The Bible and the Qur'an: Some introductory Notes and Bibliographical Observations.

The Bible and the Qur'an: Some introductory Notes and Bibliography.

Stephen Lambden UC Merced.

The bibliographical data listed below is under revision, supplementation and correction; it dates back several decades. It lists Ibibliographical data pertaining to  select books and papers, etc which I at one time (over several decades) found to be useful for my research in the field of biblical, Islamic, and Babi-Baha'i Studies.  It will gradually become more closely focused upon the Bible and the Qur'an; upon  issues within Abrahamic scriptural, religious and intellectual history.

In Progress and under revision and correction -  Last corrected 19-08-2019.

Abbott, Nabia (1897-1981).

  • Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri. Vol. I Historical Texts. (Oriental Institute Publications), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.
  • Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri. Vol. Il: Qur'anic Commentary and Tradition (Oriental Institute Publications). Chicago :  University of Chicago Press,1967.
  • Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri. Vol. III. Language and Literature (Oriental Institute Publications). Chicago :  University of Chicago Press,1969.
  • `Wahb b. Munabbih: A Review Article.’ JNES 36: 103-12.

Anchor Bible Dictionary (= ABD) D. N. Freedman et al. (eds) 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Abrahamov, Binyamin.

  • 1986 `al-Kāsim ibn Ibrāhīm's Argument from Design’ Oriens, 1986, vol. 29/30, p. 259-284.
  • 1987 = `al-Kāsim ibn Ibrāhīm's Theory of the Imamite’ Arabica 34 (1987), 80-105..
  • 1988 `The Tabaristānīs Question’ Edition and annotated translation of of the al-Kāsim ibn Ibrāhim’s Epistles’ JSAI (1988), 16-54.
  • 1996 An Isma’ili Epistemology: The Case of al-Da’I al-Mutlaq 'Alī b. Muhamnmad al-Walid.  Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • 1998 Islamic theology : traditionalism and rationalism,  Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, 1998.
  • 2003 Divine love in Islamic mysticism: the teachings of al-Ghazâlî and al-Dabbâgh (Series: RoutledgeCurzon Sufi series) London; New York: Routledge, Curzon, 2003.

Abū al-Fidā’, Ismā’īl  ibn `Alī  (d. 732/1331).  Syrian `Ayyūbid prince, historian and geographer.

  • 1831 Tawārīkh al-qadīmah min al-mukhtaṣar fī akhbār al-bashar li-Abī al-Fadā.  Ed. and trans. Henricus Orthobius Fleischer as Historia Anteislamica.  “Lipsiae”.

Adang, Camilla.

  • Muslim Writers on Judaism & the Hebrew Bible from Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm, ISBN 9004100342.

Anawati, G. C.

  • "Polémique, apologie et dialogue islamo-chrétiens, positions classiques médiévales et positions contemporaines," in Euntes Docete (Rome) 22 (1969), pp. 375-452.

  •  "Les grands courants de la pensée religieuse musulmane dans l'Egypte contemporaine," in G. C. Anawati and Maurice Borrmans, Tendances et courants dans l'Islam arabe contemporain, vol. 1 : Egypte et Afrique du Nord: Entwicklung und Frieden, Wissenschaftliche Reihe Vol. 26. Munich: Kaiser-Grünewald, 1982.

Addas, Claude.

  • 1993 The Quest for the Red Sulphur, The Life of Ibn `Arabi (tr. P. Kingsley). Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society
  • 2000 The Voyage of No Return  (tr. D. Streight). Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society.

Afnān, Abu’l-Qasim (d. Oxford, UK., 2004).

The eldest son of Mirza  Ḥabību'llāh Afnān and Āghā Bigum Afnān.  

  • `Ahd-i a`lā, Zindagī-yi ḥaḍrat-i Bāb.  Oxford: Oneworld.

Afnan [Shirazi] ,  Hajjī Mirzā Ḥabīb-Allāh Afnān A`lā’ī  (8175-1951 (1875-1951)

  • Tārīkh-i amrī-yi Shīrāz (c. 1935?). mss.
  • + Ahang Rabbani trans. 2008. The Genesis of the Babi-Bahá'í Faiths in Shiraz and Fars. (Series: Texts and Sources in the History of Religions Vol: 122)  E. J.  Brill:  London and Leiden.

al-Aḥsā’ī, Shaykh Aḥmad b. Zayn al-Dīn (d. near Medina,1241/1826)

  • K.  Fawa’id  = Kitab al-Fawā'id al-Ḥikmiyya  ("The Book of the Scrutiny of Wisdom") Critical ed. and translation announced by Idris Sawami Hamid (IJSS 1:67 fn.8).
  • K-`Ismat = K. al-`iṣmat. Beirut: Dār al-`Ālamīyya, 1414/1993.
  • K-Raj`a = K. Al-raja`a.  Beirut: al-Dār al-`Ālamiyya.  1414/1993.
  • MajR-30 = Majmu`at al-rasā'il min musnafat al-Shaykh.. Aḥmad. vol 30, Kirman: 2nd  ed.Kirman, n.d.
  • Kashkul = al-Kashkūl.  2 vols.  Mss. Alif-9 and Alif-10. Kerman: Shaykhī Library. Weisbaden: Harrasowitch.    
  • Jawāmi` al-kalim ("The Compendium of Discourse"). 2 vols. in 5 parts.  While vol.1 contains around 40 treatises (rasa'il) Vol. 2 has 52, often composite, multi-faceted works. The lithographed text was written in the script of `Abd al-Ḥamīd Rawḍa-Khān. A print run of   500 copies was made at the Tabriz located press of  Muhammad Tāqī Nakhjavānī.
  • JK = Jawāmi` al-kalim. Tabrīz: Muhammad Tāqī Nakhjavānī, 1273-76/1856-60. Vol.1 Pts. i, ii and iii.  1273/1856 & vol. 2 Pts. I and ii, 1276/1859-60.
  • Risāla fī jawāb ba`ḍi al-ikhwān min Iṣfahān (Epistle in Reply to some of the Brethren from Isfahan) in Majmū`at al-Rasā'il.. vol. 30  (Kirmān: Maṭba`at al-Sa`āda, nd) pp.193-215. Trans. Lambden (ongoing): URL:
  •  Rasā'il-SA = Rasā’il al-Shaykh [Ahmad al-Ahsa'i].[Kuwait] : Jami` al-Imam al-Sadiq, 1421/2000. A very rich compendium of  Arabic treatises of Shaykh Ahmad (probably all reprinted from the Jawāmi` al-kalim) opening with his exoteric and esoteric exegesis of the well-known tradition ascribed to the Prophet Muhammad, `man `arafa nafsahu faqad `arafa Rabbahu' ( Whoso knows his "Self" (nafs) will assuredly have known his Lord") (pp. 9-24).
  • R-Hikma = Rasā’il al-ḥikma.  Beirut: al-Dār al-`Ālamiyya.  1414/1993.
  • Sh-`Arshiyya = Sharḥ al-kitāb al-ḥikma al-`arshiyya ("Commentary upon the Book of the Wisdom of the Throne"). Lithograph 1st ed. in 2 vols. Vol.1 [Tabriz: ADD] 1271/ 1854-5 and vol. 2 [Tabriz: ADD, 1278-9/1861-2.
  • Sharḥ Kitab al-Hikmat al-`Arshiyya  2 vols. 2nd. ed. Kirmān: Sa`ada. n. d.
  •  Sharḥ al-`arshiyya… (Commentary upon the Wisdom of the Throne [of Mulla Sadr al-Din Shirazi] . 2nd ed. 2 vols. Kirmān: Matba`at al-Sa`adat. n.d.
  • Sh. Fawa’id = Sharḥ al fawā'id .  n.p. [Tabriz?] 1272/1856.
  • [Kitab] Sharḥ al-fawā'id  ("The [Book of] The Commentary upon the Scrutiny [of Wisdom]"). 1274/1858.
  • Sh-Masha’ir = Kitāb Sharḥ al-mashā'ir ("Commentary upon the Book of  Metaphysical Penetrations" [of Mulla Sadr al-Din Shirazi]):
  • Kitāb] Sharḥ al-Mashā`ir. Lithograph n. p. [Tehran?] 1277/1861.
  • [Kitāb] Sharḥ al-Mashā`ir  2nd ed. Kirman: Matba`at al-Sa`ada, 1408/1987??.
  • Kitāb al-mashā'ir. ed. and trans. Henri Corbin, Live des pénétrationes Métaphysiques. Tehran + Paris, 1964; also rep. 1982 = Tehran: Institut Francais d'Iranologie de Tehran [1968] + Paris: Librarie d'Amérique et d'Orient, A. Maisonneuve, rep. 1982 Kitāb-khānih: Tahūrī (= Bibliotheque Iranienne, Vol. 10).
  • Sh-Ziyara =   Sharḥ al-ziyāra al-jāmi'a al-kabīra(A commentary on the Comprehensive Visitation Text"). An important phrase or word by word commentary of Shaykh Aḥmad upon the  weighty visitation prayer for  the (twelver)  Imams collectively by the tenth Imam `Alī al-Hadi (d. c. 214 [254] / 829 [868]). It is found, for example, in the following two important legalistic works of Ibn Babūya/ Babuwayh al-Qummī (d.381/991)  Man lā yahḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ ("For whomsoever is without access to a lawyer") and the [2] Tahdhīb al-aḥkām  (The Rectification of Judgments). ADD HERE
  • Sharh al-ziyāra ... Ramaḍan 1256 / Oct-Nov. 1840.... (= first edition?).
  • Sharh al-ziyāra. Tehran Lithograph ed. Mullā Muhammad Nizam al-`Ulamā. 4 vols. in 1. Ramadan, 1267 / July 1851  Camb. Univ. Lib.  S828.a.85.2 (Momen, BSBM1).
  • Sharh al-ziyāra .... 2 vols. in one. n.p. [Lithograph ed. Tabriz], 1276 / 1859.
  • Sharh al-ziyāra. 4 vol ed. Kirmān: Maṭba'at al-Sa'ādat, 1355-6 Sh./1976-7.
  • Sharḥ al-ziyāra al-jāmi'a al-kabīra., Tehran [1267/1850-51]; 4th ed., 4 vols. Kirmān, 1355-6/1976-7.
  • Sharḥ al-ziyāra al-jāmi'a al-kabīra. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Mufīd, 1420/1999 and 1424/2003.
  • T-Tawhid = Tafsīr sūrat al-tawḥīd Tafsīr sūrat al-tawḥīd (Commentary on the Surah of the Divine Unity). This commentary was originally written in reply to Sayyid Muhammad Bakā'  and printed within vol.1 of the Jawāmi` al-kalim   as part of the Tafsīr Sūrat al-tawhīd wa āyat al-nūr. Its first part, the Tafsīr Sūrat al-tawḥīd is printed in a  2nd. ed. in the composite volume of collected Shaykhī  Tafsir works  entitled Majmū`a al-rasa'il al-hikma'  (Kirmān: Maṭba`at al-Sa`ada. Shawal, 1379/ March-April 1959-60). pp. 1-16.
  • T-Tawhid = Tafsīr sūrat al-tawḥīd.  2nd ed. Kirmān: Maṭba`at al-Sa`āda. 1379/1959-60.Trans. Lambden (ongoing) :
  • Risalat al-tawḥīd (The Treatise upon the Divine Unity).  Jāmi` al-Imam al-Sādiq, Dawlat al-Kuwait, 1422/2001.

al-Aḥsā’ī, Ibn Abī Jumhūr ( d. late 15th cent CE)

  • `Awali = `Awālī al-la’ālī al-`azīziyya fī’l-aḥādīth al-dīniyya.  4 vols. Qumm: Maṭba`at Sayyid al-Shuhadā’, 1403-5/1983-5.
  • al-Mujli =  

al-`Alawī,  Sayyid Aḥmad  ibn  Zayn al-Ābidīn, `Āmilī, Isfahānī ( d. c.1050/1650).

  • Lavami’ = Lavāmi-i rabbānī. Edin. Univ. Lib.  Orien. Mss. Spec. Coll. No. 372.
  • ADD

Algar, Hamid.

  • 1969 Religion and State in Iran, 1785-1906. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press.

`Alī  ibn  Abī Ṭālib [ or pseudo -  attrib.] (d.40/661).

The first Shī`īte Imam and fourth Sunnī Caliph.

  • K. Jafr = Kitāb al-jafr al-jāmi` wa al-nūr al-lawmi`.  Beirut:  Dār al-Maktaba al-Tarbiyya. 1987
  • Dīwān
  • al-Ism al-a`ẓam (“Mightiest Name of God”). Poem regarding the graphic form of the al-ism al-a`ẓam (“Mightiest Name of God”) in Dīwān ….. cited al-Būnī (d.          ), Shams al-ma`arif… XXX-XXX.
  • Nahj al-Balāgha
  • Kh-TTNJ = Khuṭba al-Ṭutunjiyya [Ṭatanjiyya] (“The Sermon of the Gulf”)  in Rajab al-Bursi (d. c.  814 /1411), Mashāriq anwār al-yāqīn fī  asrār Amīr al-Mu`minīn,  Beirut: Dar al-Andalus, nd [199?], pp.ADD
  • Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra (The Comprehensive Visitation Supplication). Relayed according to Ibn Babawayh al-Qummī from the tenth Imam `Alī al-Hadi = al-Nāqī (“The Pure One”) = Abū’l-Ḥasan `Alī ibn Muhammad (d. Samarrā’ 254/868) back to Imam `Alī. See in `Ali al-Hadī below.  

`Alī  Zayn al-`Ābidīn = Abū Muhammad `Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn  ( c. 36-95 AH = 658-713 CE). Fourth Shī`īte Imam and Fourth Sunnī Caliph (d.40/661).

  • Sāḥīfa Sajjadiyya
  • Psalms = The Psalms of Islam. Trans. W. Chittick. [UK]: Muhammadi Trust., 1987.  

`Alī al-Hadi = al-Nāqī (“The Pure One”) = Abū’l-Ḥasan `Alī ibn Muhammad  (b. Medina  c. 212/827- d. Samarrā’ 254/868), the Tenth Shī`īte Imam.

  • Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra (The Comprehensive Visitation Supplication).
  • Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra [=Ziyāra jāmi`a li’l-jamī` al-a’imma] cited by Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Qummī = Ibn Babuya / Babawayh, al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq ( d. 381 /919) in his Man lā yahḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ  ("For whomsoever is without access to a lawyer”), one vol. ed. 1426/2005, pp. 419-422. Related by Muhammad ibn Ismā’il al-Barmakī from the 10th Imam through the nine earlier twelver imams back to `Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib.  
  • Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra cited in al- al-Tūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (The Rectification of Judgments), one vol. ed. Bk. VI. Sect. 46,  No.1 pp.1070-1073. In thesixth Kitāb al-Mazār (Book of Visitation) in  al-Tūsī’s  Tahdbīb al-aḥkam ( see Bk. VI. Sect. 46  No.1 pp.1070-1073.
  • Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra cited in the `Uyūn al-akhbar al-Riḍā’  as  related from  Musa Ibn `Abd-Allah  al-Nakha`ī ADD
  • Translation of Imam `Alī al-Hadi's Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra
  • See below on editions of the Sharh al-ziyāra of Shaykh Ahmad al-Aḥsā’ī (d. 1241/1826), Sharh al-ziyāra ... Ramaḍan 1256 / Oct-Nov. 1840.... (= first edition?).
  • Note also the recently printed 200pp. commentary of the Shi`i writer Sayyid `Abd-Allah Shubbar (d. ADD/ADD), Dar al-Murtadha: Lebanon, XXXX/XXXX.
  • URL : Translation of  Imam `Alī al-Hadi's  Ziyāra al-jāmi`a al-kabīra   with a guide to Shaykh Aḥmad's commentary by Stephen Lambden ( in progress). Add URL

`Alī al-Riḍā’ =  Abū’l-Ḥasan `Alī ibn Mūsā  (d. Medina c. 148-203= 765-818), the eighth Shi`ite Imam.

  •  Add
  •  Mss. Alphabetic Bodlean ??

Alexander, P. S.

  • 2000  `Jewish Tradition in Early Islam: the case of Enoch/Idris’ in Hawting, G.R. et al., eds.            

Alkan, Necati

  • 2009 Dissent and Heterodoxy in the Ottoman Empire: Reformers, Babis and
  •  Baha'is, 1844-1928. Gorgias Press: Piscataway. URL:

Altmann, Alexander (b. Kassa, Austria-Hungary, today Košice, Slovakia 1906- d. 1987).

  • 1963[9] The Delphic Maxim in Medieval Islam and Judaism in Altmann Studies in Religious Philosophy and Mysticism.  Ithaca, New York: Cornell Univ. 1969.  Also in Altmann (ed), Biblical and other Studies (= Studies and Texts;  Vol.l.  Harvard University Press, 1963), 196-232.
  • Saadya Gaon: Book of Doctrines and Beliefs (abridged edition translated from the Arabic with an introduction and notes), in Three Jewish Philosophers, Atheneum, New York, 1969.
  • Biblical Motifs: Origins and Transformations, Harvard University Press, 1966.
  • Studies in Religious Philosophy and Mysticism, Cornell University Press, 1969.
  • Essays in Jewish Intellectual History, University Press of New England for Brandeis University Press, 1981.

Amanat, Abbas.

  • PhD (1981) = `The Early Years of the Bābī Movement: Back­ground and Development.’  Oxford University (Ph.D. Thesis, 1981). Published = 1989.
  • 1989 = Resurrection and Renewal: The Making of the Babi Movement in Iran, I844-1850 Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  • 2009 =  Apocalyptic Islam and Iranian Shi`ism, (Library of Modern Religion),  I. B. Tauris: London.

al-'Amilī, Bahā' al-Dīn ( = Shaykh[-i]  Bahā’ī) (d. Isfahan c. 1031/1622)

  • Mikhlah = K. al-mikhlāh.  Egypt: al-Maṭba`ah al-Adabiyyah, 1317/1899.
  • Kashkul = Kashkūl.  3 Vols.   Qumm: Mu’assasih-i Intishārāt-i Farāhānī, 1377-9/1958-9.
  • Kulliyyat = Kulliyāt-i ash`ār va āthār-i fārsī. ed. Ghulām Ḥusayn Javāhirī. [Tehran]: Intishārāt-i Maḥmūdī, 1372/1993
  • Hurmah = Ḥurmah dhabā’iḥ ahl al-kitab.  ed.  Zuhayr al-A`rajī.  Beirut: Mu’assasah al-A`lamī li-al-maṭbū`āt, 1410/1990.
  • Rumuz = Dar rumūz-i ism-i a`ẓam in Jawahiri (<--), 93-99.
  • Huma  = Ḥurma dhābbā’iḥ ahl al-kitāb. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lā. 1410/1990.
  • Riyad = Riyāḍiyyāt Bahā’-al-Dīn al-`Āmilī  (Mathematical Works of Bahā’ al-Dīn al-Āmilī)  ed. Shawky (Institute for the History of Arab Sciences) Univ. Aleppo. 1976.

Āmulī, Sayyid Ḥaydar  (d. 787/1385)

  • Jami`  = Jāmi` al-asrār wa manba` al-anwār,   in Corbin H. & Yahia O.La Philosophie Shi'ite.  1. Somme des doctrines ésotériques (Jâmi' al-asrâr).  (Bibliotheque Iranienne Vol. 16), [Rep.]  Tehran: Shirkat-i Intishárát-i `Ilmí va Farhangi. 1368/1989.

al-Āmilī,  Abū al-Ḥasan al-Isfahani ( d.  Isfahan, 1138/1726)

  • Mir’āt al‑anwār wa mishkāt al‑asrār fī tafsīr al‑Qur’ān (Mirrors of Lights and Niches of Mysteries in Commentary upon the Qur’ān). ADD

al-Ḥurr al-`Amilī, Muhammad ibn al-Ḥasan (d.                      )

  • Jawahir = Jawāhid al-Saniyya fī al-aḥādīth al-qudsiyya. Beirut: Mu`assat al-Wafā’.  1405/1984.

Anastase, Le Piere

  • 1903 al-Dāwūdāt aw al-Dāwūdiyyūn  (Le Sect des Davidiens), al-Mashrīq VI/3 60-67.

Anawati, G.

  • 1967 `Le Nom Supreme de Dieu.'  In Atti del Terzo Congresso Di Studi Arabi e Islamici   (Napoli): 7-58.
  • 1986 & Louis Gardet. Mystique Musulmane, Aspects et Tendances -- Experiences et  Techniques. 4th ed. 1986. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.


  • Mujmal al-tawarikh wa'l-qiṣaṣ (Persian text written c. 520/1126), ed. Mahmoud Omidsalar and Iraj Ashar. Tehran: 2005.

Asadi, Muhammed A.,

  • Islam & Christianity Conflict or Conciliation: A Comparative and Textual Analysis of the Koran & the Bible. Writers Club Press., 2002 (128pp.) ISBN= 0595212581

al-`Askarī, Sayyid Murtaḍā.

  • Ibn Sabā = `Abd Allāh ibn Sabā wa asāṭīr ukhrā.  Beirut:  Dār al-Zahrā, 1412/1991.

`Aṭṭār, Farīd al-Dīn.

  • tr. of Takhkirat al-awliyā’  by Arberry as, Muslim Saints and Mystics.  London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1966[73].

Atiya, Aziz Suryal,

  • 1898 [1955] The Arabic manuscripts of Mount Sinai; a hand-list of the Arabic manuscripts and scrolls microfilmed at the library of the Monastery of St. Catherine, Mount Sinai. Foreword by Wendell Phillips. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press.

Ayoub, Mahmud   

  • 1976 `Towards an Islamic Christology: An Image of Jesus in Early Shī`ī Muslim Literature’. MW 66 (1976), 163-187.
  • 1978 Redemptive Suffering in Islam: A Study of the Devotional Aspects of Āshūrā’ in Twelver Shī'ism. The Hague, Paris, New York:  Moulton Publishers.
  • 1984 The Qur'an and Its Interpreters, Volume One , Alabny: State University of New York Press, 1984

al-A`zamī, Muhammad, Mustafa.

  • The Histry of the Qur'anic Text from Revelation to Compilation, A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments. Leicester: U.K. Islamic Academy, 1424/2003. (376pp.).

al-'Ayyāshī, Abu l-Naẓr  Muhammad b. Mas`ūd (fl. 9th-10th crent CE)

  • Tafsir  ed. Hashim al-Rasul  al-Maḥallatī, Qumm, 1380-1.

al-Baghdādī ,  al- Khāṭib =  Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn Thabit ibn Ahmad ibn Mahdi al-Shafi‘i = (d. 392-463 AH = 1002-1071 CE).

  • Tārīkh Baghdād aw Madīnat al-Salām. 24 +1 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1997.
  • Add

Al-Bāqir, Muhammad (d. c. 126/743) the fifth Shi`ite Imam.

  • Add

Bahadur, Agha Khan (trans.).

  • 1927 `Some New Notes on Babiism.'  JRAS   vol.  ADD: 447.

al-Baḥrānī ,  Sayyid Hāshim  (d. 1110/1697)

  • Kitāb al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-qur’ān. 

al-Baḥrānī (al-Iṣfahānī),`Abd-Allāh b. Nūr-Allāh,

  • `Awalim = `Awā’lim  al-`ulūm wa’l-ma`ārif wa’l-aḥwāl min al- āyāt wa’l-akhbār wa’l-aqwāl.  Qumm: Mu’assat al-Imām al-Mahdī. (20+ vols) 1415/ 1994.  

Baḥr al-`Ulūm, (=) Sayyid Muhammad Mahdī. 

  • Rijal Rijāl al-Sayyid Baḥr al-`Ulūm.  Eds. Muhammad Ṣādiq Baḥr al-`Ulūm and Ḥusayn Baḥr al-`Ulūm.  4 Vols.  Tehran: Maktaba al-Ṣādiq, 1363/1984. 

al-Baidawī , `Abd-Allah bin `Umar (d. c. 1300 CE.)

  • Add

al-Baḥrānī, Yūsuf.

  • Lu’lu’at al-Baḥrayn. Najaf: Maṭba‘at al-Nu‘mān, XXXX/1966

Bailey, H. W.

  • Zoroastrian Problems in the Ninth-Century Books. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1943; reprint, 1971.

Bal'amī, Abū `Alī  (

  • Tarikh= Tar’īkh, abridged translation of Ṭabarī's Ta'rīkh al-rusul wal-mulūk (q.v.), part I (the pre-Islamic section), ed. Muḥammad-Taqī Bahār.   Tehran:  Ministry of Education, 1962; Part 11 (the Islamic section), 3 Vols.  Tehran: Nashr-i Naw, 1987.
  • 1974 = Tarīkh-i Bal'amī.  Ed. Muḥammad Taqī Bahār. Rev. ed. Muhammad Parvin Gunabadī 2nd edn. Tehran: Zavvār.
  • 1984 Trans. H. Zotenberg. 1984.  Les prophtes et les rois de la création  David.  Paris: Sindbad.
  • 1994 Tārīkh-nāmih-i Ṭabarī:  bakhsh-i chāp-nāshudih.  Ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. 3rd edn. Tehran: Nashr-i Alburz.

Bausani, Alessandro (XXXX-XXXX).

  • 1981 `Notes on the Safavid Period: Progress or Decline’ in R. Peters ed. Proceedings of the Ninth Congree of the Union of Européenne Des Arabists et Islamisants (Amsterdam, 1st-7th Sept. 1978). Leiden: E.J. Brill., pp.15-30.

Bayat, Mangol.

  • Mysticism and Dissent. Socioreligious Thought in Qajar Iran, Syracuse, 1982.

Beeston, A.F.L. ( et.  al., eds.)

  • CHAL1 = The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature: Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period. Cambridge: CUP, 1983.

Bell, Richard.

  • `Muhammad and Previous Messengers,’ MW 24:  330-40.
  • `Muhanmmad’s knowledge of the Old Testament’ in Weir ed. 1945.,1-20.

Berkey, J. P.

  • 2001 Popular Preaching and Religious Authority in the Medieval Islamic Near East. Seattle and London: Univ. Washington Press.

Berthelot, M.P.E.

  • 1893 [1967] Chimie au Moyen Âge.  Vol. III.  L'alchimie arabe..., Osnabrück: Otto Zeller / Amsterdam: Philo Press, I967.

Bezold, Carl (Hrsg.).

  • 1888 Die Schatzhöhle. Nach dem syrischen Texte der Handschriften zu Berlin, London und Rom nebst einer arabischen Ver­sion nach den Nandschriften zu Rom, Paris und Oxford. Leipzig: [N.p.].

Bible (= Hebrew Bible and  or New Terstament)

  • 1657 Biblica Sacra Polyglotta... Bibliorum Sacrorum Tomus Quintus: Sive Novum D. N. Jesu Christi Testamentum. Vol. 5.  ed. Brian Walton.  London 
  • 1831 Ar.  K. al-muqaddas.   Richard Watts.  London:  Rome, for Eastern Churches.
  • 1837 Per.  The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.  Tr. Henry Martyn.  4th ed.  London: Richard Watts for the British and Foreign Bible Society. 
  • 1850. Ar. K. al-`ahd al-jadīd ya`nī al-Injīl al-muqaddas li-rabbinā Yasū` al-masīḥ.  Tr. William Watts.  London:  Rome, for Eastern Churches
  • 1858 Ar.. K. al-`ahd al-jadīd ya`nī al-Injīl al-muqaddas li-rabbinā Yasū` al-masīḥ.  Tr. William Watts.  London:  Rome, for Eastern Churches.
  • 1871 Ar. K. al-`ahd al-jadīd li-rabbinā wa mukhliṣinā Yasū` al-Masīḥ.  Oxford: British and Foreign Bible Society [ NT+ Psalter]. 

Biblioteca apostolica vaticana.

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Biblioteca apostolica vaticana.

  • Secondo elenco dei manoscritti arabi islamici della Biblioteca vaticana / [di] Giorgio Levi della Vida. Città del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1965.

Bibliothèque nationale (France).

