Skip to content Skip to navigation

Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā Suhrawardī - Bibliography II

Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā Suhrawardī  (549/ 587 AH = 1154-1191 CE),

Mausoleum of the Shaykh al-Ishrāq...

Suhrawardī = Shihāb al-Dīn `Abū al-Futūḥ Yaḥyā  ibn Ḥabash ibn Amīrak Suhrawardī (executed,  587/1191).

Stephen N. Lambden

2016-7 - In progress

Now being corrected and updated from the 2009 versions :


General Secondary Sources and Studies on Sunrawardi and Ishraqi Thought.

"The best rigorous modern philosophical study of the Illuminationist tradition and its successors is Toshihiko Izutsu, The Concept and Reality of Existence (Studies in the Humanities and Social Relations; Tokyo: Keio Institute of Cultural and Linguistic Studies, 1971); though it is mainly concerned with the nineteenth-century philosopher Sabziwari, it deals with the whole earlier ontological tradition. On Suhrawardi specifically, see my The Science of Mystic Lights and Ziai, Knowledge and Illumination [1990]; idem, "Shihāb al-Dĩn Suhrawardi," "The Illuminationist Tradition," and "Mullā Sadra: His Life and Works," in Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman, eds., History of Islamic Philosophy (Routledge History of World Philosophies 1:1; London: Routledge, 1996), 434—96, 643-62. Older works from a philosophical perspective include Muhammad Iqbal, The Development of Metaphysics in Persia (Lahore: Bazm-Iqbal, 1959 [1908]), 96-116; A. Dānā-Sirisht, Khulāsa-i Afkār-i Suhrawardi wa Mullā Sadra (Tehran, 1934); Muhammad-'Alī Abu Rayyan, Usûl al-Falsafa al-Ishrãqtya (Beirut: Dar al-Ţalaba al-'Arab, 1969), and idem, "al-Ishraqïya Madrasa Aflaţunlya Islamĩya: Munaqashat Qadĩyat al-Maşdar al-īrānī," in Ibrahim Madkūr, ed., al-Kitāb al-Tidhkārī: Shaykh al-lshraq Shihāb al-Dln al-Suhrawardï (al-Mak֊ taba al-'Arabĩya 159; Cairo: Wizarat al-Thaqafa, 1394/1974), 37-62. There are, of course, many more articles" (Walbridge, 2000: 232).

Abū Rayyān, Muhammad-'Ali.

  • Uṣūl al-Falsafa al-Ishrāqlīa. Beirut: Dar al-Ţalaba al-'Arab, 1969.
  • "Kayf Ubīh Dam al-Suhrawardî al-Ishrāqī." al-Thaqafa 702 (16 Ramadan 1371/9 June 1952).

Aminrazavi, Mehdi.,

  • "Suhrawardi's metaphysics of illumination," Hamdard Islamicus 15 1992), pp. 19-36.

  • Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination, Richmond, Surrey, Curzon Press, 1997.

  • `How Ibn Sinian is Suhrawardi's Theory of Knowledge' in Philosophy East & West 53/2 (April 2003), 203-214.

  • "The Significance of Suhrawardĩ's Persian Sufi Writings in the Philosophy of Illumination." In Leonard Lewisohn, ed. Classical Persian Sufism: From its Origins to Rumi. London: Khaniqahi Nimatullahi Publications, 1993. Pp. 259-83.

  • Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination. Curzon Sufi Series. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1996.

Ashtiyānī, Jalāl al-Dīn (ed.)

  • Consciousness and reality : studies in memory of Toshihiko Izutsu (= Islamic philosophy, theology, and science, v. 38.), Leiden: Brill, 2000.

