The word Baha' in select Islamic Tafsir, Hadith, Sirah, Tarikh and other Literatures.




The word Baha' in select Islamic Tafsir, Hadith, Sirah, Tarikh and other Literatures.

Stephen Lambden, UC Merced,

IN PROGRESS :  Last updated 22-02-2018,





Jalal al-Din Maybudi ( 12th century CE)

Kashf al-asrār wa ʿuddat al-abrār

  • (“The unveiling of the mysteries and the provision of the pious”). 10 vols. ed. ʿAlī Aṣghar Ḥikmat. Tehran: Intisharat Danishgahi, 1952-1960. This lengthy Persian Tafsir was written from or after 520/1126.

At its very outset this 12th cent CE Persian Tafsir work  uses the word baha; severl times in comenting on the basmala : 


Bismillah (In the Name of God) ,,,




I shall now cite the translation of Chittick :

Surah 1: al-Fātiḥa
1:1 In the name of God, the All-Merciful, the Ever-Merciful.

"In terms of allusion and in keeping with the tasting of the lords of recognition, the bi of bism [“In the name”] alludes to the “splendor” [bahāʾ] of Unity, the s to the “brilliance” [sanāʾ] of the Self-Sufficient, and the m to the “kingship” [mulk] of the Divinity. His splendor is self-standing, His brilliance self-sustaining, and His kingship everlasting. His splendor is eternal, His brilliance generous, His kingship tremendous. His splendor is with majesty, His brilliance with beauty, His kingship without decline. His splendor steals the heart, His brilliance increases love, His kingship has no annihilation" trans. Chittick 2015: 1. .
Rashīd al-Dīn Maybudī,

  • William C. Chittick, The Unveiling of the Mysteries and the Provision of the Pious By Rashīd al-Dīn Maybudī,  Selections Translated by William C. Chittick. Amman, Jordan : Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, Fons Vitae, 2015.

Annabel Keeler

  • Sufi Hermeneutics: The Qur’an Commentary of Rashīd al-Dīn Maybudī. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006