  • Département des manuscrits. Catalogue des manuscrits arabes par m. le baron de Slane: Paris Imprimerie nationale 1883-1895

Bint al-Shāṭi’ = ‘Ā’isha ‘Abd al-Raḥmān (XXXX-XXXX).

al-Bīrūnī, Abu al-Rayān Muhammad (d.c [after] 442/1050).

  • Chronology =  al-Āthār al-bāqiyya 'an al-qur'ūn al-khāliyya. C. E. Sachau. Leipzig. Leipzig:  F. A. Brockhaus, 1878.  Trans. C.E. Sachau as The Chronology of Ancient Nations. London, 1879. Rep. Frankfurt: Minerva, 1969.
  • T-Hind  Taḥqīq mā l’l-Hind.  Beirut: `Ālam al-Kutub. 2nd ed. 1404/1983.
  • India AlBeruni’s India. C.E. Sachau 2 vols. in 1 Rep. Delhi: Low Price Pub. [1910] 1989.

Birge, J. K.

  • 1994 The Bektashi Order of Dervishes. London: Luzac Oriental.

Blau, J.,

  • 'Über einige christlich-arabische Manuskripte aus dem 9. und 10. Jahr­hundert', in Museon 75, 1962, pp. 101-8.
  • 'On a fragment of the oldest Judaeo-Arabic Bible translation extant', in J. Blau and S.C. Reif, eds,
    Genizah Research After Ninety Years: The Case of Judaeo-Arabic, Cambridge, 1992, pp. 31-9.

Beaumont, M.,

  • "Ammar al-Başrî on the Incarnation', in D. Thomas, ed., Christians at the Heart of Islamic Rule, Leiden, 2003, pp. 55-62.
  • 'Early Muslim interpretation of the Gospels', Transformation 22, 2005, pp. 20-7.
  • Christology in Dialogue with Muslims, Carlisle, 2005.

Bosworth, C. E.

  • 1968 The Laṭā`if al-ma`ārif  of Tha`ālibī. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press.  
  • 1982 `The Concept of Dhimma in Early Islam.’  In Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire.  1: 37-55.  Ed. B. Braude and B. Lewis. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc.
  • 1989 Bahā' al-Dīn al-'Āmilī and his Literary Anthologies, Manchester:  University of Manchester (= Journal of Semitic Studies, Monograph No.10).

Böwering, G.

  • 1980 The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Is­lam: The Qur'ānic Hermeneutics of the Sūfī Sahl At-Tustarī (d. 283/896).  Berlin:  Walter de Gruyter.

Brinner, W. M  (tr. --> al-Ṭabarī)

  • 1998 `Isrā’īliyyāt’, EAL1:400-401.
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Brockelmann, Carl.

  • GAL. = Geschichte der arabischen litteratur. 2 vols. plus 3 suppl. vols., Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1943-
  • Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur. Vols. 1–2, Supplement vols. 1–3. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1943–49

Brown, Keven

  • ‘Hermes Trismegistus and Apollonius of Tyana in the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh’, in: Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahá’í Theology, ed. Jack McLean, Los Angeles 1997, pp. 153-187.

Browne, Edward, G. (d.1926)

  • Materials  = Materials for the Study of the Bábí Religion. Cambridge: CUP., 1918 [Rep.1961].
  • N-Kaf  = Nuqṭat al-kāf  (ed), Browne,  Kitab-i Nuqṭatu'l-Káf.. Compiled by Hājjī Mīrzā Jānī of Kāshān.  London and Leiden. 1914?
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Brunner, Rainer,

  • `The Dispute about the Falsification of the Qur’ān between Sunnīs and Shī`īs in the 20th Century’ in Leder, S et al. eds. 2002 (below), pp. 437-446. =

BSB  =  Bahá'í Studies Bulletin. Newcastle upon Tyne: Hūrqalyā Publications, 1982>.

Buck, Christopher.

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al-Būnī, Muḥyī al-Dīn, Aḥmad b. Ali  (d. Cairo 622/1225) 

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al-Bursī, Rajab. al-Ḥāfiẓ,

  • Mashariq = Mashāriq  anwār al-yaqīn fī asrār Amīr al-Mu'minīn.  Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, 1978. 
  • [= Borsi] Les Orients des Lumires. (Henri Corbin), Verdier, 1994.

Burton, J.

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Būjnūrdī, Kāẓim Mūsāvī.

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Calmard, Jean (ed.)

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Canfield, R. L.

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Caspar, R.,

  • 'Les versions arabes du dialogue entre le patriarche Timothée I et le calife al-Mahdî (II/VIII siècle) "Mohammed a suivi la voie des prophètes"', Islamochristiana 3, 1977, pp. 107-75.
  • + Gaudeul, J.-M., 'Textes de la tradition musulmane concernant le tahrif (falsification) des écritures', Islamochristiana 6, 1980, pp. 105-48.

Čahārdehī, Murtaḍā Modarresī

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Chittick, William C.

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  • 1989 Ibn `Arabi's Metaphysics of Imagination, The Sufi Path of Knowledge   New York:  SUNY.

Cole, J. R. I.

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  • "Behold the Man: Bahaullah on the Life of Jesus." JAAR  vol. 65, no. 1 (1997): 47-71.
  • Modernity and the Millennium.  New York: Columbia University Press.

Corbin, Henri (c.  19XX – 1972).

  • 1961 Trilogie ismaélienne. Paris: Maisonneuve. Rep. Paris: Verdier, 1994.
  • 1970 `L'Idée du Paraclet en philsophie iranienne',   (Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei  Atti del Convegno "La Persia nel Mediovo", 1970), Rome, 37-68.
  • 1971-2 En Islam iranien: Aspects spirituels et philosophiques. 4 vols. Paris:  Gallimard.
  • 1976 `Theologumena Iranica.'  Studia Iranica  5:   225-235.
  • `Aḥmad b. Zayn al-`Abedīn `Alawī'. EIr. 1:644
  • Temple and Contemplation. Trans. P.& L. Sherrard.  London, Boston, and Henley: Kegan Paul Interna­tional.
  • 1993 History of Islamic Philosophy. London, New York:  Kegan Paul International.
  • 1995 Swedenborg and Esoteric Islam.  Trans. Leonard Fox.  West Chester, Pennsylvania:  Swedenborg Foundation.

Cortesse, Delia.

  • 2000 Ismaili and other Arabic manuscripts: a descriptive catalogue of manuscripts in the Library of the Institute of Ismaili Studies. London; New York: I. B. Tauris, in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies; New York: distributed in the U.S. and Canada by St. Martin's Press, 2000.
  •  2003  Arabic Ismaili manuscripts: the Zahid Ali Collection in the library of the Institute of Ismaili Studies. London; New York: I.B. Tauris in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2003.

Daftary, Farhad.

  • The Ismailis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990

Dāmād, Mīr Muhammad Astarabādī (d. 1041/1641)

  • Jadhawat =  Jadhawāt.  Repr. Bombay lith. 1302/1884.  Tehran: Intishārāt-i Bihnām. n.d.
  • Qabasat  = K. al-Qabasāt.  Ed. Mahdī Muḥaqqiq.  Tehran: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Tihrān. 1362/1983

Damad, Muhaqqiq, Sayyid Mustafā.

  • 1995/6 `Cultural Relations Between Christianity and Shī`ī Islam’, Message of Thaqalayn. 2:3/4, 99-110.
  • 2003 `Brief Remarks on Relations Between Tashayyu` and Christianitry’. Internation Journal of Shī`ī Studies’ 1(1) 51-60.

Daniel, E.

  • I990 'Manuscripts and Editions of Bal'amī's Tarjamah-i tārīkh-i Ṭabarī.'’  JRAS:  283-321.
  • 1995 (Unpub.) 'The Samanid "Translations" of Ṭabarī.' Paper presented at the International Conference on 'The Life and Works of Muhammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī,' University of St Andrews, 30 August-2 September 1995. (Forthcoming).

Dawwānī, Jalāl al-Dīn (d. 907/1501).

  • Shawakil = Shawākil al-ḥur fī sharḥ hayākil al-nūr.  Madras: The Nūrī Press, 1954

Darlow, T.H. & Moule H.F. (eds.)

  • D&M =           The Historical Catalogue of Printed Editions of Holy Scripture in the Library of the British and Foreign Bible Society.  2 vols. London, 1903-1913/ New York; Kraus Rep. 1962.

Dehkhoda, `Alī Akbar Dehkhoda (d.           )

  • Lughat-nameh.  2nd ed. (Mohammad Mo’in+Ja`far Shahidi) 14 vols. rep. Tehran: Tehran University Publications, 1993-4.

Dhahabī, Muḥammad Husayn.

  • 1971 [1991] al-Isrā’īliyyāt fī’l-tafsīr wa’l-ḥadīth. Jāma`at al-Azhar  [Majma` al-Buḥūth al-Islāmiyya] Maktabat al-Wahabiyya, 1391/1971, 1991.

Di Matteo, I. (XXXX-XXXX).

  • `Confutazione contro ı Christiani dello Zaydta al֊ Qāsim b. Ibrāhīm' , in RSO , ix [1922], pp. - ADD.

Donner, F. M.

  • 1998 Narratives of Islamic Origins: The Beginnings of Islamic Historical Writing.  Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press.

Dunlop, D.M.

  • 1968 `A Letter of Hárun al-Rashid to the Emperor Constantine VI’ in In Memorium Paul Kahle . eds. M. Black & G. Fohrer. Berlin: Verlag. 

Duri, A. A.   

  • 1983 The Rise of Historical Writing Among the Arabs.  Ed. and trans. F. Donner.  New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

EAL = Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature.  2 vols. ed. J. S. Meisami & P. Starkey.  London & New York: Routledge, 1998

EDNT = Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament   ed. H. Belz & G. Schneider Grand Rapids, Michegan: W.B Eerdmans Pub. Co., 3 Vols. 1990-93.

EEC =  Encyclopedia of the Early Church   2 vols. Cambridge: James Clarke & Co, 1992.

EIS = Encyclopedia of Islam.. (1st edition), ed. M. Th. Houtsma, et al. E.J. Brill & Luzac & co., 1913-1938. Rep. E.J. Brill: New York..1987. + Supp. Vol. rep. Ibid., 1987.

EI2 = Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition. ed. H.A.R. Gibb et al., Leiden:E.J. Brill / London: Luzac, 1960> (CD rep. 1999  ongoing).

E.Ir. = Ehsan Yarshater, (ed.)  Encyclopedia Iranica., Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers+  New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 1982>

Ellis, A. G.

  • Cat.Ar. Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in the British Museum.  2 vols. Rep. [1894] Trustees of the British Museum., 1967.

Enc.Jud.  = Encyclopaedia Judaica. 16 Vols. Jerusalem: Keter, 1971-2. [+ CD version 1999].

Enc.Rel. =  Eliade, M. (et al., eds.) Encyclopedia of Religion. 16 vols in 8 Mac­Millan & Free Press: New York, 1987.

Eppler, Christoph Friedrich.

  • D. Kari Gottlieb Pfander: Ein Zeuge der Wahrheit unter den Bekennern des Islam. Basel: Verlag der Missionsbuchhandlung,
    ies in the north-western provinces and Oudh." Ph.D. Diss., London 1983.
  • "The Publishers," Introduction. In C. G. Pfander, D.D., The Mĩzan-ul-Haqq, Balance of Truth. Villach: Lighter Life, 1986.

Eppler, Paul.

  • Geschichte der Basler Mission 1815֊ 1899. Basel: Verlag der Missionsbuchhandlung, 1900.

Ehrman, Bart D.

  • 1993 The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
  • 2005 Misquoting Jesus, The story behind who changed the Bible and Why.  San Francisco: Harper 2005.

Nadir El-Bizri

  • ed. `The Ikhwān al-Safā’ and Their Rasā’il, An Introduction, OUP., 2008.

Eraqi Klorman, B.Z.

  • 1993 The Jews of Yemen in the Nineteenth Century, A Portrait of a Messianic Comminity.   Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  • 1993

Esh  =  Encyclopedia of the Shī`a

  • / Dā'irat al-ma`ārif-i  tashayyu.  ed. A. Ṣadr, Ḥajjī Sayyid Jawādī and Bahā' al-Dīn Khurramshāhī, Tehran: Shaṭṭ Cultural and Charitable Trust, Vols. 1-3,  1369/1991> (ongoing).  

Ethé, H.       

  • Cat. Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the Library of the India Office. 2 Vols.  Oxford 1903-37.

al-Fayḍ al-Kashānī, Mullā Muḥsin   (d. 1091/1680).

  • Mahajja = al-Maḥajja al-bayḍā' fī tahdhīb al-iḥyā’. ed. 'Alī Akbar al-GhaXarī, 8 vols. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī. 1403/1984
  • `Ilm = `Ilm al-yaqīn fī Uṣūl al-dīn. 2 vols.  Dār al-balāgha. 1410/1990.
  • Nawadir = Nawādir al-akhbār fīmā yata`allaq bi-uṣūl al-dīn. Ed. Mahdi Ansārī. Tehran: Institute for Cultural Studies, 1375/1996. 
  • Mafatīḥ  al-sharā’i` 

Fischel, Walter J. (XXXX-XXXX).  

  • 1954a Ibn Khaldun's Use of Jewish and Christian Sources" in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Orientalists. Cambridge, 1954. pp. 332-33.
  • 1954b  "Ibn Khaldun and Josippon" in Homenaje a Millas-V'alli­crosa. Barcelona, 1954-1956. 2 vols. vol I: 587-98.
  • 1956 "Ibn Khaldun: On the Bible, Judaism and Jews" in Ignace Goldziher Memorial Volume. Budapest, 1948; Jerusalem, 1956. vol. II:147-71.
  • 1967 Ibn Khaldun in Egypt : His public functions and his historical research, 1382–1406; A Study in Islamic historiography. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Fodor, A.

  • 1974 `Malhamat Daniyal.’  In The Muslim East, Studies in Honour of Julius Germanus.  Ed. Gy. Kaldy-Nagy.  Budapest, 1974, 85-133, plus 26 pages of reproduction of the anonymous Najaf n.d. ed. of  Malhamat Danīyal.

Frank, Daniel.