     Islamic resurgence / Al-Wāqidī, the orientalists and apologetics -- The Quranic commentaries of Mullā Ṣadrā / The meaning and experience of happiness in Islām / Danishnamah-i Maysari, the oldest medical compendium in Persian verse / Why decline of Buddhism took place in India? / The paradise garden paradigm / The Pīr-Murīd relationship in the thought of āyn al-Qūdāt Hamadānī / Refiguring postmodern times / In the gardens : a psychological memoir / Legacy of the prophetic experience in Judaism / Avatars japonais de l'ascension d'Alexandre / Ibn ārabi's conception of God's universal mercy : the chapter on Zakariyya* in the Fusus al-Hikam / The unique Arabic manuscript of Aristotle's Ars Rhetorica and its two editions published to date by `Abdurraḥmān Badawī and by M[alcolm] C. Lyons / On the originality of "Izutsu" oriental philosophy / Le soufisme entre Louis Massignon et Henry Corbin -- Christian Jambet -- La révélation coranique et la gnose islamique / Hallāj in the Sawānih of Ahmad Ghazālī / An essay on "creatio ex nihilo" / The structure of consciousness in Sankara's philosophy / On Sufi psychology : a debate between the soul and the spirit / Unity of ontology and epistemology in Qai*sariī's philosophy / āzīz-i Nasafi* and the essence-existence debate / La voie de Hallâj et la voie d'Ibn ārabī / Suhrawardi, philosopher or mystic : golden triangle of his worldview / Bibliography of Toshihiko Izutsu's writings -- Appendix : Catalogue of lithographed books of Iran in the Library of Toshihiko Izutsu /

Burnet, J.,

  • "The Socratic Doctrine of the Soul." Proceedings of the British Academic 7 (1915-1916).

    Bylebly, Michael,

  • ' The Wisdom of Illumination: A Study of the Prose Stories of Suhrawardi.'.  Ph.D. Diss, University of Chicago, 1976.

Carra de Vaux.

  •  "La philosophie illuminative d'après Suhrawardi Maqtul." Journal Asiatique 19 (1902): 63-94.

Corbin, Henry,

  • Suhrawardï d՝Mep: fondateur de la doctrine illuminative. Paris: G. P. Maisonneuve, 1939.

  • "Rawabit-i hikmat-i ishraq wa falsafa-yi Iran-i bastan." Majillayah-yi anjuman-i Iran shinast, no. 3 (1946): 34ff.

  • Suhrawardi d'Alep : fondateur de la doctrine illuminative (Publications de la Societâe des `etudes iraniennes ; no. 16) Paris: G.-P. Maisonneuve, 1939 (45pp.).

  • Les motifs zoroastriens dans la philosophie de Sohrawardāi, Shaykh-ol-Ishraq (ob. 587/1191), (= Publications de la Societe d'Iranologie ; no.3) Tehran: Editions du Courrier , 1946. (56 [8]pp.).

  • Les Motifs zoroastriens dans la philosophie de Sohravardī. Publications de la Société d'Iranologie 3. Tehran: du Courrier, 1946.

  • Sohrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā..' in P. Edwards ed. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy  (ADD 1967) vol. 7 pp. 486-7.

  • Avicenne et le recit visionare, Tehran: Societe  des Monuments Nationaux 1954 = trans. W. R. Trask, Avicenna and the Visionary Recital. Bollingen Series 66 , New York Pantheon, 1960.

  • En Islam iranien, 4 volumes, Paris: Gallimard, 1971.

  • L'Archange empourpré: Quinze traités et récits mystiques traduits du persan et de l'arabe. Paris: Fayard, 1976.

  • En Islam iranien. 4 vols. Vol. 2, Sohravardī et les Platoniciens de Perse. Paris: Gallimard, 1971-72.

  • History of Islamic Philosophy. Trans. Liadain Sherrard. London: Kegan Paul International, 1993.

  • Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth. Translated by Nancy Pearson. Bollingen Series no. 91:2. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.

Corbin, H. and Paul Kraus,

  •  "Traitée du bruissement de l'aile de Gabriel." Journal Asiatique (1935): 1-82.

Charles E. Butterworth and Blake Andrée Kessel. eds.,

  • The Introduction of Arabic philosophy into Europe,  (Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters, 0169-8125; Bd. 39) Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1994

Dabashi, Hamid.

  • Theology of Discontent: The Ideological Foundation of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. New York: New York University Press, 1993.

Dānā-Saresht, Akbar.

