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Tafsīr, Qur'ān Commentary. Alphabetical Listing II

Islamic Tafsīr, Qur'ān Commentary II :

Select Primary and Secondary Sources with occasional academic articles.

Stephen Lambden UC Merced (CA, USA).

IN PROGRESS - Under revision and supplementation 2017-8.

Last uploaded 20-12-2017.

The Web page(s) below are constantly under revision and updating. They will evolve into the bibliography of a forthcoming book about Islamic hermeneutics and Tafsīr  perhaps entitled Dimensions of Tafsīr ("Exegesis") and Ta'wīl ("Eisegesis") in Islamic Qur'ān Commentary, A Literary Survey and Bibliographical Handbook. This book will give special attention to attitudes about exterior (ẓāhir) and interior (bāṭin) dimensions of meaning within diverse approaches to Qur'ān commentary as illustrated within varieties of  Sunnī and Shī`ī Tafsīr and related literatures. It will attempt to give weight to those Islamic traditions (hadith, akhbar) and thinkers which sanction or put forth a deeper level of Qur'ānic understanding that may go beyond the merely literalistic. It will pay attention to those who have treasured both the straightforward senses of the Qur'ān and what might be its inner meanings or deeper senses. Corrections and suggested additions to these Web page(s) would be greatly welcomed - mailto:


The Tafsīr of `Abd al-Razzaq al-Kashānī (d. c. 730/1330).

The Tafsīr commonly printed under Ibn al`Arabi's name is actually the work of his disciple `Abd al-Razzāq al-Kashānī
(d. 730/1330).

  • MS British Library Or. 6351 entitled `Ta'wllat al-Qur'ān' (Timurid period mss.).
  • ADD

Modern printings are often unreliable:

  • Tafsīr al-Shaykh al-Akbar al-`Arif billāh ta`āli al-`allāmah Muhyi al-Din ibn `Arabi. Būlāq : Dar al-Tiba`a. XXXX/1867.
  • Tafsīr : It is included with the al-Kāzarūnī lithograph of his Arā'is al-Bayān fi haqā'iq al-Qur'ān. Lucknow: Maṭba` al-Munshi Nawal Kishur, 1315/1897, 619 + 488pp. See Brockelmann GAL I:527+ Supp. 1:725; Gacek, 1996 No. 10 p. 17.
  • Tafsīr Ibn al-'Arabī, + Tafsīr of Khazin. 4 vols. Cairo: Maimaniyya press 1317/1899. (2+ 360 : 412 : 531 : 478 pp.).
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm, 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Yaqzah al-'Arabiyya, 1387/1967.
  • Tafsir al-Qur'ān al-karim. [Ed. Dār al-Yaqza al-`Arabiyya]. Beirut 1387 / 1968. 2 volumes. (4+11+779 and 2+880 pp).
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm. 2 Vols . Edited by Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, 1399/1978 . *
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-karīm [ Tafsīr Ibn `Arabi on cover ], 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1422/2001.*

Studies of the Ibn `Arabi / al-Kashani Tafsīr
Lory, Pierre

  • `Les commentaires esoteriques du Coran apres 'Abd ar-Razzāq al-Qāshāni'.

Ibn `Atā’ = Taj al-Din Abu'l-Faḍl / Abū'l-`Abbās Ibn `Atā' (d. XXX/XXXX).  

"Editions of separate Qur’an commentaries are available for Ja`far al-Sādiq (Nwyia, 1968a), Nūrī (Nwyia, 1968b), Ibn`Atā’ (Nwyia, 1973, pp. 23–182) and Hallāj (Massignon, 1968, pp. 359–412). These four tafsīrs have been reproduced (with Nwyia’s original French introductions to his editions of the commentaries by Ja`far al-Sādiq and Ibn ‘Atā’ translated into Persian in Pūrjavādī (1369, pp. 1–292). Apart from Nwyia’s edition of the Qur’an commentary by Ibn `Atā’, Richard Gramlich’s monograph (Gramlich, 1995) should be noted. This provides a complete German translation of the Sufi Qur’an commentary attributed to Ibn `Atā’ (pp. 130–317)." (Rostom, Mohammed in `Forms of Gnosis in Sulamī’s Sufi Exegesis of the Fātiha' in Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, vol. 16, No. 4 (2005),  336. fn.4).

  • Tafsir Ibn `Atā’ ed. Nwyia in   `Trois Oeuvres  inedities de mystiques musulamn'. ed. Beirut: XXXX., 1973.

Richard Gramlich 1995

Review by Gerhard Böwering:


Ibn `Atiyya, al-Andalusi  (d. 5XX/ 11XX). 

تفسير ابن عطية    

Ibn Durays, Muhammad b. Ayyüb b. Durays (ADD/ ADD).

    • Fada'il = Fada'il al-Qur'ān, ed. Ghazwa Budayr, Damascus 1988

Ibn Furāt al-Kūfī = Furāt  Ibn Ibrahim ibn Furāt al-Kūfī. (fl. second half of the 3d/9th century).

