼ, 2009. 127pp.
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[3] Māmaqānī,  Shaykh, Mirza Ismā'īl  Muhammad [Ḥujjat al-Islam],  (d.1317/1899)

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Muhammad Hasan Mamaqani (May 5th 1823- March 25th 1905), leading mujtahid of Najaf who studied with Shaykh Murtada al-Ansari, the marja al-taqlid.

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Hajji Shaykh Asad-Allah Mamaqani

  • Maslak al-Imam fi Salāmat al-Islam. Istanbul, 1910. No author named. Anon.
  • Refer Iranian intellectuals in the 20th century By Ali Gheissari, p. 32. 
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 `Abd-Allah Mamaqani ʻAbd Allāh Māmqān Asad Allāh Māmqānī.

  • Dīn va shuʼūn va ṭarz-i ḥukūmat dar madhhab-i Shīʻa. 1335/1976. 101pp.

  • Makhzan al-Maghāni, Najaf, 1345/1926.

  • Mirʼāt al-rishād : āʼīna-i hidāyāt. Mashhad : Jihād-i Dānishgāhī, 1364 Sh./1985.

  • Sirāj al-Shīʻa dar ādāb-i sharīʻat / Akhlāq va ādāb-i zindagī dar sharīʻat-i Islāmī. ed. ʻAlī Faz̤lī.  Qum : Risālat-i Yaʻqūbī, 1388/ 2009 or 2010. 959pp.

  • Tanqih al-Maqal fi 'Ilm al-Rijal (4 vols.)/ (13 Vol.)  Qum: 'Alulbayt Foundation - 1424. 13 vols.  has 7068 pages.  ISBN : 964-319-380-2.

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