  • Kholāse-ye Afkār-e Sohravardī va Mollā Sadrā. Tehran, 1934.
  • Afkār-i Suhrawardi wa Mullā Sadra. Tehran: Tehran University Press, 1939.

 Dīnānī, Ghulām Husayn.

  • Shua'i andisha wa shuhūd dar falsafa-yi Suhrawardi. Tehran: Hikmat Pub., 1985.

Evans, Robert.

  •  "Henry Corbin and Suhrawardi's Angelology." Hamdard Islamicusll, no. 1 (n.d.): 12-20.

Fakhry, Majid.

  • A history of Islamic philosophy. (Studies in Oriental culture. no. 5) New York: Columbia University Press, 1970
  • Philosophy, dogma, and the impact of Greek thought in Islam, . Altershot, Hampshire, Great Britain; Brookfield, Vt., USA: Variorum, 1994 
  • "Al-Suhrawardĩ's Critique of the Muslim Peripatetics (al-Mashshā'ūn)." In Parviz Morewedge, ed. Philosophies of Existence, Ancient and Modern. New York: Fordham University Press, 1982. Reprinted in Fakhry, Philosophy, Dogma, sect. xvii.

Edward J. Jurji

  • S. K. Khatak -  Shihābuddin Suhrawardī Maqtūl Review  in Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 56, No. 4. (Dec., 1936), pp. 516-517.

Halamı, M.M.

  • "Āthār al-Suhrawardi al-maqtul taşnifuha wa khaşa'şuha al-tasawwufiyyāt wa'l-falsafiyyat." Kulĩyat al-ā'dāb 2 (1951): 145-178.

 Habibi, N.

  • Si Risālah äz shaykh-i ishraq. Tehran: Imperial Academy of Philosophy Press, 1975.

Ha'iri, Mehdi, Y.

  • (trans. + comm. )`Suhrawardi's An Episode and a Trance: A Philosophical Dialogue in Mystical State' in Morewedge, Parviz (.ed.) Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism. Delmar, New York: Caravan Books 1981[Rep. 1997] pp. 177-189.
  • The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy: Knowledge by Presence. New York: SUNY Press, 1992.

Harawi, Ahmad ibn.

  • Anwariyyah. Tehran: Amir Kabir Press, 1980.

Harawī, Muhammad-Sharif b. Nizâm ai-Din b.

  • `Anwārîya: Tarjuma wa-Sharh-i Hikmat al-Ishraq-i Suhrawardî'. Ed. Hossein Ziai.Markaz-i Ïranï-yi Mutāla'a-yi Farhanghā, Majmũ'a-yi Mutāla'āt-i Islāmī 3. Tehran: Amīr Kabir, 1358/1980.

Horten, M.

  • Dle Philosophie der Erleuchtung nach Suhrawardi (1191). Abhanlun-gen zur Philosophie und ihrer Geschichte 38. Halle: Strauss and Cramer, 1912. Reprinted Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1981.

Ibrāhīmī Dīnānī, Ghulām-Husayn. 

  • Shu'ā`֊i Andīsha wa-Shuhūd dar Falsafa-yi Suhrawardî. [Tehran]: Hikmat, 1985.

Ibn Kammūna, Sa`d ibn Manṣūr (d.638/1284). Jewish thinker of Baghdad

See full size image




See Routledge HIP 1:484-496.

  • Sharh al-Talwīhāt al-lawhiyya  wa al-‘Arshiyya.  3 vols. ed. Dr. Najaf Qoli Habibi, Tehran: Miras-i Maktub, 2009.
  • al-Jadid fi al-Ḥikma ("The New Philosophy").

  • Sa’d b. Mansûr ibn Kammûna’s examination of the inquiries into the Three Faiths. A thirteenth-century essay in comparative religion (= University of California Publications, Near Eastern Studies, 6). Ed. Moshe Perlmann. Berkeley 1967 (xii, 119pp.)
  • al-Talwīḥāt
  • Al-Tanqīhāt fi Sharḥ al-Talwīhāt: Refinement and Commentary on Suhrawardi’s Intimations, A Thirteenth Century Text on Natural Philosophy and Psychology, Ibn Kammuna, critical edition, with introduction and analysis by Hossein Ziai and Ahmed Alwishah, Bibliotheca Iranica, Intellectual Traditions Series, No.9, Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2003, ISBN 1-568-59106-3, ix + 48 + 490 pp.