See Tehrani, al-Dhari`a IV 298 no. 1309; Sezgin, GAS 1:539; Kohlberg 1992:  341. Cited in the Biḥār al-anwār of Majlisī.  

For the author and his Qur'ān exegesis see GAS, 1: 539; Bar-Asher, pp. 37-39; the introduction by Muhammad al-Kāzim to his edition of the Tafsīr Furāt (Tehran, 1410/1990). (I am grateful to Dr. Bar-Asher for drawing my attention to this edition.) Muhammad 'Alî al-Gharawĩ al-Ūrdubādī states in his introduction to the Najaf 1354 edition of the Tafsīr Furāt that it was used by IT in the Yaqm; but it is not mentioned in Y. According to al-Kāzim (introduction, p. 13), no author before al-Majlisī (in the Bihar) is known to have cited from this Tafsīr, with the exception of al-Haskānī in his Shawahid al-tanzīl.

Ibn al-Hawwārī, Muḥammad = Abī al-Ḥawwārī al- ʿUmānī al-Ibāḍī ; taḥqīq Walīd ʿAwjān (ADD/ADD).

Ibn al-Jawzi, Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Faraj 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Abī'l-Ḥusayn `Ali (d. 597/1200). 

Ibn al-Jazarī (d. 833/1429). 

Ibn al-Jazarī, Shams al-Dīn Abū’l-Khayr Muhammad b. Muhammad b. al-Jazarī (ADD/ADD).

al-Jurayrī  =  Abū Sa`īd Abān ibn Taghib ibn Rabāḥ ibn Raba`ī al-Bakrī al-Jurayrī (c. 80-141 AH = c .699? -758 CE).  

Ibn Jurayj = 'Abd al-Malik b. `Abd  al-`Azīz Ibn Jurayj (d. 150/ 767). CHECK

Cited by al-Tabari and al-Tha`labi  as well as Ibn Ṭāwūs who possessed "an excellent copy". See Sezgin GAL 1:91 ?? ; Kohlberg 1992:341-2.

Prominent Kufān Shi`ite who excelled in Arabic grammar, lexicography, Qur'ān commentary and such other emergent Islamic sciences as Ḥadīth scholarship. An authority on the recitation of the Qur'ān, he is said to have been greatly respected by the sixth Imam Ja`far al-Ṣādiq (d.148/765) through whom important Tafsīr traditions were relayed and generated. Some details about him and his writings can be read in Modarressi's erudite Tradition and Survival  (2003) vol. 1: 107-116 which is drawn upon here.

al-Kāshānī [al-Qāshānī], `Abd al-Razzāq  (d. 730/1330). 

An important Persian fīgure in the school of  Ibn al-`Arabi (see above) and the author of around forty fīve Arabic and Persian works including several Arabic writings centered on the allegorical-mystical exegesis of the Qur'ān or portions thereof. He wrote a treatise on the inner meaning of the basmala.

His Tafsīr is commonly printed under Ibn al`Arabi's name -see above

Fayḍ al-Kashānī = Mullā Muḥsin Fayḍ al-Kashānī,  (d.1091/1680). 



Ibn Kathir = 'Imād al-Dīn Abu al-Fida Isma'il ibn 'Urnar ibn Kathīr (701-774 AH =  1302-1373 CE).

ابن كثير، إسماعيل بن عمر




  • Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr, 10 vols. Cairo: Matba'ah al-Miriyya, 1300/1882-3.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 4 vols. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1356/1937.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 4 vols. Cairo: Matba'ah Mustafa Muhammad, 1937/1356..
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 4 vols. Cairo: Matba'ah al-Tajariyya al-Kubra, 1937/1356.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim + Fadā'il al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. Cairo: 1371/1952 (598+598+584+ 576+58 pp.).
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 7 (8) vols. Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, 1385/1966.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm, ed. 'Abd al-'Azīz Ghunaym et al, 8 vols., Cairo 1390/1971. 
  • Tafsir al-Qur'ān. 8 vols. Ed. Muhammad Ibrahim al-Bannā, Muhammad A. `Ashūr & `Abd al-`Aziz Ghunaym. Cairo, n.d. [1970?].
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`Azīm. 7 Vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fīkr, 1389/1970.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm, ed. 'Abd al-'Azīz Ghunaym et al, 8 vols., Cairo 1390/1971 4 vols., Cairo n.d.; repr. Beirut 1980
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, 7 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fīkr. 1389/1970.* - Vol. 7 of this edition has as an appendix Ibn Kathir's Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim, ed. `Ali Muhammad al-Bijawi 2(?) vols. Cairo: Dār Ihya al-Kutub al-`Arabiyya,. 1398/1978.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim 8 vols..ed. Muhammad Ibrahim Banna + Muhammad Aḥmad Ashur + `Abd al-Aziz Ghanim, Istanbul: Dār al-Qahraman lil-Nashruw al-Tawzbi` [Nesreden Kahraman Yayinlaru], 1984.. *
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm... Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1407/1987.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-'azīm... Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1414/1994.
  • Tafsīr al-Qur`ān al-`azīm, ed. Maḥmūd `Abd al-Qādir al-Arnāūt, 5 vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1995.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim 4 vols..ed. Beirut: Ma`assat al-Rayyan, 2nd ed. 1417/1996.
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azim 8 vols..ed. Jiddah+ Beirut: Sharikat Dar al-Qibla/ Dar Ibn Hazm. 1418/1998 (3914pp.).
  •  Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azīm, 1 vol. ed. Beirut : Dār Ibn Ḥazm, 1420 / 2000.*
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azīm, ed. Riyād : Dār al-Salām, 1420/2000. (1536pp.)
  • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-'azīm. 5 vols. [in 1?] Beirut: Dār al-Sadir, 2007.

Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān

  • Kitāb Faḍā'il al-Qur'ān. ed. Abū Ishāq al-Huwaynī al-Atharī. Cairo: Maktabat Ibn Taymīyah ; Jidda : tawzī` Maktabat al-`Ilm, 1416 /1995-6.

URLs On line Texts:

English and other translations.

It s hould be used with caution as most are full of paraphrases, bad translation and omissions.

  • Tafsir Ibn Kathir Urdu. Karachi, 5 vols. c. 1952. Qur'ān text + translation and commentary in Urdu.
  • Tafsīr of the Glorious Qur'ān by the Eminent Imam Abū 'l-fī ḍā' Ismā'il Ibn Kathīr al-Qurashi al-Dimashqi (734 AH/1373 CE). Vol. 12 Eng. trans. Abū Yasmiyn `Abdul Jalil ibn Cary T. fī lson with emmendation by Mohammad A. El-Sheikh. [Baltimore, Maryland] USA: IARA [= Islamic African Relief Agency -USA]., 2000.
  • Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Juz' `Amma, Part 30 trans. Samah Strauch. Revised by Ibrahim M. Kunna and Abū Aya Sulaiman `Abdus-SAbū r. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: IIPH [= International Islamic Publishing House] 1420/1999. (304pp.).
  • Tafsīr Ibn Kathir (Abridged), 10 vols. Abridged by a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh Safī yr Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Riyadh, Houston, New York, London: Darussalam, 2000.
  • The Exegesis Of The Grand Holy Qur'ān/ Tafsīr Ibn Kathir. trans. Muhammad Mahdi al-Sharif. 4 vols. Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2006. 3160pp.
  • L'Exegese du Coran, Ibn Kathir [French trans.] ed. Abdu Harakat. Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2006. 1602pp. ISBN 12-7451-3204-0.

Ibn Khāzin al-Shīhi ( ADD/ADD).


Ibn al-Nadīm, Muhammad ibn Isḥāq, (fl. 987.)

His Fihrist ("Index") contains important  bibliographical data on early Tafsīr works.

XXX Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Shams al-Din = Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr (d. 751/1350).



Hanbali jurist and disciple of Ibn Taymiyya.

  • Al-Tibyan fi Aqsam al-Quran التبيان في أقسام القرآن

Ibn Qutayba, Abī Muhammad 'Abd-Allāh b. Muslim al-Dīnawarī b. Qutayba (d.     /889).



Ibn Salām = Abū  `Ubayd al-Qāsim ibn  Salām [ al-Harawī ](d. 157/224).

Sunnī Hadith  scholar and philologist.

XXX Ibn Shāhīn =   al-Ẓāhiri Ghars al-Din Khalīl Ibn Shāhīn (813- AH = c. 1411-c.1469 CE).  *

See EI2 III:935.

XXX Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muhammad ibn `Alī, Abū Ja`far (d. 588/1192).

Imami Shi`i writer See EI2 III:935 + EIr. ADD.

Ibn Sīrīn, Muhammad (d. XXX/ 728-9).

Major figure in early Islamic dream interpretation.

Ibn Taymiyyah = Taqi al-Din, `Abū 'l-`Abbās Aḥmad ibn `Abd-Allāh al-Halim  (d.728/1328).

Dr. Muhammad Jazbi,

Jane Dammen McAuliffe.

XXX Ibn Wahb =  'Abd-Allāh ibn Wahb  (125/743-197/812) or (742 or 3 - 812 or 13 ).

XXX al-Īmādī, Muhammad ibn Muhammad Abū’l-Su`ūd  (d. 982/1574),

ابو السعود محمد بن محمد

XXX al-Isfahanī, al-Rāghib,  Abū  al-Qasim al-Husayn ibn Muhammad (d. 1108-9)

XXX Jābir ibn Yazid ibn al-Ḥārith al-Ju`fī  (d.128/745-6).

Late `Umayyad period Kufan Shi`ite transmitter of Ḥadīth and a close associate of (the fī fth twelver) Imam Muhammad al-Bāqir (d. c.126/743) to whom a Tafsīr is also attributed (see below). He was much lauded by Shiite extremists and widely viewed as an expert in Tafsīr. He often expressed a pro-`Alid Qur'ānic exegesis-eisegesis. For some details see Modarressi 20003 1:86-103.