  • Search Scripture Well: Karaite Exegetes and the Origins of the Jewish Bible Commentary in the Islamic East (Bilingual) Leiden: Brill Academic Pub., 2004  (374pp.). ISBN  9004139028

Gairdner, W. H. T.

  • The Reproach of Islam. London, 1909.

Goldziher, Ignaz.

  • "Über muhammedanische Polemik gegen Ahl al-kitāb." Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 32 (1878), pp. 341-378.

Friedlander, I.

  • 1912 `Jewish-Arabic Studies I. Shiitic Elements in Jewish Sectarianism. 1. The Raj`a Doctrine’ JQR (ns.), 2 (1912) 481-516.

Friedmann, Yohannan.

  • Prophecy Continues: Aspects of Aḥmadī Religious Thought and Its Medieval Background.  Berkeley:  University of California Press.

Garrett, Robert, (b. 1875-XXXX).

  • Descriptive catalog of the Garrett collection of Arabic manuscripts in the Princeton University library, by Philip K. Hitti, Nabih Amin Faris [and] Butrus `Abd-al-Malik. Princeton, Princeton University Press; London, H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1938.

GAS  = F. Sezgin, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifitums.  Leiden, 1967-.

Geula, Arsalan.

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Ghazalī, `Abd al-Ḥamīd (d. 555/1111).

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  • Iḥyā `ulūm al‑dīn (The Revival of Religious Sciences).

Gibson, Margaret. D.   (XXXX- 1904?;  d.) sister  of Mrs.  Agnes Smith Lewis.  Oriental and New Testament Scholar.

  • 1896 Recognitions of Clement. (Two recensions [in Arabic, the first from a MS. in the Convent at Mount Sinai, the second from a MS. in the British Museum] edited and translated into English by Margaret D. Gibson. Publisher: 1896.
  • 1896 = Story of the Martyrdom of Saint Clement. [Translated from the Arabic by Margaret D. Gibson.]. 1896.
  • 1901 Apocrypha Arabica.  (= Studia Sinaitica 8, contains  part of an Arabic recension of the "Book of the Rolls"  [Kitb al-majll]).  London: CUP.
  • Kitāb al-Magāll; or, the Book of the Rolls, one of the books of Clement [or rather the work generally known as "Me'ârath Gazzē; or, the Cave of Treasures," ascribed in the Syriac text to St. Ephraim [= Studia Sinaitica. no. 8.]. The Arabic version, edited, with an English translation, by Margaret D. Gibson.
  • 1901 Apocrypha Arabica. ... Edited and translated into English by M. D. Gibson. 1901.

 Gobineau, Joseph A. Comte de.  (1816-1882)

  • 1957 Les Religiones et les Philosophies dans l'Asie Centrale.  10th ed. Paris: Gallimard.

Goitein, Shlomo Dov (1900 - 1985)

  • Studies in Islamic History and Institutions.  Leiden: E. J. Brill.
  • 1981 (ed.) Studies in Judaism and Islam. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.

Goldfeld, I.

  • 1984 (ed), Thalabi, Ahmad ibn Muhammad (d. 1035), Mufassirun sharq al-alam al-Islami fi arba`at al-qurun al-Hijriyah al-ula: nashr makhtutat muqaddimat al-Thalibi (T 427) li-kitab al-Kashf wa-al-bayan an tafsir al-Quran.  Pub. `Akka` [Israel], Maktabat wa-Matbaat al-Suruji lil-Tibaah wa-al-Nashr.
  • 1984 Qur'anic  Commentary in the Eastern  Islamic Tradition of the First Four Centuries of the Hidja.  Acre.

Goldziher, Ignaz (1850-1921)

  • 1878 Über muhammedanische Polemik gegen Ahl al-kitāb." Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 32 (1878), 341-378.
  • Muslim Studies. Trans. C. R. Barber and S. M. Stern. 2 vols. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1967.
  • 1888-90 [MS]           Muhammedanische Studien.  2 vols.  Halle: Max Niemayer, 1889-90. Tr. S.M. Stern and C.R. Barber, Muslim Studies.  [= MStudies] 2 vols.  London: George Allen and Unwin, 1967-71.
  • GS [1968]   Gesammelte Schriften. 6 vols.  Ed. J. De Somogyi. Hildesheim: Georg  Olms, 1968.
  • `Mélanges judae-arabes: isra’iliyyāt’, REJ XIV: 62-66.
  • `Verhältnis des Bāb zu früheren Ṣūfī-Lehren.'  Der Islam, Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kulter des Islamischen Oriens 11:  252-254. Eng. trans. B. Walker and S. Lambden in BSB 6:  2-3 (Feb. 1992), 65-68.

Grabbe, L. L.

  • 1982 `The End of the World in Early Jewish and Christian Calculations’, Revue de Qumran. 41:107-8.

Graf, Georg.,

  • Catalogue de manuscrits arabes chrétiens conservés au Caire / par Georg Graf ... Città del Vaticano: Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 1934
  • 1944-53 Geschichte der christlichen arahischen Literatur, 5 vols. Citta del Vaticano: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana. Graf,

Graham, Willam A.

  • 1977 Divine Word and Prohetic Word in Early Islam: A Reconsideration of the Sources, with Special Reference ton the Divine Saying or Ḥadīth Qudsī. The Hague: Moulton.

Gramlich, Richard.

  • 1965-81 Die Schiitischen Derwischorden Persiens. 3 Vols. Weisbaden: Deutsche Morganlandische Gesellschaft.

Green, D. F.

  • `Arab Theologians  on Jews and Israel, Extracts from the Fourth Conference of the Academy of Islamic Research.’  (Geneva, [1972], 74)

Griffith, Sidney H.

  • "Arguing from Scripture: The Bible in the Christian/Muslim Encounter in the Middle Ages." ADD
  • "From Aramaic to Arabic: The Languages of the Monasteries of Palestine in the Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods." DOP 51 (1997): 11-31.
  • "The Gospel in Arabic: An Inquiry into Its Appearance in the First Abbasid Century." OrCbr 69 (1985): 126-67.
  • "The Monks of Palestine and the Growth of Christian Literature in Arabic." MW7H (1988): 1-28.
  • "The Qur'an in Arab Christian Texts: The Development of an Apologetica! Argument: Abu Ourrali jn the Magliš of al-Mu'mūn." ParOr 1·\ (1999): 203-33.

Guillaume, Alfred.

  • The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ihn Ishat/'s Siral Rasul Allah. 1955. Repr., Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1967.
  • "The Version of the Gospels Used in Medina c. A.D. 700." Al-Andalus 15 (1950): 289-96.

Gulpaygānī, Mīrzā Abū  al-Faḍl.

  • Faraid = Kitāb al-Farā'id.  Tehran:   S.l., n.d.

Hawting, G.R. et al., eds. 

  • Studies in Islamic and Middle Eastern Texts and Traditions in Memory of Norman Calder  (JSS Supp. 12). Oxford University Press, 2000.

Hayes, J (ed.)

  • DBI (1999) Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation. 2 Vols. Nashville:

al-Hairi,  `Abd al-Hadi.

  • 1993 `Reflections on the Shi`ī Responses to Missionary Thought and Activities in the Safavid Period’ in Etudes Safavides ed. J. Calmard. Paris/Tehran.

Hajji Khalifa, Mustafa ibn `Abd-Allāh ( XXXX-XXXX).

  • Kashf az-zunun: Lexicon bibliographicum et encyclopaedicum. Ed. G. Flugel. 7 vols. Leipzig and London, 1835-1858.

Hidayat, add here (d.XXXX-XXXX).

  • Rawḍat al-Ṣafā [= Rawdat al-safa-yi Nasiri 

al-Hilli, Muhaqqiq (d. 676/1277)

  • XXX

India Office, Great Britian.

  • India Office. Library. A catalogue of the Arabic manuscripts in the Library of the India Office, by Otto Loth [et al] London, 1877-1940

India Office / E. Denison Ross, and Edward G. Browne

  • India Office. Library. Catalogue of two collections of Persian and Arabic manuscripts preserved in the India office library; by E. Denison Ross, and Edward G. Browne. London, Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1902.

Jan Joosten. 

  • "Tatian's Diatessaron and the Old Testament Peshitta" Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 120, No. 3 (Autumn, 2001), 501-523

  • "The Gospel of Barnabas and the Dietessaron" Harvard Theological Review 95.1 (2002), 73-96.

Jeffery, Arthur.

  • `Ghevond's text of the correspondence between Umar II and Leo III', in Harvard Theol. Review, xxxvii [1944], 269–321

Jomier, Jacques. O.P.,

  • Bible et Coran. Les Editiones du Cerf, 1959. 1st ed. in French. 

  • The Bible and the Koran. translated from the French by Edward P. Arbez S.S. New York., Tournai, Paris, Rome, 1964 (120pp.). Some chapters revised from the French original. Bears the Imprimatur of Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York Oct. 2nd 1964. *


  • ADD

Khan, Geoffrey.

  • "Al-Qirqisani's opinions concerning the text of the Bible and parallel Muslim attitudes towards the text of the Qur'an." Jewish Quarterly Review. 81 (1990): 59-73.

Khoury, Raif Georges.

  • Les légendes prophétiques dans l'Islam depuis le /'՝' /iisi/n 'an ΠΙ' siècle de l'Hégire. Wiesbaden: Harrassovvitz, 1978.
  • "Quelques réflexions sur la première ou les premières Bibles arabes." Pages 549-61 in L'Arabie préislamique et son environneinent historique et culturel: Actes du Colloque de Strasbourg 24-27 /nin 1987. Edited by T. Faliti. Leiden: Brill, 1989.

Khātūnābādī, Muhammad Bāqir ibn Ismā`īl Ḥusaynī  

· Tarjamih-yi anājil-i arba`ih. Ed. Rasūl Jāfaryān (= Persian Literature and Linguistics 10).Tehran: Nuqṭih Press, 1375/1996 

Kraus, P.,

  • Hebräische und syrische Zitate in isma'ilitischen Schriften, in: Der Islam 19 (1931), 243-263
  • Reprint in: Kraus, P., Alchemie, Ketzerei, Apokryphen im frühen Islam. Gesammelte Aufsätze, herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Rémi Brague, Hildesheim 1994, 3-23.

Guillaumne, Alfred (XXXX-XXXX).

  • "Arabian Views on Prophecy (Ibn Khaldun)" in Prophecy and Divination among the Hebrews and Other Semites. The Bampton Lectures. New York, 1938. pp. 197-213

Gunduz, Sinasi,

  • 1994 The Knowledge of Life. The Origins and Early History of the Mandaeans and their relation to the Sabians of the Qur’ān and to the Harranians..

al-Ḥakīm, Su`ād

  • Mu`jam, 1981 = Mu`jam al-ṣūfī al-ḥikma fī ḥudūd al-kalima.  Beirut: Dandala pub., 1981.

Halm, H.

  • `Dawr' EI2 (Supp) 206-7.
  • 1982 Die islamische Gnosis. Die ertreme Schia und die Alawiten. Zuric Artemis.

Hamadānī, Muhammad Ridā’ [Tabrīzī] (d. 1830s??).

  • Miftāḥ al‑nubuwwa  (The Keys of Prophethood)

Hamès, Constant,

  • ‘Entre recette magiques d'Al-Bûnî et prière islamique d'Al-Ghazâlî : textes talismaniques d'Afrique occidentale’ in Systèmes de pensée en Afrique noire. Cahier 12, 1993, pages 187-223

Hamza al-Iṣfahānī.

  • Tarikh = Ta'rīkh sanī mulūk al-arḍ wa’l-anbiyā’.  Beirut: Dar Maktabat al-Ḥayat.

Haq, Syed Nomanul,

  • 1994 Names, Natures and Things.  The  Alchemist Jabir ibn Ḥayyān and his Kitāb al-Aḥjār (Book of Stones). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Klumer Academic Pub.

Hary, Benjamin H., John L. Hayes and Fred Astren (eds.)

  • 2000 Judaism and Islam: boundaries, communication and interaction: essays in honor of William M. Brinner . Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2000

Ḥasan al-`Askarī  (b. Medina 230/844- d. Samarra’ 260/874), Eleventh Shi`ite Imam.

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Ḥasan al-Baṣrī (21-110 AH = 642-728),  One ascetically inclined among the Tābi`ūn (“Followers”).

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Hawting, G.R. et al., eds.

  • 2000 Studies in Islamic and Middle Eastern Texts and Traditions in Memory of Norman Calder (JSS Supp. 12). Oxford University Press.

Hawting, G. R. and Abdul-Kader A. Shareef (eds.).

  • 1993 Approaches to the Qur’ān.  London and New York: Routledge.

Hawting, G.R. et al., eds. 

  • 2000 Studies in Islamic and Middle Eastern Texts and Traditions in Memory of Norman Calder  (JSS Supp. 12). Oxford University Press.

Hayes, J (ed)

  • DBI (1999) Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation. 2 Vols. Nashville: Abingdon Press,

Hengel, Martin.

  • 2002. The Septuagint as Christian Scripture. Its Prehistory and the Problem of Its Canon. Grand Rapids, Baker Academic.

Hodgson, M. G. S

  • 1955 The Order of Assassins. The Hague: Moulton & Co.
  • The venture of Islam. Conscience and history in a world civilization, II. The expansion of Islam in the middle periods. III . The gunpowder empires and modern times. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hornby, H. (comp.). 

  • LG  = Lights of Guidance, A Bahá'í Reference File2 New Delhi:  BPT, 1988.

Horne, Thomas H. (1780-1862)

  • 1828 [1818] An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures 6th ed. vol. IV., London: A&R Spottiswoode

Hoyland, Robert G.

  • 1997 Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press.

Howard, I.K. A

  • 1981. `The Development of the Adhān and Iqāma of the Ṣalāt in Early Islam’ in Journal of Semitic Studies XXVl/2 Autumn 1981, pp.219-228.

Humphreys, R. Stephen.

  • I99I Islamic History: A Framework for Inquiry. Revised Edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Islamic History: A Framework for Inquiry. Rev. ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991

al-Ḥurr al-Āmilī,  Muhammad ibn al-Hasan (d.1104 /1693).

  • Wasā’il = Wasā’il al-shī`a ilā taḥsīl masa'il al- shari'a. 

al-Ḥuwayzī, `Abd `Alī (d.1112/1700)

  • Thaqalayn = Kitāb Tafsīr nūr al-thaqalayn.