"The present work is a critical edition of the section on physics of a large commentary on the Talwihat or Intimations, one of Suhrawardi’s so-called “Peripatetic” works written in the conventional style of Ibn Sina. Its metaphysical section was included in Corbin’s edition of Suhrawardi’s works, but, so far as I know, the physical portion has never been published. The present work is probably the most significant published text dealing with the physical doctrines of the early Illuminationist school; it is certainly the largest..." John Walbridge from the review in Iranian Studies 38/3 (Sept. 2005),  520-1.

  • Sharh al-Talwihat..  al-Tanqihat fi Sharh al-Talwihat, edited with Introduction and notes by H. Ziai and A. Alwishah. Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, 2004.

  • al-Jadīd fi'l-Ḥikmah


Schmidtke, Sabine 

  • "Studies on Sa'd b. Mansūr ibn Kammūna (d. 683/1284): Beginnings, Achievements, Perspectives," Persica 19 (2003), pp. 107-123,

Tzvi Langermann, Y.

  • "Ibn Kammūna and the 'New Wisdom' of the Thirteenth Centūry," Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 15 (2005), 277-327.
  • `Ibn Kammūna at Aleppo' JRAS, Series 3, 17/1 (2007), 1-19. 


Izutsu, Toshihiko.

  • Ishraqiyah' in M.  Eliade ed. The Encyclopedia of Religions vol. ADD : 296-301.

 Jurjï, E. J.

  • "The Ishraqi Revival of al-Suhrawardi." Journal of the American Oriental Society 60 (1940): 90-94.

Imam, Kazim S. M.

  • Falsafah dar Iran-i bastan wa mabāní-yi hikmat-i ishraq. Tehran: Nourani Found., 1974.

Kuşpinar, Bilal.

  • Ismā'll Ankaravĩ on the Illuminative Philosophy. Kuala Lumpur: International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 1996.

Masood Ali Khan and S. Ram.

  • Sufism and Suhrawardi Order/edited by Masood Ali Khan and S. Ram. New Delhi, Anmol, 2003, x, 368 p., ISBN 81-261-1373-1. [Encyclopaedia of Sufism Series]

Contents: Preface. 1. Early Sufis-I. 2. Early Sufis-II. 3. ‘Abd Al-Qadir Jilani and Shihab Al-Din Suhrawardi. 4. Shihab Al-Din Suhrawardi Maqtul. 5. Suhrawardi and the illuminationists. 6. Ibn ‘Arabi. 7. Ibn ‘Arabi and the Sufis. 8. The life of Ibn ‘Arabi. 9. Ibn ‘Arabi and Islamic philosophy. 10. The nature of Ibn ‘Arabi’s doctrine. 11. Themes in Ibn ‘Arabi’s philosophy. 12. Ibn Arabi’s texts. 13. A selection from Tarjumanu al-Ashwaq. 14. Syedna Hazrat Hafiz Haji Warris Ali Shah of Deva-Sharif. 15. Hazrat Taj-ul-Aulia Baba Syed Mohammad Chisti Sabri Qalandar Nagpuri. 16. Hazrat Syed Hafiz Haji Shah Sheikh Farid Ganjshakr Baba Sahib Masood Al-Alameen, Qutub-e-Alam, Sultan-Al-Mashaik. 17. The Suhrawardi Order. 18. The sub-divisions of the Suhrawardi Order. 19. Suhrawardi and the being of light philosophy of Ishraq. 20. Shaikhul Mashaikh Hazrat Makhdum Ghazi Shaikh Jalaluddin Mujjarad Suharwardy Yemani Sylheti. 21. Hazrat Bu-Ali Shah Sharfuddin Qalandar. 22. Hazrat Syedna Makhdoom Ahmed Ali Alauddin Sabr Kalyari. 23. Al-Ghazzali with special reference to his inner development. 24. The relation of knowledge and morality in the ethical system of Al-Ghazzali. 25. An exposition of Al Ghazzali’s views on the problem of the freedom of the will. 26. Suhrawardi Maqtul’s philosophical position according to the works of his youth. Bibliography. Index.