XXX Ja'far al-Ṣādiq (d.145/765) - the sixth (twelver) Shī`ī Imam.

An important though little studied major fountainhead of Imami Shī`ī hadith and Tafsīr traditions treasured by Sufī s and others.

"Editions of separate Qur’an commentaries are available for Ja`far al-Sādiq (Nwyia, 1968a), Nūrī (Nwyia, 1968b), Ibn`Atā’ (Nwyia, 1973, pp. 23–182) and Hallāj (Massignon, 1968, pp. 359–412)These four tafsīrs have been reproduced (with Nwyia’s original French introductions to his editions of the commentaries by Ja`far al-Sādiq and Ibn ‘Atā’ translated into Persian) in Pūrjavādī (1369, pp. 1–292)... " (Rostom, Mohammed in `Forms of Gnosis in Sulamī’s Sufi Exegesis of the Fātiha' in Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, Vol. 16, No. 4 (October 2005),  p. 336. fn.4.

Nwyia, Paul,

Zadeh, Ensieh Nasrollahi

  • al-Tafsīr al-Sūfī li'l-Qur'ān `ind al-Ṣādiq... Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, 1979. 272pp.*
  • Kāmil al-Tafsir al-Sufi al-`Irfani li'l-Qur'an. ed Dr. `Ali Za`ur. Paris: Dar al-Bouraq, 272 + iv pp. N.d.*
  • Kitab al-Taqsim fi Ta`bir al-Hulm (Tafsir al-nafsi al-jasadi wa'l-sufi al-akhlaqi lil-hulm wa'l-ramz wa'l-muqaddas. ed Dr. `Ali Za`ur. Paris: Dar al-Bouraq, 2004. 497pp. *

XXX Jalālayn - see Tafsīr  Jalālayn : Jalāl al-Dīn al-al-Suyūṭī  (d.911/1505) + Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad ibn Aḥmad al-Maḥallī (d. 864/1459)  [see al-Suyūṭī  below].

 al-Jami' = al-Gāmī'  (= Die Koranswissenschaften), ed. M. Muranyi, Wiesbaden 1992.

Title page in Arabic: al-Jāmi [fī ‘ulūm al-Qur'ān]. xiii, 289 p. : ill. ; 25 cm Series Quellenstudien zur Hadīt- und Rechtsliteratur in Nordafrika /  Facsimile and transcription of Manuskript Qairawān 224; commentary in German Title on added  Includes bibliographical references (p. [137]-148) and index Subjects Koran -- Early works to 1800 Alt name Muranyi, Miklos Other titles Jāmi‘ (fī ‘ulūm al-Qur'ān) OCLC # 29818080 ISBN 3447032839 *

al‑Jāmī`= `Abd al‑Rahman al‑Jāmī` (d. 898/1492).

Important Naqhshbandi [Khwājagānī] Sufī  poet and theologian of the school of Ibn al-`Arabī. 

I draw below on the Rizvi 2006 article cited below. A critical edition is planned by this writer who has listed 2006: fn 100 the following mss :

Rizvi, Sajjad H.

al-Jili [Gilani], `Abd al-Karim ibn Ibrahim (d  c. 831/1428).

 al‑Jīlī, `Abd al‑Karīm ibn Ibrāhīm al-Jilī (d. c. 899/1428). 

See Brockelmann GAL., II 254-5. Shi`i Sufī  of the school of Ibn al-`Arabi. EI 2  ADD.


Secondary Sources

 Zaydān, Yūsuf,

XXX al-Jubbā'ī = Abu 'Alī al-Jubbā'ī (d. 303/915)

Gimaret, Daniel.

al-Jurayrī =  Abū Sa`īd ibn Taghib ibn Rabāḥ ibn Raba`ī al-Bakrī al-Jurayrī (c. 80/699? - 141/758)


XXX al-Jurjānī  = 'Abd al-Qāhir al-Jurjāni (ADD/ADD).


Ka`bī, Abī al-Qāsim al-Ka`bi  (ADD/ADD).


XXX Kāshifī, Ḥusayn Wā’iz-i (ADD/ADD).

Qur'ān Commentary = Mawāhib-i ’Aliyyah. ADD.

al-Kāshānī [al-Qāshānī], `Abd al-Razzāq  (d. 730/1330)



al-Kāshānī, Fayḍ al-Kashānī = Muhammad ibn Murtadā al-Kāshāni /  Mullā Muḥsin Fayḍ al-Kashānī,  (d.1091/1680).

Fayḍ al-Kashānī = Mullā Muḥsin Fayḍ al-Kashānī,  (d.1091/1680).




Maybudī, Rashīd al-Dīn Abu al-Fadl (d. after 520/1126).

Author of an important ten volume early Persian Tafsīr work.

تفسير كشف الاسرار 

Kashf al-asrār wa`uddat al-abrār = `Tafsir Khwajah `Abd-Allah al-Ansari'. 