Ibn `Abbās, `Abd-Allah (d. c. 68 / 687) paternal first cousin of Muhammad

  • Tanwīr  al‑miqbās min tafsīr Ibn `Abbās. ADD 

Ibn `Abd al-Ḥakam  (d. 257/871)

  • Futuh Misr = The History of the Conquest of Egypt, North Africa and Spain.  Futūḥ Miṣr (ed. Torrey, Yale Univ. Press: New Haven [=Yale Oriental Series --Researches III], 1922).

Ibn Abī Uṣaybi‘a.

  • ‘Uyūn al-anbā’ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbā’. ed. Nizār Riḍā. Beirut: Dār Maktabat al-Ḥayāh, 1965.
  • ‘Uyūn al-anbā’ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbā’. ed. Bāsil ‘Uyūn al-Sūd. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, 1998.

Ibn al-`Arabī,  Muḥyī al-Dīn,        

  • Alchem =  L’Alchemie du bonheur. Tr. S. Ruspoli. Paris: Berg International
  • Futuhat al-Fuṭūḥāt al-Makkiyya  (Meccan Openings [Revelations]).  4 Vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣadir n.d. [1968 = Cairo Ed.1911].
  • Futuhat-Yahya = al-Fuṭūḥāt al-Makkiyya. Ed. O. Yaḥyā. Cairo: al-Hay`a  al-Miṣriyya al-`Amma  li’l-kitāb.  1972 (ongoing 14+ vols.),1405/1985.
  • Insha = Kitāb Inshā’ al-dawā’ir.   `Ālam al-Fikr. n.d.
  • Illum-Mecc.  = Les Illuminations de La Mecque. The Meccan Illuminations. al-Fuṭḥhât al-Makkiyya. Textes choisis / Selected Texts présentés et traduits de l'arabe en français ou en anglais sous la direction de Michel Chodkiewicz, avec la collabo- ration de William C. Chittick, Cyrille Chodkiewicz, Denis Gril et James W. Morris. Ouvrage publié avec le concours de The Rothko Chapel. Paris: Sindbad, 1988.
  • Fusus = Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam. Ed. A. `Afifi. [Cairo] Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-`Arab, 1946.
  • Rasa’il = Rasá'il Ibn al-`Arabí.  Hyderabad-Deccan: Dairatu'l-Ma`arifi'l-Osmasnia, 1948
  • Rasā’il   = Rasā’il Ibn al-`Arabī. ed. Afifi. Rep. Beirut: Dār Iḥyā al-turuth al-`arabī. Nd.
  • Gryphon  = Islamic Sainthood in the Fullness of Time, Ibn al-`Arabī’s Book of the Fabulous Gryphon. Gerald T. Elmore. Leiden: Brill, 1999
  • Wujud = Risāla al-wujūdiyya  (Treatise on Existence’  trans. `Whoso Knoweth Himself..` Abingdon: Beshara Publications, 1976[88].
  •  (Tafsir) = Tafsir al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 2 Vols I. Edited by Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut: Dar al-Andalus, 1399/1978 (actually by `Abd al-Razzāq al-Kashānī, d. 1330?).

Ibn `Asākir al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari = Ali ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Hibat Allah ibn `Abd Allah, Thiqat al-Din, Abū al-Qasim (499-571/ d. 1175)

  • Ta'rīkh Madīnat Dimashq. ed. `Umar ibn Gharama al-`Amrawi and `Ali Shiri. 80 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1995-2001.  + CDRom  version Amman (Jordan), Dar al-Turath, 200?.
  • Ta'rīkh Madīnat Dimashq. ed. `Alī Āshūr (76 vols. in)  40 vols. . Beirut: Dar al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi, 2001. 

Ibn al-Āthīr,  'Izz al-Dīn 'Alī (555-630 AH =1160-1233 CE).

  • al-Kāmil fī’l-ta'rikh, ed. C. J. Tornberg, 14 vols., Leiden 1851-76
  • al-Kāmil fī’l-ta'rikh... 11 vols. ed. Dr. `Umar `Abd al-Salām Tadmuri. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-`Arabi, 2006/1427.  

Ibn Bābūya [Bābawayh], Abū Ja`far Muhammad. b. `Alī, [al-Ṣādūq], al-Qummī (d.381 / 991).  

  • Ghayb = Risāla fī’l-ghayba, IV [Qumm CDRom]).
  • `Ilal = K. al-`Ilāl al-sharā`i.  Beirut: Mu`asasat al-A`lamī, 1408/1988.
  • Kamal = Kamāl [Ikmāl] al-dīn wa tammam [itmam] al-ni`ma fī ithbāt al-gḥayra wa kashf  al-ḥayra. Beirut: Mu`asasat al-A`lamī,  1412/1991.
  • Khisal = (K.) al-Khiṣāl.   Beirut: Mu`asasat al-A`lamī, 1410/1990.
  • Man la  = Man lā yahḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ ("For whomsoever is without access to a lawyer") 4 vols. Qumm: Imam al-Mahdi, 1404/1983
  • Man lā yahḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ.  One vol. ed. Beirut: Mu`ass`a al-A`lamī li’l-Maṭbū`at, 1426/2005.
  • Tahdhib = Tahdhīb al-aḥkām  (The Rectification of Judgments).
  • Tawhid = K. al-tawhid.  Beirut: Dār al-Ma`rifa. n.d.
  • Thawab = Thawāb al-a`māl.  Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī. 1403/1983.
  • `Uyun = 'Uyūn  akhbār al-Riḍā, [lith.,1899/1317] rep. Qumm, 1377; Najaf, 1390/1970

Ibn Ḥajar al-‘Asqalānī. (b.     XXXX-XXX=XXXX-XXXX d.           )

  • Uns al-hujar fī abyāt Ibn Ḥajar. Beirut: Dār al-Rayyān li-l-Turāth, 1988.

Ibn Ḥayyān, Jabīr  (b.       XXXX-XXXX= XXXX-XXXX d.               )

  • Mukhtār rasā'il Jābir ibn Ḥayyān,  textes arabes éd. par P. Kraus,  Paris-Le Caire, G.P. MaisonneuveEl-Khandgi, 1935.

Ibn Ḥazm, `Alī ibn Aḥmad (d. 456 /1064)

  • Fiṣāl fī’l‑milāl... (Differentiation of the Religious  Communities)
  • Ibn Ḥazm.
  • Iẓḥār tabdīl al‑yahūd wa’l‑naṣārā  (Exposition on  the Alternation [of the Torah and Gospel] by the Jews and the Christians).
  • The Ring of the Dove: A Treatise on the Art and Practice of Arab Love. Trans. A. J. Arberry. London: Luzac, 1953.

Ibn Ḥishām [Wahb b. Munabbih] (d.           )

  • K. Tijan = Kitāb al-Tijān fī mulūk Ḥimyar.   Markez al-Darāsāt..: Ṣan`a’, 1347/1928.

Ibn Hishām  [Ibn Isḥāq] (b.     XXXX-XXX=XXXX-XXXX d.           ) .

  • The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Isḥāq's Sīrat Rasūl Allāh. Trans. Alfred Guillaume. London: Oxford University Press, 1955
  • Ibn Isḥāq, Muhammad  [`Abd al-Malik ibn Hishām] (d. 150/767 )
  • Sira = Sīrat rasul Allah, ed. Ferdinand Wustenfeld (Das Leben Muhammed's). 2 vols. Gottingen: Dieterichsche Universitats-Buchhandlung, 1858-60. Trans. Alfred Guillaume as The Life of Muhammad:  a Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford:  OUP, 1955.

Ibn al-Jawzī, `Abd al-Rahman ibn `Ali ibn Muhammad Abu'l-Faraj (510-597 AH = 1126-1200 CE).

  • al-Muntazam fī ta'rïkh al-umam wa'l-muluk, ed. Muhammad and Mustafā 'Abd al-Qadir `Aṭā , 17+1 [Index] vols., Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya. 1315/1995.

Ibn Kathīr, Ismā‘īl ibn ‘Umar  (XXXX-XXXX=XXXX-XXXX). 

  • Tafsir = Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`Azīm. 7 Vols. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1389/1970.
  • Qisas = `Qiṣaṣ al-anbiyā’. Beirut: Dar al-Qalam.  1405/1985.
  • Ibn Kathīr. al-Bidāya wa-l-nihāya. 14 vols. Cairo: al-Maṭba‘a al-Salafiyya, 1932
  • Bidaya = al-Bidāyah wa al-nihāyah.  Ed. Aḥmad Abu Māḥim et. al.  n.p.: Dār al-kutub al-`ilmiyyah, 1992/1412.

Ibn Khaldūn, 'Abd al-Rahmān ibn  Muhammad (b. Tunis  732-808 AH = 1332-1406  d. Cairo ). Renowned  and polymathic philosopher of history. His monumental Kitāb al-`ibar  ( “Book of the         ) is a seven volume universal or world history the first volume of which is known as the Muqaddima (“Prolegomena [to World History]”)

  • 'Ibar = Kitāb al-'Ibar wa dīwān al-mubtadā’ wa’l-khabar fī ayyām al-`arab wa’l-ajam wa’l-barbar wa man `aṣaruhum min dhawī al-Sulṭān al-Akbar.ed. Shaykh Naşr al-Hūrīnī, 7 vols., Būlāq 1284-7/ 1867-8.
  • Tārīkh Ibn Khaldūn musamma Kitāb al-`ibār wa dīwān al-mubtadā’ wa’l-khabar fī ayyām al-`arab wa’l-ajam wa’l-barbar wa man `aṣaruhum min dhawī al-Sulṭān al-Akbar. 2 vols. Beirut: Dār Ibn Hazm, 1424/2003.
  • Muqaddima 1858 = Prolegomenes d'Ebn-Khaldoun. Texte Arabe par E. Quatremere. Notices et Extraits des manuscrits de la Bibliotheque Imperiale (Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres), vols. xvI-xviIi. Paris, 1858.
  • Muqaddima 1904 = Muqaddimah. Cairo, 1904. ADD HERE  Fragmentary Arabic text of the Autobiography on the margins.
  •  Muqaddima 1911 =  al-Muqaddima, al-juz' al-awwal min kitāb al-'Ibar wa-Dīwān al-mubtadā wa 'l-khabar fī- ayyām al-'Arab wa 'l-'Ajam wa 'l-Barbar wa-min 'āsiruhum min ... ed. Mustafā Fahmī Efendi. Cairo: XXXX., 1329/1911.
  • n.d. al-Muqaddimah.  Beirut: Dar al-Kitāb al-Libnānī.
  • n.d. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldūn.  [Lijnat al-Bayan al-`Arabī ed. `Alī `Abd al-Wāḥid Wāfī] Rep. Cairo?: Dar al-Sh`ab.  
  • The Muqaddimah; an introduction to history. Translated from the Arabic by Franz Rosenthal Series: Bollingen series, 43) [New York] Pantheon Books, c. 1950. 
  • The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Trans. Franz Rosenthal. Bollingen Series 43. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.
  • The Muqaddimah. An introduction to history. Translated from the Arabic by Franz Rosenthal.  Franz Rosenthal trans.  3 vols. Routledge & Kegan Paul: London, 1958.
  • Series: Bollingen series.  1967 The Muqaddimah : An introduction to history. trans. Franz Rosenthal, ed. N.J. Dawood. (Abridged).
  • The Muqaddimah : an introduction to history, Ibn Khaldūn; Franz Rosenthal; N J Dawood; Bruce B Lawrence, Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2005.
  • Muqaddimāt al-muqaddimah : dars wa-muntakhabāt, Beirut : Al-Maṭbaʻah al-Kāthūlīkīyah, 1950 (Series: al-Rawāiʻ, 3).   
  • See Fischel

Abū al‑Rabī` Muhammad b. al‑Laith (fl. late 8th cent. CE).

Ibn al-Nadīm, Muhammad ibn Ishaq  ( d.              ).

  • Fihrist = al-Fihrist.  Ed. Shaykh Ibrāhīm Ramaḍān. Beirut: Dār al-Ma`rifa, 1417/1998.
  • Dodge Tr. Bayard Dodge as The Fihrist of  al-Nadīm: a Tenth  Century Suruey of Muslim Culture. 2 vols. New York: Columbia Universisity  Press, 1970.

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr (691-751 AH = 1292- 1350 CE).

  • Fihrist = al-Fihrist.  Ed. Shaykh Ibrāhīm Ramaḍān.  Beirut: Dār al-Ma`rifa, 1417/1998.

Ibn al-Qiftī =  Jamāl al-Dīn Abu’l-Ḥasan 'Alī  ibn Yūsuf ibn  Ibrahim ibn 'Abd al-Wahid al-Shaybani al-Qıftī (568- 646 AH = 1172-1248 CE).

  • Ta'rīkh al-hukama', ed. J. Lippert, Leipzig 1903.
  • Kitab Ikhbar al-'ulama' bi-akhbar al-hukama'= Ta'rikh al-hukama', This work "which exists in an epitome by al-Zawzani (written in 647/1249), ed. J. Lippert, Leipzig 1903"

Ibn Qutayba, 'Abd Allah ibn Muslim  (d. 276/889).

  • Ma`arif = K. al-ma'arif . Ed. Thawat `Ukāsha. Cairo: Dar al-ma'arif, 1969.
  • `Uyun = 'Uyūn al-akhbar.  Beirut, 1406/1986.

Ibn Sa`d, Muhammad (d. Baghdad  230/845)

  • Tabaqat = al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā.  Vol. 1  Beirut:Dār Ṣādir, n.d

al-Ṭabarsī,  Abū `Alī al-Faḍl ibn al-Ḥasan ( d.              ).         

  • Majma` al-Bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān .  5 vols. Qumm: Maktabah `Ayat-Allāh Uzmā al-Mar`ashī al-Najafī. 1403/ 1982. 

Ibn Tawūs, Raḍī al-Dīn ( d.              ).

  • Muhaj =  Muhaj  al-da`wāt  fī manhaj  al-al-`ināyāt.  Beirut: Mu`assat  al-A`lamī. 1414/1994.  