Macuch, Rudolf,

  • Greek and Oriental Sources of Avicenns's and Sohrawardi's Theosophies' in Graeco-Arabica vol.2 (1983) pp. 10-22.

Mo’in, Muhammad,

  • (1955). هًوَرقْلَيَا [Havaqalya] in Majalla-i Daneshkhada-i Adabiyyat, VI (1333 Sh.), 78-105.

Morewedge, Parviz (.ed.)

  • Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism.  Delmar, New York: Caravan Books 1981+ Rep. 1997.
  • Neoplatonism and Islamic thought. (Studies in neoplatonism; v. 5) Albany: State University of New York Press, c 1992

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein.

  • Three Muslim Sages. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.
  • "Suhrawardî" In A History of Muslim Philosophy, ed. M.M. Sharif. l :372-98.
  • and Leaman, Oliver, eds. History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge History of World Philosophies 1.1. London: Routledge, 1996.
  • Three Muslim sages : Avicenna, Suhrawardī, Ibn Arabī, Delmar, N.Y.: Caravan Books, 1976. Reprint of the 1969 ed. published by Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  • "The Illuministic Suns." Journal of the American Oriental Society 57 (1973): 99-101.
  •  "Mufassir-i 'ālarn-i ghurbat wa shahid-i ţarîq-i ma'ārifat." Ma'ārif-i islam։ 10 (Nov. 1970): p. 8-19.
  • "Nukātī chand dar bāra-yi shaykh-i ishrāq." Ma'arif-i islami, n.s. l (Sep. 1967): 16-18.
  •  "The Relationship Between Sufism and Philosophy in Persian Culture," Hamdard Islamicus 6, no. 4 (1983): 33-47.
  • "Spiritual Movements, Philosophy and Theology in the Safavid Period." In Vol. 4, History of Iran. Edited by R.N. Fry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.
  • "The Spread of the Illuminationist School of Suhrawardi," Islamic Quarterly 14 (1970): 111-121.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman eds.,  

  • History of Islamic philosophy, (Routledge history of world philosophies; v. 1) London; New York: Routledge, 1996

Netton, lan Richard.

  • Allah Transcendent: Studies in the Structure and Semiotics of Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Cosmology. Exeter Arabic and Islamic Series 5. New York: Routledge, 1989.

Otto Spies,

  • Three Treatises on Mysticism by Shihābuddin Suhrawerdī Maqtūl ;

Razavi, Mehdi Amin.

  • Suhrawardi and the school of illumination. Curzon Sufi series. Richmond: Curzon Press, 1997.

Schmidtke, Sabine.

  • The Doctrine of the Transmigration of the Soul According to  Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī,( killed 587/1191) and his Followers' in Studia Iranica 28 (1999), 237-254.

Sharif, M. M. ed.

  • A history of Muslim philosophy. with short accounts of other disciplines and the modern renaissance in Muslim lands. Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz, 1963-66

Rizvi, Sajjad.

  • `Roots of an Aporia in Later Islamic Philosophy: The Existence-Essence Distinction in the Metaphysics of Avicenna and Suhrawardi' in Studia Iranica 29 (2000) 61-108. 

  • `An Islamic Subversion of the Existence-Essence Distinction? Suhrawardi's visionary Hierarchy of Lights'  in Asian Philosophy Vol. 9 Issue 3, (Nov 1999), 219-228.