رشيدالدين ميبدى 

This ten volume commentary explains the Qur'ānic verses in terms of (1) literal meaning, (2) historical and doctrinal background, and (3) spiritual signifīcance often exposing Sufī teachings as derived from `Abd-Allāh al-Anṣārī of Herat (396-481 AH = 1006-1089 CE), author of the Ṭabaqāt al-ṣūfiyya; Sad Maydan and Manā`zil al-sā'irin.

  • Kashf al-asrār wa`uddat al-abrār [The Unveiling of he Mysteries and the Preparation of the Pious], 10. vols ed. `Alī
  • Asghar Ḥikmat. Tehran: Intishārāt Dānishgāhī, 1952-1960. *


  • نواخوان بزم صاحبدلان : گزيدۀ کشف الاسرار و عدة الابرار   =  Navak̄hvan̄-i bazm-i sạh̄ịbdilan̄ : guzid̄ah-ʼi Kashf alasrar̄ va ʻuddat al-abrar̄. ed. گزينش و گزارش از رضا انزابى نژاد. انزابى نژاد، رضا . Riza̤ Anzab̄iʹ̄nizhad̄. 2nd ed. Tehran̄ : Jam̄i,̄ 1375 / 1997
  • Kashf al-asrār wa`uddat al-abrār 10. vols ed. `Alī Asghar Ḥikmat. Tehran: Mu'asasat Intisharat Kabir: 2008?.

Masarrat, H.

  • Kitāb shenāsī-yi `Abū al-Faḍl Rashīd-al-Dīn Maybudī, Tehran, 1374 Sh./1995.

Keeler, Anabel (Wolfson College, Cambridge).

  • Sufi Hermeneutics, The Qur'ān Commentary of Rashid al-Din Maybudi. Oxford: Oxford Universirty Press, 2007. (416pp.) Published in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2007. 416 pp.

"This is the first major study in a Western language of Rashid al-Din Maybudi's Persian commentary on the Qur'an Kashf al-asrar wa 'uddat al-abrar (Unveiling of Mysteries and Provision of the Righteous). Annabel Keeler explores the interplay between scriptural exegesis and mystical doctrine in a twelfth-century Sufi commentary on the Qur'an. Previously little-known outside the Persian-speaking world, it is increasingly recognized as a key work in the development of Sufi Qur'anic interpretation. This volume provides invaluable background for anyone wanting to gain a deeper understanding of Persian mystical poetry and prose, and other major works of Sufi literature. Over a decade since this book's first publication, the bibliography and notes have been updated".

Mujāhid ibn Jabr al-Makkī (d. c. 104/722).  مجاهد بن جبر 

al-Mujāhid, Abū'l-Ḥajjaj Mujāhid ibn Jabr al-Makkī (d. c. 104/722).
An important, possibly proto-Shi`i collector of pre-Islamic lore and related exegetical materials.

  • al-Tafsīr, ed. 'Abd al-Rahmān b. Tāhir b. Muhammad al-Suwartī, Qatar 1976.
  • Tafsīr al-Imam Mujāhid ibn Jabr. ed. Muhammad 'Abd al-Salām Abū'l-Nīl. [Cairo: ] Dar al-Fikr al-Islami al-Haditha, 1989/1410 (789pp.).*


  • Tafsīr Mujāhid ibn Jabr. ed. Abu Muhammad al-Usyuṭī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2005 (392pp.).

Stauth, Georg.

  • Die Xberlieferung des Korankommentars Mugahid B. Gabrs; zur Frage der Rekonstruktion der in den Sammelwerken des 3.Jh.d.H. benutzten fruhislamischen Quellenwerke. Inaug. Diss. Giessen.

Muqātil ibn Sulayman (d. Basra 150/767).

Abu'l Hasan al-Muqātil ibn Sulayman ibn Basir al-Azdī al-Balkhī  [al-Khurasanī]

Ibn al-Nadim, 179; Ta'rikh Baghdad XIII: 161,3; Sezgin GAS 1:36-7. Possibly a Zaydī (Shī`ī) commentator and theologian.

  • تفسير مقاتل بن سليمان
  • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 5 vols. ed. 'Abdullah Maḥmud Shiḥāta, 5 vols. Cairo, 1969 .*
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulayman. Edited by 'Abdallah Mahmūd Shihāta. 5 vols. Cairo: al-Hay'ah al-Mişriyyah al-'Āmmah lil-Kitāb, 1979.
    Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. Ed. `Abd‑Allāh Maḥmūd Shiḥāta . 4+1 vols. Cairo: 1979‑1988.*
  • al-Tafsīr, ed. 'Abdallāh Maḥmūd Shihāta, 5 vols., Cairo 1980-7
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. 5 vols. ed. 'Abdullah Maḥmud Shihāta. Beirut: Mu`assat al-Tārīkh al-`Arabī. 1423/2002.*
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. ed. `Abd-Allāh Maḥmūd Shiḥāta 5 vols. Beirut: Mu`assat al-Tārīkh al-`Arabī. 1423 /2003.
  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Sulaymān. ed. Ahmad Farid Mazidi 3 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1423/2003 (1504pp.).
  • al-Ishāra wa'l-nazā'ir fī'l-qur'ān al-karīm li-Muqātil b. Sulaymān al-Balkhī. ed. 'Abdullah Maḥmud Shihāta. Beirut: Dār al-Gharīb 2001.
  • al-Ashbāh wa'l-nagaïr' fī’ l-Qur'ān al-karīm, ed. 'Abdallāh Maḥmūd Shihāta, Cairo: al-Hay`at al-Miṣriyyat al-`Amma li'l-Kitab, 1395/1975.