Ibn Taymiyya, Tāqī al-Dīn ( d.              ).

  • Int. Tafsir       `Introductory Treatise on the Principles of Tafsir’,  trans. McAuliffe, Jane, D. in J. Renard ed. 1998 -->.

Ibn Wathīma, Abū Rifā`a `Umāra ( d.              ).

  • 1978 K. Bad’ al-khalq wa qiṣaṣ al-anbiyā’.  Trans. Raif Georges Khoury as Les légendes prophétiques dans l’Islam.  Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Ibrahīmī, Shaykh Abu’l-Qasīm ( d.              ).

  • Fihrist = Fihrist-i kutub-i mashāyikh `izām.   Sa`adat: 3rd. Kirmān.n.d

Ioannesyan,  Yuli.

  • 2006  `The St.Petersburg 19th Century Orientalist Collection of Materials on the Babi and Baha'i Faiths : Primary and Other Sources. Lights of Irfan, 7, 75-100.

Isfandiyār, Kaykhusraw. (?)

  • Dabistān-i madhāhib.  Ed. Raḥīm RiḍāzādIh Malik.  Tehran: Kitābkhānih-i Ṭahūrī,             1362/1983.
  • Tr. by David Shea and Anthony Troyer as The Dabistan or School of Manners.  Washington and London: Walter Dunne, 1901.

Ikhwān al-Ṣafā’ (9th  cen t CE)

  • Rasa’il  = Rasā’il ikhwān al-safā’.  4 vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, n.d.

Iskandar Beg Munshī (d. c. 1042/1632).

  • Tarikh-i ‘alam'ara-yi ‘Abbāsī. 2nd ed. 2 Vols. Edited by Iraj Afshar. Tehran: Amir Kabir, 1350/1971.
  • Tārīkh-i `Ālamārā-yi `Abbāsī.  Trans. by Roger Savory as History of Shah `Abbas the Great.  3 Vols.  Boulder, Colorado:  Westview Press.  The index vol. 3 comp. Renée Bernhard, 1978.   

 Khunji-Iṣfahānī, Faḍl-Allāh b. Rūzbihān (d. 925 /1517).

  • Tārikh-i `ālam-ārā-yi Amīnī.  ed. John E. Woods. London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1992.

Ishrāq-Khāvarī, `Abdu'l-Ḥamīd (d. 1971).

  • Ganj.  = Ganj-i shāygān. Tehran: MMM, 124 BE.
  • Muhadarat 1& 2 =  Muḥaḍarāt. 2 vols.
  • Q-Iqan  = Qāmūs-i īqān.  4 vols. Tehran: MMM: ­127-128 BE/1970-1972

Izutsu, Toshihiko.

  • 1966 Key Philosophical Concepts in Sufism and Taoism, Vol.1. Tokyo: Keio University.
  • 1983 Sufism and Taoism. A Comparative Study of Key Philosophical Concepts.  Berkeley & Los Angeles:  University of California Press.

Ja`far al-Ṣādiq (d. Medina c. 148/765), the sixth Shi`ite Imam.

  •  Add
  •  Mss. Alphabetic Bodlean ??
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  • Ziyārat al-Arba`īn (Visiting Supplication for the Forty [Day] Commemoration) of the martyrdom of Imam Ḥusayn in the Tahdhīb al-aḥkam of al-Ṭūsī (see Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, Bk. VI. 52.17 p.1079).

Ja`fariyān, Rasūl.

  • 1999 `Du`ā Literature in the Shī`ī Tradition, Pt. 1’  Thaqalayn  5 (1999/1419-20), 19-36.

Jansen, J. J. G.

  • 1974 The Interpretation of the Koran in Modern Egypt.  Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1974.

Jawāhirī, Ghulām-Ḥusayn (ed.).

  • Kulliyyāt-i-ash`ār va āthār-i-Fārsī-i-Shaykh Bahā' al-Dīn al-`Āmilī.  Tehran: Kitābfurushī-i Maḥmūdī, 1341/1962.

Jāmī, `Abd al-Raḥman (d. 898/1492)

  • Naqd = Naqd al-nuṣūṣ fī sharḥ naqsh al-fuṣūṣ.  ed.  W.C. Chittick. Tehran: Imp. Iranina Acadamy of Philosophy, 1977.

Jeffery, Arthur (1892-1959)

  • “Chair of the Department of Near and Middle East Languages at Columbia University. Educated in both his native Australia and Scotland, he held earlier teaching appointments in India and Egypt before moving to the United States” (Brill Biographical note, 2011). 
  • 1977 The Foreign Vocabulary of the Koran. Lahore: al-Biruni.
  • 2007 The Foreign Vocabulary of the Koran. Rep. Brill  

Jan Joosten, 2001-2

  • "Tatian's Diatessaron and the Old Testament Peshitta" Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 120, No. 3 (Autumn, 2001), 501-523

  • "The Gospel of Barnabas and the Dietessaron" Harvard Theological Review 95.1 (2002), 73-96.

Jeffery, Arthur.

  • `Ghevond's text of the correspondence between Umar II and Leo III', in Harvard Theol. Review, xxxvii [1944], 269–321

Jomier, Jacques. O.P.,

  • Bible et Coran. Les Editiones du Cerf, 1959. 1st ed. in French. 

  • The Bible and the Koran. translated from the French by Edward P. Arbez S.S. New York., Tournai, Paris, Rome, 1964 (120pp.). Some chapters revised from the French original. Bears the Imprimatur of Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York Oct. 2nd 1964. *

al-Jīlī, `Abd al-Karīm ibn Ibrāhīm ( d. c. 832/1428).

  • InsanK = al-Insān al-kāmil fī ma`rifat al-awākhir wa'l-awā'il.  2 vols in 1. Cairo: Muatāfa al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1375/1956.
  • Qasida = Qaṣīda al-nādirāt al-`ayniyya.  Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1408/1988.

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Kāshānī, Mullā Muḥsin Fayḍ ( d.              ).

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  • Asrar Majlis = The Asrār-i Qāsimī dar `ilm-i Kīmiyā. Majlis Library mss. Add.
  • Asrar-Lith.  = The Asrār-i Qāsimī dar `ilm-i Kīmiyā, np.nd. Probably a 19th cent. Persian or Indian lithograph.
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Kashifī, Ja`far ibn Abī Isḥāq Kashfi (d. 1851)

The father of the Bābī martyr Sayyid Yaḥya Darābī, Vahid  (d. 18XX )

Kassis, H.

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  • Lexicon bibliographicum et encyclopaedicum ... ad codicum Vindobonensium Parisiensium et Berolinensis fidem primum edidit Latine vertit et commentario indicibusque instruxit Gustavus Fluegel. .... Arabic text with Latin trans. by Gustav Lebrecht Fluegel. 7 vols., Leipzig: Published for the Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland, 1835-1858.

Kayrāwanī, Raḥmat-Allāh Khalīl al-Raḥman  [al-Hindī] (d.                )

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Khalidi, Tarif.

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Khan, Geoffrey.

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Kinberg, Leah.

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Khātūnābādī, Muhammad Bāqir ibn Ismā`īl Ḥusaynī ( d.              ).

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Khoury, Raif Georges.

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Kraus, P.,

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  • Reprint in: Kraus, P., Alchemie, Ketzerei, Apokryphen im frühen Islam. Gesammelte Aufsätze, herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Rémi Brague, Hildesheim 1994, 3-23.

Khan, Geoffrey.

  • 1990 "Al-Qirqisani's opinions concerning the text of the Bible and parallel Muslim attitudes towards the text of the Qur'an." Jewish Quarterly Review. 81 (1990): 59-73.

Khoury, Raif Georges.

  • 1972  Wahb b. Munabbih. Vol1 Der Heidelberger Papyrus PSR Heid Arab 23, Leben und Werkdes Dichters, 2 vols.   Wiesbaden: O Harrassowitz.
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Khunji-Iṣfahānī, Faḍl-Allāh b. Rūzbihān ( d.              ).

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Khwānsārī, Mīrzā Muhammad Bāqir ( d.              ).

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Kirmānī, Hajjī Mīrzā Muhammad Karīm Khān ( d. 1288 /1871)

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  • K-Nusrat = K. Nuṣrat al-dīn. Kirmān: Sa`ada. n.d.  
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Ḥājj Moḥammad Khan Kermānī (XXXX-XXXX).

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Kirmānī, Ḥajjī, Shaykh Abu'l-Qāsim ( d.              ).

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al-Kisā`ī, Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah.

  • Qisas  =Vita Prophetarum (ed) I. Eisenburg Leiden: Brill 1922.
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Kister, M. J.

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  • 1988 `Legends in Tafsīr and Hadīth Literature: the Creation of Adam and Related Stories,’ in Rippin, ed., Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur'an, 82-114.   
  • `On the Papyrus of Wahb b. Munabbih,’  BSOAS 37:  545-71.
  • `The Sirah Literature," in Beeston et al., eds., CHAL 1:  352-57.

 Knysh, Alexander D.

  • 1999 Ibn `Arabi in the Later Islamic Tradition: the Making of a Polemical Image in Medieval Islam.  New York: SUNY.
  • 2000 Islamic Mysticism, A Short History. Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Kohlborg, Etan.

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  • 1991 Belief and Law in Imāmī Shī`ism. Aldershot: Variorum Reprints [Roman numbers = article].          
  • 1992 A Medieval Muslim Scholar At work, Ibn Ṭāwūs and his library  (= Islamic philosophy theology and science, Texts and studies Ed. H. Daiber and D. Pingree Vol. XII. Leiden:E.J.Bill

Kramers, J

  • 1926 Les noms musulmans composés avec Dīn’ Acta Orientalia V, 63-7.

Kraus, Paul.

  • 1931 `Hebräische und syrische Zitate in ismā`īlitischen Schriften’, Der Islam  19 (1931), 243-263

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Lachower, Fischel and Isaiah Tishby, eds.

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Lambden, Stephen N.

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Lambden, Stephen N.

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  • 1983b ‘The Islāmo-Bahā'ī Interpretation of Deuteronomy 33:2.'  BSB 2/2 (Sept. 1983):  22-46.
  • 1984c ‘An Early Poem of Mīrzā usayn `Alī Bahā' A­llāh: The Sprinkling of the Cloud of Unknowing (Rashḥ-i `Amā'),  BSB  3/2 (Sept. 1984):  4-114.
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  • 1988 ‘The Sinaitic Mysteries: Notes on Moses/Sinai Motifs in Bābī and Bahā'ī  Scripture,’  In Moojan Momen (ed.), Studies in the Bábí & Bahá'í Religions Vol.5 [= Studies in Honour of the Late Hasan M. Balyuzi.  Los Angeles: Kalimat Press, 1988, 64-183.
  • 1992 `From Fig-Leaves to Fingernails: Some Notes on the Garments of Adam & Eve in the Hebrew Bible and Select early post-Biblical Jewish Writings in  A Walk in the Garden : Exegesis, Iconography and Literature  (Proceedings of a Conference held at the University of Lancaster Jan. 8-9, 1986), 1992.
  • 1998 `Eschatology:  Bābī-Bahā'ī' E.Ir  VIII:581-2
  • 1997 `Prophecy in the Johannine Farewell Discourse: The Advents of the Paraclete, Aḥmad and the Comforter (Mu`azzī)’ in Momen ed. 1997.
  • 1997 `The word Bahā’: The Quintessence of the Greatest Name of God’ JBS 8/2, 13-45.            
  • 1997b `The Background and Centrality of Apophatic Theology in Bābī and Bahā’ī Scripture.’  In Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahā’ī Theology.  Ed. Jack McLean, 37-78.  Los Angeles: Kalimat Press.
  • MESA : 2000 –QA.,  `The Isolated Letters of the Qayyūm al-asma, Tabulated and Introduced’ at URL:
  • MESA 200X `The Sūrah Titles of the Qayyūm al-asmā’ of Sayyid `Alī Muḥammad Shīrāzī (1819-1850 CE) : Gateways to the Earliest Thought of the Bāb.’ See URLs :
  • 2005 (rev. 2007) = `The Khuṭba al-Jidda (The Sermon nigh Jeddah) of the Bāb Translation Stephen Lambden (Ohio University), 2005 revised December 2007 from the Ms. in the hand of Mullā Ḥusayn Bushrū'ī eventually privately published in INBMC vol. 91: 60-73. See URL below and the electively revised and published version in Lawson ed. 2011, pp. XX-XXX.
  • 2007-8 =  `The Khuṭba on `ilm al-ḥurūf (“The Oration of the Gnosis of the Letters”). Text translated from  ms.  INBA 91: 30-36. See  URL:
  • `The Khaṣā'il-i Sab`a ('The Treatise of the Seven Directives’) of Sayyid `Alī Muhammad Shīrāzī,  the Bāb (d. 1850 CE).  Forthcoming.
  • A Short History of the Writings of Sayyid `Ali Muhammad. Oxford: Oneworld Pub. Forthcoming.  
  • A Short History of the Writings of Mīrzā Ḥusayn `Alī Nūrī, Bahā’-Allāh. Oxford: Oneworld Pub. Forthcoming. 

Lassner, J.

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  • 1993a  `The “One Who had knowledge of the Book” and the “Mightiest Name” of God. Qur’ānic Exegesis and Jewish Cultural Artifacts’ in Nettler (ed.): 59-74.
  • 1993b Demonizing the of the Queen of Sheba, Boundaries of Gender and Culture in Medieval Islam. Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press.

Lavī, Ḥabīb.

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Lawson, B. Todd.

  • 1987 The Qur`ān Commentary of the Bāb. Ph.D dissertation. McGill Univ.
  • 1988 `Interpretation as Revelation: The Qur'ān  Commentary of Sayyid `Alī Muammad Shīrāzī, the Bāb (1819-1850)', in A. Rippin, ed., Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur'ān.
  • 1992 `The Dawning Places of the Lights of Certainty in the Divine Secrets Connected with the Commander of the Faithful by Rajab Bursī’  in Lewisohn, ed. The Legacy of Mediaeval Persian Sufism.  261-276.  London: Khaniqahi Nimatullahi Publications.
  • 1993 `Akhbārī Shī`ī Approaches to Tafsīr.’  In Approaches to the Qur’ān.  Ed. Hawting and Shareef. 173-210.  London and New York: Routledge.
  • 2012  Gnostic Apocalpyse in Islam: The Literary Beginnings of the Babi Movement. Routledge: London and New York.

Lazarus-Yafeh, Havah.

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  • 1992 Die islamische reaktion auf den Rationalismus.
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  • 1993 `Medieval Muslim attitudes towards the Qur'an and the Bible'  in LES RETOURS AUX ECRITURES: FONDAMENTALISMES PRESENTS ET PASSES eds. E. Patlagean and A. Le Boulluec, Paris, Bibliothטques de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Section des sciences religieuses, vol.99, pp.255-267.
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Lowry, S.

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Lessona, Michele..

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Lewisohn, L.

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Lockhart, L.

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Lowiner, S. & Somogyi, J.  (eds.)

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Lowry, S.

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MacEoin, Denis M.

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McLean, Jack.

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Madelung, Wilfred.

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al-Qayṣārī, Muhammad Sharaf al-Dīn Dāwūd  ( d.                   ).

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Quinn, Sholeh.

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Rossi, E.

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Rubin, U.

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Ruska, J.

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Sachedina, A. A.

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Sadan, J.

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 Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Muhammad (= Mullā  Ṣadra [al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī] ( d. 1050/1640).

  • Kitāb al-`arshiyya ("The Book of the Throne"). Beirut : Mu'asassa al-Tārīkh al-`Arabiyya ("The Arab History Estate"), 1429/2000  
  • Mullā Sadrā , al-Ḥikma al-`arshiyya on pp. 110-214 of the composite Mulla Sadra lithograph of 1315/1897-8 (which also includes the Mashā'ir + other  commentaries).
  • al-Ḥikma al-'arshiyya ("The Wisdom of the Throne"), ed. with Persian paraphrase by G. R. Ahani, Isfahan, 1962
  • Trans. and intro. J.W. Morris, The Wisdom of the Throne: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mulla Sadra, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982.
  • Editions of Shaykh Ahmad's Commentary
  • al-Hikma = al-Ḥikma al-muta`āliyya f'īl-asfār al-aqliyyat al-arba`a 9 Vols. (Ed. M. Riḍā’ al-Muzaffr) Qum: Maktabat al-Muawaf, 1378 AH / 1958-59 CE.
  • Sh. Usul. = Sharḥ uṣūl al-kāfī.  3 vols. Intishārāt `Ilmī va Farhang. 1370Sh./1992.

 Saiedi, Nader

  • 2008 =  The Gate of the Heart: Understanding the Writings of the Bab. (Series:  Baha'i Studies Series Vol:1) Wilfred Laurier Press: Waterloo, Ontario

al-Sakhāwī, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad.

  • I‘lān bi’l-tawbīkh li-man dhamma al-ta’rīkh. Damascus: al-Qudsī, 1930.

Saleh,  Walid  A.

  • The Formation of the Classical Tafsīr Tradition

“This work is both an introduction to the genre of classical tafsīr and a detailed study of one of its major architects, al-Thaʿlabī (d. 427/1035). The book offers a detailed study of the hermeneutical principles that governed al-Thaʿlabī's approach to the Qurʾān…”

as-Saqqä, Ahmad Hijāzī,

  • ed. Rahmät Allah ai-Hindi, izhar al-haqq. al-Qahira: Dar al-Turāth al-'Arabĩ li'l-Tiba'a wa'l-Nasr, 1978.

Schippers, Arie.

  • “Psalms” in McAuliffe, ed. E-Q., 4: 314-318. *

Schirrmacher, Christine.

  • Mit den Waffen des Gegners: Christlich-Muslimische Kontroversen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, dargestellt am Beispiel der Auseinandersetzung um Karl Gottlieb Pfanders 'mīzān al-haqq ՝ und Rahmatullah ibn Khalīl al-'Utmānī al-Kairanawls 'izhâr al-haqq ՝ und der Diskussion über das Barnabasevangelium. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1992.

Sadan, J.

  •  ‘Some Literary Problems concerning Judaism and Jewry in Medieval Arabic Sources.  In Studies in Islamic History and Civilization in Honour of Professor David Ayalon. Ed. Moshe Sharon. 353-394, Jerusalem: Cana. 1986. *

Samaw’al al-Maghribī.

  • Ifḥām al-yahūd, Silencing the Jews. Ed. and trans. Moshe Perlmann. New York: American Academy for Jewish Research, 1964

Sargent, J.

  • 1819 Memoir of the Rev. Henry Martyn, B.D. London: J. Hatchard, Piccadilly.

Sartain, E. M.

  • Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975

Scarcia, G.

  • ‘Kerman 1905: La "guerra tra Šeiḫī e Bālāsarī",” Annali del Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, N.S. 13, 1963, pp. 195-238

Schimmel, A.

  • Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill: Univer­sity of North Carolina Press.
  • The Triumphal Sun, A Study in the Works of Jalaloddin Rumi.   London: Fine Books.

Schirrmacher, C.

  • 1999 `The Influence of Higher Bible Criticism on Muslim Apologetics in the Nineteenth Century’ in Waardenburg ed. 1999: 268-279.

Schwartzbaum, H.

  • 1982 Biblical and Extra-Biblical Legends in Islamic Folk-Literature. Verlag für Oruentkunde Dr. H. Vorndran. Walldorf-Hessen, 1982

Schäefer , P.

  • The Hidden and Manifest God. New York: SUNY.

Sezgin, Fuat.

  • GAS  = Geschichte des arabischen Schrifftums. 12+ vols. to date. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1967-proceeding.

as-Saqqä, Ahmad Hijāzī,

  • ed. Rahmät Allah ai-Hindi, izhar al-haqq. al-Qahira: Dar al-Turāth al-'Arabĩ li'l-Tiba'a wa'l-Nasr, 1978.

Schippers, Arie.

  • “Psalms” in McAuliffe, ed. E-Q., 4: 314-318. *

Schirrmacher, Christine.

  • Mit den Waffen des Gegners: Christlich-Muslimische Kontroversen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, dargestellt am Beispiel der Auseinandersetzung um Karl Gottlieb Pfanders 'mīzān al-haqq ՝ und Rahmatullah ibn Khalīl al-'Utmānī al-Kairanawls 'izhâr al-haqq ՝ und der Diskussion über das Barnabasevangelium. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1992.

Sadan, J.

  • ‘Some Literary Problems concerning Judaism and Jewry in Medieval Arabic Sources.  In Studies in Islamic History and Civilization in Honour of Professor David Ayalon. Ed. Moshe Sharon. 353-394, Jerusalem: Cana. 1986. *

al-Shahrastanī, Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Karīm (b. c. 469 [479]-542 = c. 1086-1153).

  • Mafatīḥ al-Asrār wa Maṣābīḥ al-Abrār [Persian Facsimile editon in 2 vols. covering Surat al-Fatiha and Baqara Q.  Surahs 1-2]. Tehran: Markaz-i Intishār-i Nushakh-i Khaṭṭī  ( = Centre for the Publication of Manuscripts). Facsimile edition of the Unique Manuscript at the Library of the Islamic Consultative Assembly  or Bunyād-i Farhang-i Irān. Introduction by `Abd al-Husayn Ha'iri and Indices by Parviz Akhka'i,  1989 CE/1409 AH/1368Sh.  (Vol. 1 = 26pp +pp. 1-240 + vol.2 = pp. 241-434 + Index pp.869-913). *
  • Tafsīr al-Shahrastānī, Mafatīḥ al-Asrār wa Maṣābīḥ al-Abrār, [Keys to the Mysteries and Lamps for the Pious] ed. Muhammad `Alī Ādharshab. Tehran: Iḥyā-i Kitāb, Daftar-i Nashr-i Miras-i Maktub, 1997. *
  • Milal = al-Milal wa’l-niḥal.  2 vols. Ed. Muhammad Sayyid Kīlānī. Beirut: Dār al-ṣa`ib, 1406/1987.
  • Mafātīḥ al-asrār wa maṣābīḥ al-abrār. ed. Muḥammad ‘Alī Adharshab. Tehran: Iḥyā-i Kitāb, 1997

Other writings of al-Shahrastānī :

  • Kitāb al-Milal wa'l-nihal ("The Book of Religious and Philosophical Communities") [written 1127 CE] *
  • Nihayat al-`iqdam ("The Culmination of Demonstration in Scholastic Philosophy").
  • al-Milal wa'l-Nihal. Edited by Muhammad Sayyid Kīlānī. 1st ed.; Cairo, Mustafa al-Bābī al-Halabï, 1381/1961;
  • 2nd ed. [actually reprint]; Beirut, Dar al-Ma'rifa, 1975.

Slomp, Jan.

  • "The Gospel in Dispute." Islamochristiana 4 (1977): 67-112.

Smith, Henry Preserved.

  • The Bible and Islam; Or, the Influence of the Old and New Testaments on the Religion of Mohammed, Being the Ely Lectures for 1897. New York: Charles Scribner"s Sons, 1897. (319pp.). *

  • The Bible and Islam; Or, the Influence of the Old and New Testaments on the Religion of Mohammed. Rep. Ayer Co Pub., June 1978. ISBN  040505288X

Smith Lewis, A., (ed.),

  • The Old Syriac Gospels or Evangelion da-mepharreshê; being the text of the Sinai or Syro-Antiochene Palimpsest, London 1910.

Stephens, Rev. W.R.W

  • Christianity and Islam, The Bible and the Koran, Four Lectures. London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1877. (xii+168pp.).

Stone, Michael E. and Theodore A. Bergen (eds.)

·  1998 Biblical Figures Outside the Bible. Harridburg, Pennslyvania: Trinity Press International. 1998. *

Shahrazūrī, Shams al-Dīn, Muhammad (                   )

  • Sh-Hikmat = Sharḥ ḥikmat al-ishrāq  (ed. Hossein Ziai). Tehran: Institute for Cultural Studies and Research, 1993.

Sharon, M., ed.

  • 1986 Studies in Islamic History and Civilization in Honour of Professor David Ayalon.  Jerusalem: Cana.

Shboul, A.

  • al-Mas’ūdī and His World, A Muslim Humanist and his interest in non-Muslims. London: Ithaca Press.

Shedd, J. H.

  • 1915 `Memorandum of J.H.Shedd’  cited MW 5 (1915),112 + Browne, Materials 1918:260-2 + Momen, Babi and Baha’i religions 1981:497-8. 

Sijistānī, Abū Ya`qūb

  • K.Yanabi` = Kitāb al-yanābi`   in Corbin, H (ed), Trilogie Ismaelienne (Bibliotheque Iranienne Vol. 9 ., Tehran & Paris 1961

ADD Sipihr (Celestial Sphere),

  • Nasikh al-Tawarikh: Dawra-yi Kamil-i Tarikh-i Qajariyya, ed. Jahangir Qa'im-Maqāmī. Tehran: Amīr-Kabīr, 1344/1965

Smith, G.

  • 1892 = Henry Martyn, Saint and  Scholar: First Modern Missionaryto the Moham--medans, 1781-1812. London: Religioius Tract Society.   

Smith, Peter.

  • 1986 (ed)  In Iran: Studies in Bábí and Bahá'i History, v. 3. Los Angeles: Kalimat Press.

Stern, S. M.

  • `Fāṭimid Propaganda among the Jews according to the Testimony of Yefet b. `Alī the Karaite’ in  Stern Studies in Early Ismā`īlism.  Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 84-95.
  • 1972 ??

Storey, C. A.

  • Storey = Persian Literature, A Bio-Bibliographical Survey. [1927-39] Rep. 1/1 (1970) & 1/2 (1972). Luzac: London, 1970-72.  

Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā ( d.                   )

  • 1970 (ed. Nasr & Corbin ) Œuvres Philosophiques et Mystiques. Tome III. uvres en Persan. Tehran & Paris, 1970.
  • Hikmat = The Philosophy of Illumination. A New critical edition of of Ḥikmat al-Ishrāq with English translation, Notes, Commentary and Introduction.  John Walbridge and Hossein Ziai. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1999.
  • Hayakil = Hayakil al-Nūr. ed. Muhammad `Alī Abū Rayyān. Cairo: Grande Library Commerciale, 1377/1957.
  • 1999 The Philosophical Allegories and Mystical Treatises, (Persian+ English text) ed. & tr. W.M. Thackston. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Pub. 1999.
  • Ishq = Fī ḥaqīqat al-`Ishq   (On the Reality of Love) text and tr. In Suhrawardi, 1999 (Treatise VI), 58-76.

Swanson, Mark and David Thomas (eds). 2006.