  • ABSTRACT The distinction between existence and essence in contingent beings is one of the foundational doctrines of medieval philosophy. Building upon Neoplatonic precursors, thinkers such as Avicenna and Aquinas debated its nature. However, one Islamic philosopher, who had an enormous influence on the development of philosophical discourse in Iran, subverted the traditional Peripatetic vision of reality and disputed the ontological nature of existence. Through a critique of the Peripatetic notion of existence, Suhrawardi demonstrated the irrelevance of the distinction for metaphysical inquiry, which should, instead, rely upon an eidetic vision of the `hierarchy of lights' I shall explain why the later tradition advocated an essentialist (mis)reading of Suhrawardi and suggest that the Platonic hermeneutic of essential vision which Suhrawardi expounds, might be the reason for it. Later philosophers in the Islamic tradition had mistaken methodology for a description of reality [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Sajjadi, Sayyid Ja`far,

  • Sharh Rasa'il Farsi Suhrawardi,  Tehran: ADD 1376/1997.

  • Shihāb al-Din Suhrawardi wa sayri darfaLsafah-yi ishraq. Tehran: Falsafah Press, 1984.

Sharaf, Muhammad Jalal Abū'l-Futūh.

  • al-Madhhab al-lshrāqĩ bayn al-Falsafa wa'l-Dîn fı'l-Fikr al-Islaml. al-Maktaba al-Falsafĩya. Cairo: Dar al-Ma'ārif, 1972.

Tabātabā'ī, Muhammad Husayn,

  • Usūl-i falsafah wa rawish-i ri'ālism, Murtadā Muţahhari, 5 vol., Qum 1350/1972.

Tehrani Kāzim.

  • "Mystical Symbolism in Four Treatises of Suhrawardi." Ph.D. Diss., Columbia University, 1974.

  • `The Roleof the Sage in the works of Suhrawardi' in Morewedge ed. = Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism. Delmar, New York: Caravan Books 1981[1997] pp. 191-205.

Thackston, W. M.

  • Mystical and Visionary Treatise of Suhrawardi. London: Octagon Press, 1982.

  • The Philosophical Allegories and Mystical Treatises, (Persian+ English text) ed. & tr. W. M. Thackston. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Pub. 1999.

Tuft, Anthony.

  • Symbolism and Speculation in in Suhrawardi's, The Song of Gavriels's Wing' in Morewedge ed. = Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism. Delmar, New York: Caravan Books 1981[1997] pp. 207-221.

Tzvi Langermann, Y. 

  • "Saving the Soul by Knowing the Soul: A Medieval Yemeni Interpretation of Song of Songs,"  in Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 12 (2003), 147-166. This article contains "some preliminary remarks on the reception of Ishraqism in Jewish circles, especially with reference to Maimonides and medieval Yemen". 

Walbridge, John

  • The science of mystic lights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1992.*
  •  The Leaven of the Ancients. New York: SUNY Press, 2000. *

  • The Wisdom of the mystic East: Suhrawardi and Platonic Orientalism  Albany: State University of New York Press, c 2001 (170pp.).*
  • "Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr: An Introduction to His Philosophy." In Linda Walbridge, Most Learned.
  •  "A Persian Gulf in the Sea of Lights: The Chapter on Nau-Rūz in the Bihar al-Anwar, " Iran 35 (1997): 83-92. *
  • "The Political Thought of Quţb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī," in Butterworth, Political Aspects, pp. 345-78. *
  • The Science of Mystic Lights: Qutb al-Din Shirazi and the Illuminationist Tradition in Islamic Philosophy. Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs 26. Cambridge: Harvard Center for Middle Eastern Studies, 1992. *
  • "Suhrawardi, a Twelfth Century Muslim Neo-Stoic?" Journal of the History of Philosophy 34.4 (Oct. 1996): 515-33.*
  • The Wisdom of the Mystic East: Suhrawardi and Platonic Orientalism. SUNY Series in Islam. Albany: State University of New York Press, forthcoming.
  • `Suhrawardi and Illuminationalism' Ch. 10 (pp.201-223) in Peter Adamson and Richard C. Taylor (eds.) The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge:  Cambridge Univ. Press 2005. *

 Webb, G.

  • The Human /Angelic Relation in the Philosophies of Suhrawardi and Ibn 'Arabi. Ph.D. Diss., Temple Univ., 1989.

Yazdi, Mehdi Hā'irí.

  • The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy: Knowledge by Presence. With a forward by S.H. Naşr. New York: SUNY
    Press, 1992.