al-Mu'ayyad fī'l-Dīn Shirāzī (d.470/1077).
Hibbat-Allāh Abū Naṣr ibn Mūsā al-Shirazi = al-Mu'ayyad fī 'l-Dīn Shirāzī (d.470/1077).
Fāṭimid Isma'ili commentator. See Poonawalla EI2 5:270; Reynolds, 2001:145-155: Klemm 2003.

  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah, vols. 1 and 3 Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut, 1974-1984.
  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah, vols 1 and 2 ed. Ḥātim Hamid al-Din. Oxford and Bombay, 1395-1407/1975-1986.
  • al-Majālis al-Mu'ayyadiyyah, vols 1 ed. Ḥātim Ibn Ibrahim + Muhammad `Abd al-Qadir `Abd al-Nasir [= Silsilat Nafa'is al-fīkr al-Islami, No. 2]. Cairo: ADD. 1395/1975.

"A collection of 800 majālis in eight volumes, each containing 100 majālis on a variety of topics, dealing mainly with Ismaili ta'wil, ethics, theology, philosophy and eschatology, including esoteric interpretations of Qur'ānic verses and ḥadith. These lectures were delivered by al-Mu'ayyad during the majālis al֊-ḥikma in Cairo." (Klemm 2003:114).

  • Masā'il al-sab`ūn fi'l-ta'wīl... "Seventy questions and answers dealing with allegorical interpretations of Qur'ānic verses and hadīths, and a variety of themes". (ibid, 114). mss.
  • مذكرات داعي دعات الدولة الفاطمية  = Mudhakkirat̄ Daʻ̄i Duʻat̄ al-Dawlah al-Fat̄ịmiȳah. ed. Arif Tamir. Beirut : Muʼassasat ʻIzz al-Dīn, 1983

Muhammad Kāmil Husayn (1901-1961) (ed).

  • سيرة المؤيد في الدين داعي الدعاة : ترجمة حياته بقلمه  = Sir̄at al-Muʼayyad fi al-Din̄ daʻ̄i al-duʻah̄ : tarjamat hạyat̄uh bi-qalamih by Muʼayyad fī al-Dīn Hibat Allāh ibn Mūsá; Cairo: Dār al-Kātib al-Miṣrī, 1949. 

"The memoirs of al-Mu'ayyad's activities and experiences in the service of the Fatimid Caliph-Imam al-Mustansir, consisting of two parts and a postscript...." (Klemm, 2003:15).


  • Dīwān al-Mu`ayyad fī 'l-Din Dā`ī al-Du`āt ed. Muhammad Kāmil Husayn, Cairo: Dar al-Kutub, XXXX/ 1949. "A collection of 62 qasldas of varying lengths, expressing the whole range of Ismaili themes and motifs across the various poetic genres of panegyric, elegy, munajat and description of self." (Klemm, ibid, 115).

Cortese, Delia.

  • Ismaili and Other Arabic Manuscripts: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Isma'ili Studies, London 2000.

Gacek, Adam.

  • Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts in the Library of The Institute of Ismaili Studies. London, 1984. vol.1

Klemm, Verena.

  • Memoirs of a Mission, The Isma'ili Scholar, Statesman and Poet al-Mu'ayyad fī 'l-Dīn Shirāzī. London, New York: I.B. Tauris, Institute of Isma'ili Studies, 2003. ISBN 1-85043-422-0. (160pp.).

Poonawala, Ismail K.

  • Biobibliography of Ismā'īlī Literature. Malibu, CA, 1977, pp. 103-109.

Qutbuddin, Bazat-Tahera.

  • al-Mu'ayyad al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī: Founder of a New Tradition of Fatimid Da'wa Poetry. Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, 1999, pp.341-349. (Qutbuddin's bibliography of al-Mu'ayyad's works is the most recent and complete one.)
  • Al-Muʾayyad al-Shīrāzī and Fatimid Daʿwa Poetry: A Case of Commitment in Classical Arabic Literature, 412 pp., vol. 57 in the series Islamic History and Civilization, ed. Wadad Kadi and Rotraud Wielandt, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2005.

Muscati, Jawad

  • Life and lectures of the grand missionary Al-Muayyad-Fid-Din al-Shirazi 2. Karachi Ismailia Association, 1950,

Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Bāqir (b. Medina c. 56-57/676 - d. c.117/735). 