  • [HMCR 5] The encounter of Eastern Christianity with early Islam, introduction by Emmanouela Grypeou (= The History of Muslim-Christian relations, 1570-7350, Vol. 5). Leiden ; Boston : Brill,, 338 pp. Papers from a workshop held in June 2003 in Erfurt, Germany Includes bibliographical references (pp. 312-330) and index.  Contents =
  • Islam and Oriens Christianus : Makka 610-622 A.D. / Irfan Shahid 9
  • The face to face encounter between patriarch Sophronius of Jerusalem and the Caliph 'Umar Ibn al-Khattab : friends or foes? / Daniel J. Sahas 33
  • Ideological transformation and the evolution of imperial presentation in the wake of Islam's victory / David Olster 45
  • The early Muslim raids into Anatolia and Byzantine reactions under emperor Constants II / Walter E. Kaegi 73
  • Copts and the Islam of the seventh century / Harald Suermann 95
  • Amid in the seventh-century Syriac life of Theodute / Andrew Palmer 111
  • Die islamische Zeit in Giwargis Wardas 'Onita uber die Katholikoi des Ostens / Martin Tamcke 139
  • Political power and right religion in the East Syrian disputation between a monk of Bet Hale and an Arab notable / Gerrit J. Reinink 153
  • The perception and presentation of the Arab conquest in Syriac historiography : how did the changing social position of the Syrian orthodox community influence the account of their historiographers? / Jan J. Van Ginkel 171
  • New Testament citations in the Hadith literature and the question of early gospel translations into Arabic / David Cook 185
  • Muslim-Christian controversy in an unedited Syriac text, revelations and testimonies about our Lord's dispensation / Muriel Debie 225
  • Folly to the Hunafa' : the crucifixion in early Christian-Muslim controversy / Mark N. Swanson 2L37
  • Christian theologians and new questions / David Thomas 257
  • Answers for the Shaykh : a 'Melkite' Arabic text from Sinai and the doctrines of the trinity and the incarnation in 'Arab orthodox' apologetics / Sidney H. Griffith

Sweetman, J. Windrow

  • 1937 [1955] Islam and Christian Theology. Parts 1–2. Missionary Research Series no. 22. London: Lutterworth Press. Thomas, Bertram. 1937.
  • Islam and Christian Theology, A Study of the Interpretation of Theological Ideas in the Two Religions. Part Two, Volume One . Lutterworth Library, Vol. XLV, Missionary Research Series, No. 22.
  • Islam and Christian Theology, A Study of the Interpretation of Theological Ideas in the Two Religions. Part One, Volume II
  • Islam and Christian theology, London-Redhill, 3 vols. (i, 1945)
  • IIslam and Christian Theology, A Study of the Interpretation of Theological Ideas in the Two Religions. Rep.   JAMES CLARKE & CO LTD. ISBN: 0227172019 Pbk. 1st September 2002

Thomas, David (ed.) 2003

  • [HCMR1] Christians At The Heart Of Islamic Rule : Church Life And Scholarship In ‘Abbasid Iraq (= Woodbrooke-Mingana Symposium on Arab Christianity and Islam (4th : 2001 : Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre)  Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2003. xiii, 271 pp. Contents =  Introduction, Notes on Contributors
  • Muslims as crypto-idolaters: a theme in the Christian portrayal of Islam in the Near East / Barbara Roggema 1

  • Monasteries through Muslim Eyes: the Diyarat Books / Hilary Kilpatrick 19

  • Habib ibn Khidma Abu Ra'ita al-Takriti's 'The Refutation of the Melkites concerning the Union [of the Divinity and Humanity in Christ]' (III) / Sandra Toenies Keating 39

  • 'Ammar al-Basri on the Incarnation / Mark Beaumont 55

  • The Christian al-Ma'mun Tradition / Mark N. Swanson 63

  • Stuccowork at the Monastery of the Syrians in the Wadi Natrun: Iraqi-Egyptian Artistic Contact in the 'Abbasid Period / Lucy-Anne Hunt 93

  • The 'Philosophical Life' in Tenth Century Baghdad: the Contribution of Yahya Ibn 'Adi's Kitab tahdhib al-akhlaq / Sidney Griffith 129

  • Yahya Ibn 'Adi and the Theory of Iktisab / Emilio Platti 151

  • Language and thought in Kitab al-majdal, bab 2, fasl 1, al-Dhurwa / Bo Holmberg 159

  • The two recensions of the Prologue to John in Ibn al-Tayyib's Commentary on the Gospels / Julian Faultless 177

  • The Ultimate Proof-Text: The Interpretation of John 20.17 in Muslim-Christian Dialogue (second/eighth-eight/fourteenth centuries) / Martin Accad 199

  • A Medieval Islamic Polemic against Certain Practices and Doctrines of the East Syrian Church: Introduction, Excerpts and Commentary / Gabriel Said Reynolds 215

  • Early Muslim Responses to Christianity / David Thomas 231

  • Bibliography 255

  • Index 267

Thomas, David (ed.)

  •  The Bible in Arab Christianity (= Conference Proceedings of the 5th Mingana Symposium on Arabic Christianity and Islam in 2005 at the Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre).  Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2007. 421pp.    Contains the following:
  • The Arabic versions of the gospels : a case study of John 1.1 and 1.18 / Hikmat Kachouh 9
  • Bible et liturgie chez les Arabes chretiens (VIe-IXe siecle) / Samir Arbache 37
  • Anti-Jewish polemic and early Islam / Shaun O'Sullivan 49
  • The use of biblical quotations in Christian apocalyptic writings of the umayyad period / Harald Suermann 69
    Beyond prooftexting (2) : the use of the Bible in some early Arabic Christian apologies / Mark Swanson 91
  • The re-written Bible in Arabic : the paradise story and its exegesis in the Arabic Apocalypse of Peter / Emmanouela Grypeou 113
  • Biblical exegesis and interreligious polemics in the Arabic Apocalypse of Peter - The Book of the Rolls / Barbara Roggema 131
  • The development of testimony collections in early Christian apologetics with Islam / David Bertaina 151
  • The Bible and the Kalam / David Thomas 175
  • The Qur'anic Sarah as prototype of Mary / Gabriel Said Raynolds 193
  • Early Muslim accusations of tahrif : Muqatil Ibn Sulayman's commentary on Key Qur'anic verses / Gordon Nickel 207
  • Is there room for corruption in the 'books' of God? / Clare Wilde 225
  • 'Ammar al-Basri on the alleged corruption of the Gospels / Mark Beaumont 241
  • The use and translation of scripture in the apologetic writings of Abu Ra'ita al-Takriti / Sandra Keating 257
  • Al-Radd al-Jamil : al-Ghazali's or Pseudo-Ghazali's? / Maha El-Kaisy Friemuth 275
  • Hanbalite commentary on the Bible : analysis of Najm al-Din al-Tufi's (d. 716/1316) Al-Ta'liq / Lejla Demiri 295
  • Illustrating the gospels in Arabic : Byzantine and Arab Christian miniatures in two manuscripts of the early Mamluk period in Cambridge / Lucy-Anne Hunt 315
  • A nestorian Arabic pentateuch used in Western Islamic lands / Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala 351
  • Biblical allusions and citations in the syriac Theotokia according to MS Syr. new series 11 of the national library of Russia, St. Petersburg / Natalia Smelova 369

Waardenburg, Jacques,

  • "World religions as seen in the light of Islam." In Islam: Past Influence and Present Challenge, ed. Alford T. Welch and Pierre Cachia. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1979, pp. 245-275.

`Alī b. Rabbān al‑Ṭabarī (d. 241/855).


al-Ṭabarī, Muhammad b. Jarīr (d. 310/922)

  • Tarikh = Ta'rīkh al-rusul wa’l-mulūk, 15 vols. Dār al-Fikr 1988/1408.
  • Eng. tr., = The History of al- Ṭabarī, by various translators, general ed., E. Yarshater, 37+1 vols. projected. Albany, N.Y: SUNY, 1985-98.
  • Tarikh (Per. 1987)   1366/1987.  Tārīkh-i nāmih-yi Ṭabarī.  3 Vols.  Ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. Tehran:  Nashr-i Naw.
  • Tarikh (Per. 1995) 1374/1995 Tārīkhnāmih-i Ṭabarī.  2 Vols.  Ed. Muḥammad Rawshan.  Tehran: Surūsh.
  • History tr. Rosenthal.          The History of al-Tabarī, vol. 1 (General Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood), Albany. SUNY. 1989.
  • History  tr. Brinner, W.  vol. 2  (Prophets and Patriarchs), Albany, SUNY, 1987.
  • History tr.  Brinner, W.  vol. 3 (The Children of Israel), Albany, SUNY, 1991
  • History tr.  Perlman. M.  vol. 4  (The Ancient Kingdoms), Albany, SUNY. 1987.
  • Review of: The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. I: General Introduction and from the Creation to the Flood + Review of: The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. II: Prophets and Patriarchs by Reuven Firestone; Franz Rosenthal; William M Brinner in Journal of the American Oriental Society, Jul. - Sep., 1993, vol. 113, no. 3, p. 461-46

al-Ṭabarsī, Abū `Alī (d.              )

  • Ihtijaj = al-Iḥtijāj.  2 vols. In 1.  Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī. 1403/1983.

al-Ṭabaṭabā’ī, Sayyid Muḥammad Mahdī (= Baḥr al-`ulūm) (d. 1212/1797)

  • al-Rijal = Rijāl al-Sayyid Baḥr al-`ulūm al-ma`rūf bi’l-fawā’id al-rijāliyya.  Najaf: Maktabat al-`Alamī  al-Ṭūsī wa’l-Baḥr al-`ulūm, n.d.

al-Tabrīzī, Muhammad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Khaṭīb (d.                            )

  • Mishkat = Mishkat al-maṣābīḥ.  3vols.  Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islām.1405/1985.
  • tr. J. Robson 2 vols. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf. 1405/1985

Takim, Liyakat A. 

  • `From Bidʿa to Sunna: The Wilāya of ʿAlī in the Shīʿī Adhān’ Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 120, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 2000), pp. 166-177

Tha`labī, Abū Isḥāq Aḥmad b. Muhammad al-Nīsābūrī,

  • Qisas = Arā’is al-majālis qiṣaṣ al-`anbiyā’ . [Cairo, 1374/1955 =] rep.  Beirut: Dār al-Qalam,

Tehrānī, Āqā Buzurg (XXXX-XXXX),    

  • Dhari`a = al-Dharī`a ilā taṣānif al-shī`a.  26 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā’, 1403/1983.

Tibrīzī, Muhammad Zāmān b. Kalb `Alī,

  • Fara’id = Farā’id al-fawā’id  dār aḥwal-i Madāris va masājid. ed. Rasūl Ja`fariyān. Tehran: Iḥyā’-i Kitāb, 1415/1995. 

Thackston Jr, W. M.

  • 1978 The Tales of the Prophets of al-Kisa'i.  Boston:Twayne Publishers.

Thomas, David.

  • 1988 `Two Muslim Christian Debates From the Early Shī`ite  Tradition, JSS 38 : 53-80.

Thomas, David, trans. and ed.

  • 1992 Anti-Christian Polemic in Early Islam.  Cambridge: CUP.

Thomas, Kenneth J. et. al.

  • `Bible.’  EIr. 4: 199-214.

Toorn. C. (et. al.) (eds.)

  • DDD = Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1995 (2nd ed. 1999).

Torrey, Charles Cutler (XXXX-XXXX)

  • The Jewish foundation of Islam.  New York, KTAV  Pub. House c. 1968.

Tov, Emanuel.

  • 1992 Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: Fortress Press+ Maastrict : Van Gorcum.
  • 1997 `The Scribes of the Texts found in the Judaen Desert’ in Evans and Talmon ed. 1997, pp. 132-152.
  • 2002 `The Biblical Texts from the Judaean Desert – an Overview and Analysis of the Published Texts’, in Herbert and Tov ed. 2002 pp. 139-166.

Tucker, W.T.

  • `Rebels and Gnostics: al-Muīra ibn Sā`īd and the Muhīriyya’ Arabica vol. 22, 33-47.

Tunukābunī, Muḥammad ibn Sulaymān (d.                          )

  • Qiṣas al-`ulamā.  Tehran: Kitābfurūshī-i `Ilmiyyih-i Islāmiyyih, N.d.

al-Ṭūsī,  Abī Ja`far  Muhammad ibn al-Ḥasan = al-Shaykh al-Tā’ifa (d. 460/1067)

  • Tafsir = al-Tibyan fi al-tafsir al-Qur’an.
  • Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (The Rectification of Judgments). One vol. ed. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī l’l-Maṭbū`at, 1426/2005.
  • Al-Istibṣār  fī-mā  ikhtilaf  min al-akhbār (“The Clarification regarding that over which there are diffwerences respecting the Traditions” ). One vol. ed. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī l’l-Maṭbū`at, 1426/2005.

Umm al-Kitāb (“The Archetypal [Mother] Book”)

  • Add
  • Umm al-Kitāb  1936 Ed. W. Ivanow. Der Islam 23 (1936): 1-112
  • Umm al-Kitāb 1966 Trans. P.  Filliopani Ronconi. Naples, 1966

Vajda, G.

  • 1941-45 = `Deux “Histoires de Prophtes” selon la tradition des Shi’ites duodécimains.’  Revue des etudes juives 106: 124-133.
  • 1943-5 Melchisédec dans la Mythologie ismaélienne  Journal Asiatique  234:173-183
  • 1981 `De Quelques emprints d’origine juive hans le ḥadīth Shi`ite’ in Goitein (ed).             1981.

Vambery, Armin.

  • 1892 `Review of Browne’s edition and translation of AB*’s Traveller’s Narrative (Maqāli-yi shakhs-i sayyāḥ), in The Academy.  March 12, 1929 (no.1036), 215-6

Van Koningsveld, P. S.

J. Sadan and Q. al-Samarrai

1990               Yemenite Authorities and Jewish Messianism.  Leiden: Leiden University, Faculty of Theology. 

Walbridge, John.

  • 2000 The Leaven of the Ancients: Suhrawardī and the Heritage of the Greeks.  New York: SUNY.

Walī-Allāh, Shāh Dihlavī (XXXX-1176= XXXX-XXXX).

  • Ḥujjat al-Bāligha … 2 vols. in 1 Beirūt: Dar al-Ma`rifa, n.d.  Walker, Paul.
  • 1994 The Wellsprings of Wisdom.  Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  • 1996 Abu Ya`qub al-Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary.  London: I. B. Tauris.
  • 1999 Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī: Ismaili Thought in the Age of al-Ḥākim.  London: I. B. Tauris.

Waardenburg, J.

  • 1999 (ed)  Muslim Perceptions of Other Religions.   OUP.

Wahb Ibn Munabbih, `Abh `Abd-Allah (d. c. 110/728 or 114/732)

  • Sirat al-Nabi (Life of the Prophet) [lost?]
  • Kitab al-Isra‘iliyyat [largely lost ?]
  • Maghazi Rasul Allah (The Military Expeditions of the Prophet of God)
  • Kitab al-Qadr.
  • Kitab al-muluk … min Himyar (The Book of the Himyarite Kings…), extant in the recension of  Ibn Hisham known as Kitab al-Tijan fi muluk al-Himyar (The Book of the crowned Kings of the Himyarites)

Wasserstrom, S. M.

  • 1994 `Jewish Pseudepigrapha in Muslim Literature: A Biographical and Methodological Sketch’ in Reeves ed., 87-114... 
  • 1994 [IOS] “The Šhī`īs are the Jews of our Community”, IOS XIV (1994). Leiden: Brill.
  • 1995 Between Muslim and Jew: the problem of symbiosis under early Islam.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.
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  • See for the full text
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Ziyārat al-`Arba`īnà Ja`far al-Sādiq.