Ziai, Hossein.

  • "Suhrawardi's Philosophy of Illumination." Ph.D. Diss., Harvard University, 1976.

  • "The Manuscript of al-Shajara al-llahïya. " Iranshenasi 2.1 (Spring 1990): 89-108.

  • Knowledge and Illumination. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990.

  • Knowledge and illumination (= Brown Judaic Studies Np. 97), Atlanta, GA,:  Scholars Press, 1990.
  • Knowledge and Illumination: A Study of Sohravardi's Hikmat al-Ishrăq, Atlanta, 1990Ե.
  • "Beyond Illumination: Suhrawardi's Illuminationist Path to Wisdom." In Frank E. Reynolds and David Tracy, eds. Myth and Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990.
  • "Beyond Illumination: Suhrawardi's Illuminationist Path to Wisdom." In Frank E. Reynolds and David Tracy, eds. Myth and Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990.
  • "Mošāheda. raveš֊e ešraq, wa zabān-e še'r," Irān-nāmailran Nameh 8/1, Winter 1990e, pp. 81-94.
  • "The Manuscript of al-Sajara al-elahiya, a Philosophical Encyclopedia by Šams-al-Din Šahrazuri." Iranšenasillranshenasi 2/1, Spring 1990d, pp. 89-108.

  • "Sohravardi wa siāsat." Irān-nāma/Iran Nameh 9/3, Summer 1991. pp. 396-410.

  • `The Source and Nature of Political Authority in Suhrawardi's Philosophy of Illumination' in Aspects of Islamic Political Philosophy, ed. Charles Butterworth. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992), pp. 294-334.

  • "Source and Nature of Authority: A Study of Suhrawardi's Illuminationist Political Doctrine," in The Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy. ed. Charles Butterworth, Cambridge, Mass., 1992a. pp. 304-44.

  • Ta'rifwa mabāni-e šenākt dar f al safa֊ ye ešraq (Definition and the foundations of knowledge in Illuminationist philosophy), section on al-aqwal al-šāreha from the unpublished text al-Masare' wa'l-motãrahãt, in Borhān Ebn Yousef, ed. Jaśn-nama-ye 'Ostad.lawãdMosleh, Los Angeles, 1993. pp. 108-30.

  • "Explaining the Philosophical Meaning of Şadr al-Dīn Shīrāzī's 'Metaphysical Philosophy,' Hikmat-e Mota'aliyeh." Iranshenasi 5.2 (Summer 1993): 354-64.

  • "The Illuminationist Tradition" and "Shihab al-Din Yalıya Suhrawardi," in The Routledge History of Islamic Philosophy, eds. S. H. Nasr and Oliver Leaman, London, 1995, pp. 434-64 and 465-96.

  • `The Illuminationist Tradition" in History of Islamic Philosophy, ed. Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman. pp. 465-96.
  • `Shihab al-Din Suhrawardi: Founder of the Illuminationist School' in History of Islamic Philosophy, ed. Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman.  1996 pp.434-464.

  • "Sūhrawardī," Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd edition, vol. 9 (Leiden, 1997), 782-784
  • "al-Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā  b. Ḥabash b. Amīrak  `Abu al-Futūḥ' in EI2 IX: 782-784.

  • al-Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din." in El2 IX. 1997. pp. 782-84.

  • "Illuminationist Philosophy." in The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy \\. ed. Eduard Graig, London, 1998b, pp. 700-703.
  • Suhrawardi's The Book of Radiance 'forrou• \amehi. a parallel English Persian text. ed. and tr. with introd.. Costa [page 1] Mesa, 1998c.

  • + Ahmad Alwishah, Studies in Medieval Physics: Ibn Kammuna's al-Tanqihatfi Shark al-Talwihat. Costa Mesa. 2003.

  • + John Wal-bridge. The Philosophy of Illumination. English tr. of Suhrawardi's Hekmat al-Ishraq, plus a new critical ed. of the Arabic text, with introd., notes, and glossaries of technical terms, 2000.

  • `Illumationism' in EIr. vol. XII/6-p. 671f+ XIII/1 pp.1-2.