The fifth (twelver) Shī`ī Imam. See EI2 VII:397-400 (Kohlberg)
An important though little studied major fountainhead of Imami Shī`ī hadith and Tafsīr traditions. His Tafsīr is mentioned in the Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadīm and seems to have been available to Ibn Tāwūs (see Kohlberg, 1992: 339-341; Modarressi, 2003:37-38)..

  • Tafsīr mansūb ilā [Abī Ja`far] al-Bāqir / Tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Transmitted by Abū al-Jārūd and cited in numerous Shi`i

sources including the Bihar al-anwar of Muhammad Bāqir Majlisī (e.g. vol. XIII: 45-6). It was partly incorporated into
the Tafsīr al-Qummi (see below).

al-Sulaymani, Abu `Abd al-Rahman Muhammad ibn al-Husayn (c. 325/927 - d. 412/1021).

سلمي، محمد بن الحسين
Sufi biographer and exegete from Nishapur. See Patrick S. O'Donnell, BEIP 2:289-293.

al-Sulamī Abu `Abd al-Rahman Muhammad ibn al-Husayn

  • Tabaqāt al-sufīyah. ed. Nur al-Dīn Sharibah. 2nd printing. Aleppo: Dār al-Kitāb al-Nafī s, 1986.
  • Majmu`ah-yi Athar-i Abi `Abd al-Rahman Sulami...ed. Nasr Allah Purjavadi. Tehran: Markaz-i Nashr-i Danishgahi, 1368/1989.
  • Majmū`a-yi āthār Abū `Abd al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī, vol. 1, ed. Naṣr Allāh Pūrjavādī . Tehran: Markaz-i Nāsher-i Dāneshgāhī). Tafsir works Page 61 of 77
  • The Minor Qur'ān Commentary of Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān Muhammad b. al-Ḥusayn as-Sulamī, ed. G. Bowering .Beirut: Dār el-Machreq 1995.
  • Haqa;iq al-Tafsir- Tafsir al-Sulaymi. 2 vols. Beirut: DKI., 2001, 894 p.
  • Tafsīr al-Sulaymī wa huwa haqā'iq al-tafsīr. 2 vols. ed. Sayyid `Imran. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1321/2001.ISBN 2-7451-3164-8. This edition is apparently "based on late and corrupted" mss. (Rostum 2005: 336 fn.3).
  • Tafsīr al-Sulaymī haqā'iq al-tafsīr. new critical edition forthcoming by Bowering...
  • Ziyadat haqā'iq al-tafsīr, ed. G. Bowering, Beirut : Dar al-Mashriq,1995.Rep. 1997. 255pp. ISBN 2721460072. Based on a mss discovered by Bowering in Bosnia.

Nwyia, Paul.

  • "Muqaddimat tafsīr al-Qor'ān li-`Alā' al-Dawla Simnānī," al-Abḥāt , vol. 26 [1973-77], pp. 141-57.

Bowering, Gerhard.

  • 1979 The Classical Vision of Existence in Islam: the Qur'ānic Hermeneutics of the Sūfī Sahl al-Tustarī (d. 283/896) (Berlin: de Gruyter).
  • 1989 Sufi hermeneutics in medieval Islam, Revue des Etudes Islamiques, 57, pp. 255-270.
  • 1991 The Qur'ān commentary of al-Sulamī, in: W. B. Hallaq & D. P. Little (Eds) Islamic Studies Presented to Charles J. Adams (Leiden: Brill), pp. 41-56.
  • The Minor Commentary of Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān Moḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn as-Solamī, Beirut, 1995, pp. 15-23.
  • 1996a The major sources for Sulamī's minor Qur'ān commentary, Oriens, 35, pp. 41-56.
  • 1996b From the Word of God to the Vision of God: Muhammad's heavenly journey in classical Sūfī Qur'ān commentary, in: M. A. Amir-Moezzi (Ed.) Le Voyage Initiatique en terre d'Islam: Ascensions ce'lestes et itine'raires spirituels (Louvain: Peeters), pp. 205 - 221.
  • 2001 The light verse: Qurānic text and Sūfī interpretation, Oriens, 36, pp. 113-144.
  • 2003 The scriptural senses in medieval Sūfī Qur'ān exegesis, in: J. D. McAuliffe, B. D. Walfish & F.W. Goering (Eds) With Reverence for the Word: Medieval Scriptural Exegesis in Judaism, Christianity and Islam (New York: Oxford University Press), pp. 346-365.

M. Nuqrāshī,

  • al-Baḥṭ wa'l-dirāsa fī mawzū` Abū `Abd-al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī mofasseran. Ph.D. dissertation at al-Azhar.

Rostom, Mohammed.

  • Forms of Gnosis in Sulamī's Sufi Exegesis of the Fātiha' in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, Vol. 16, No. 4 (October 2005), 327-344,

al-Sulaymī Abu `Abd al-Rahman Muhammad ibn al-Husayn (d. 412/1021).






al-Ṭabarānī Abu'l-Qasim Sulayman ibn Ahmad .. (d. Isfahan, 360/971).

al-Ṭabarānī in EI2 art. Maribel Fierro : `Abu ’l-Ḳāsim Sulaymān b. Ayyūb b. Muṭayyir al-Lak̲h̲mī, one of the most important traditionists of his age (260-360/873-971).

See :

  • Tafsir al-Tabarāni, 6 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2000?
  • Tafsir al-Tabarāni.
  • al-Tafsīr al-kabīr : tafsīr al-Qurʼān al-ʻAẓīm by Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad Ṭabarāni.ed. Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Karīm Badrānī.Irbid Dār al-Kitāb al-Thaqāfī : Dār al-Mutanabbī, 2008.
  • Fihris al-aṭrāf. by Abū-'l-Qāsim Sulaimān Ibn-Aḥmad aṭ- Ṭabarānī; Abū-Muʻād Ṭāriq Ibn-ʻAwaḍallāh Ibn-Muḥammad. Cairo: Dār al-Ḥaramain, 1995.

al-Ṭabarī, Abū  Ja`far Muhammad ibn Jarīr  (b.  Tabaristan [N.Iran] 224/310,  d. Baghdad, 310/923).

A massive, (often 30 parts in 12 vols.) early Sunni Tafsīr work that has been of foundational importance for many subsequent Qur'ān commentators.

"Al-Tabari usually begins his exegesis by paraphrasing a verse with the use of synonyms, prefaced by the phrase, “He (God) says”(yaqula) or “He (or it) means” ( ya`ni). He then provides philological information on the verse, including variant readings, definitions and etymologies of problematic words, and solutions to grammatical difficulties. The comments are based on named or  unnamed reciters of the Qur`an (al-qurra'), Arabists (ahl al-`arabiyya), grammarians (nahwiyyun), and evidence from Arab speech patterns (taqulu al-`arab) and poems. After establishing the basic meaning of the text, al-Tabari addresses intratextual and extratextual problems of meaning, noting differences of opinion. The sources that al-Tabari uses to solve these problems of meaning are the Qur'an itself, the ahadith of the Prophet, and the exegetical Traditions attributed to his Companions and Followers... ( so Kristin Zahra Sands, in Sufi Commentaries on the Qur'an in Classical Islam [Routledge Studies in the Qur'an]. London -New York : . Routledge, 2006 (Appendix, p.140).

Bosworth, C.  “Al-Tabari” in EI

Rosenthal, F.  General Introduction to The History of al-Tabari, vol. 1 Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1989, pp. 5–134.

Elton L. Daniel, art. `ṬABARI, ABU JAʿFAR MOḤAMMAD B. JARIR (224-310/839-923)' in EIr.

Al-Tabari: A Medieval Muslim Historian and His Work, ed. Hugh Kennedy Princeton:  Dārwin Press, 2008. 384pp. Contains 20 important contributions by leading academics and a useful bibliography pp. 355-361.

SEE PDf. Downloads

Select Chronological Bibliography :

  • Jāmi` al-bayān fi tafsīr al-Qur;ān. 30 vols. in 12 [Cairo] Būlāq: Amriyya, 1323-29/1905-1911. Includes in margin the commentary of Muhammad ibn Husayn al-Nishaburi.
  • Jāmi' al-Bayān `an ta'wĩl āy al-Qur'ān. 30 vols, in 12. Edited by Muṣṭafa al-Saqqā. Cairo: Muṣṭafa al-Bābī al-Halabī, 1373-6/1954-7. 
  • Jāmi' al-bavān 'an ta'wĩl āy al-Qur'ān. 16 vols. Ed. Mahmud Muhammad Shākir et al. Cairo: Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1954-68.
  • Jāmi' al-Bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. 3rd. ed. Maḥmud Muhammad Shākir and Aḥmad Muhammad Shākir, 16 vols.,   Cairo: Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1954-1968.
  • Tafsīr al-Ţabarī : Jāmi' al-bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān li-Abī Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī 224-310 h.. Ed. by Mahmūd Muhammad Shākir and Aḥmad Muhammad Shākir. Turāth al-Islām. 16 vols. to date. Cairo: Dar al-Ma'ārif, 1374֊/1954֊.
  • Jāmi` al-Bayān `an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. 2nd ed. for some vols., 15 vols. Cairo 1969 ed. Aḥmad Sā'īd 'Alī et al.
  • Tafsīr al-Ţabarī, Jāmi' al-bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. ed. Maḥmud Muhammad Shākir and Aḥmad Muhammad Shākir. 16 vols. Cairo: Dār al-Ma'ārif,  1969. 
  • Jāmi` al-Bayān fi tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Rep. Beirut : XXXX., 1392 / 1972. 30 vols. in 12.
  • Jāmi' al-bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān.
  • Jāmi` al-Bayān `an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān,15 Vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr 1408/1985.
  • Tafsīr al-Tabari al-musammā Jami' al-bayān fī ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 30 vols. in 12. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-'`Ilmiyya,
  • XXXX/1992.
  • Jami' al-Bayān 'an ta'wīl āy al-Qur'ān. 30 vols. Edited by Aḥmad Sā`id 'Ali et al. Cairo, 1954-57. Repr., