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Bābī-Bahā’ī Studies, Islamo-Biblica and Beyond


Dr. Stephen N. Lambden

Stephen N. Lambden, UCMerced.

In progress and being reorganized. Last updated 11-02-2022.



Jesus and Christian origins

Islamic Origins and Cyclic Schemata.

Central Figures and Successors of the Baha'i Religion after 1892 CE.


  • The Baha'i Religion, Hinduism and the Hindu sacred writings: Some Introductory Notes.
  • The Baha'i Religion, Zoroastrianism and Zoroastrian sacred writings : Some Introductory Notes.
  • Zoroastrian Eschatology, Apocalyptic and Messianism : Some Notes on Babi-Baha;i Fulfillments.
  • The Baha'i Religion, Judaism and the Hebrew Bible: Some Introductory Notes.
  • The Baha'i Religion, Jewish messianisms and Notes on Babi-Baha'i Fulfillments.
  • The Baha'i Religion, Christianity and the New Testament: Some Introductory Notes.
  • The Baha'i Religion,  Christianity and Christian Doctrines.
  • The Babi-Baha'i view of the Bible : An annotated Compilation.
  • The Baha'i  Interpretations of the Bible : An annotated Compilation.
  • The Baha'i Christology, Some Introductory Notes.
  • The Babi-Baha'i Relgons, Islam Muhammad, Islam and the Qur'an, Some Introductory Notes,
  • The Babi-Baha'i view of the Prophet Muhammad.
  • The Babi-Baha'i view of the Qur'an and Hadith.


الاسم الاعظم

Biblical, Jewish, Christian, Islamic and Babi-Baha'i views of the Mightiest or Greatest Name of God.

بهاء الدين محمد بن حسين عاملي

Bahā' al-Dīn al-`Āmilī = Shaykh Bahā'ī

Muḥammad ibn ʻIzz al-Dīn Ḥusayn ibn ʻAbd al-Ṣamad al-`Āmilī al-Jubā'ī, (b. 953-1030 AH = 1547-1621 CE) on the Mightiest Name of God. 

در رموز اسم اعظم  

Dar rumūz-i ism-i a`ẓam

("On the Secrets of the Mightiest Name [of God]") trans. Stephen Lambden revised 2016. Beta version : PDf. Dar Rumuz.pdf


The Motif of the Divine theophanic Radiance and its Messianic Associations.

The Word Baha' and its cognates in Abrahamic and Babi-Baha'i Literatures.


  • The Voice of God and the Supreme Pen:  Some Aspects of the `Letters to Kings and Rulers' of  Muhammad, the Bab (d. 1850) and Baha'-Allah (d. 1892). Early Incomplete Web1 Recension PDf. Voice of God.pdf

  • Alleged Letters of Jesus addressed to Rulers
  • Letters ascribed to Muhammad addressed to the Kings and rulers of his day.
  • Letters of the Bab addressed to the kings and rulers of his day
  • Letters of Baha'-Allah addressed to the kings and rulers of his day.

خَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ

  • The Bābī  Bahā’ī transcendence of  khātamiyya  (Q.33:40b), the "finality" of prophethood. khatamiyya.pdf

  • Shi`i and Babi-Baha'i Imamology: Some introductory Notes on the Twelver Imams and traditions attributed to them in Shi`i and Babi-Baha'i scriptural sources. Presented at the Irfan Colloquia Session #109 (English), Bosch Bahá'í School: Santa Cruz, California, USA May 16–20, 2012.
  • Abstract
  • The Bābī-Baha’i Demythologization of Shī`ī messianism: On the question of the reality of the twelfth Imam, Muhammad al-Mahdi, the  alleged son of  the 11th Imam, Ḥasan al-`Askarī   (d. 260/874) and Narjis Khanum.

  • "The Messianic Roots of Babi-Baha’i Globalism.” in Margit Warburg et al. eds.  Baha'i and Globalisation.  RENNER (Research Network on New Religions) and the University of Copenhagen, Departments of Sociology and the History of Religions (August 21-24, 2001), 2005. PDf. Messianic Roots.pdf

  • Some Notes upon the Bābī and Bahā'ī Interpretations of portions of the Qur'ānic Sūrat al-Kahf (Surah of the Cave), Q. 18.


No Veiling Save Light : 

Some aspects of Abrahamic and Bābī-Bahā'ī theological-aesthetics


Some Aspects of Angelology, Light, and Throne-Color Mysticism in Bābī and Bahā'ī Scripture.




Alchemy: An Encyclopedia article

Alchemical Gnosis in Bābī-Bahā'ī Scripture



World Religions and Babi-Baha'i Concepts of Wisdom

Dimensions of Bahā’ī  Soteriology: Some Notes on the Bahā’ī theology of the Salvific and Redemptive role of Bahā'-Allāh.

The Epistemology of `Abdu'l-Bahā and the Four Criterion of Truth

مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى

A Scriptural Tablet of `Abd al-Bahā' commenting upon Qur'an 53:11:

"The inmost heart (al-fū'ād) lieth not about what it envisions". 


19th cent. View of Acre and Mt.Carmel.

Palestine-Israel,  Western Galilee,

  • Acre (Akko = `Akka')
  • Haifa, Mount Carnel...  

Thomas K. Cheyne (1841-1915),

Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1841-1915)


Frances E. Godfrey (1844-1907),  

The first wide of Thomas K. Cheyne and the third daughter of the Revd D. R. Godfrey, fellow of Queen's College, Oxford,

  • Some Biographical Notes ...

Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne (1860-1931). 

The Poetess Elizabeth Gibson Chyene (1869-1931).

The first wife of TKC was Frances E. Godfrey (1844-1907), the third daughter of the Revd D. R. Godfrey, fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, and rector of Stow, Norfolk, whom he married on 31st January 1882. His second wife was the poetess Elizabeth Gibson Cheyne (1869-1931) daughter of John Pattinson Gibson (a chemist of Hexham) whom he married (aged 69) on August 28th [19th] 1911 about four years after the death of his first wife. Elizabeth Gibson was the sister of the `War Poet'  Wilfred Wilson Gibson (b. Hexham 1878-1962). Both  of T.K. Cheyne's marriages were childless.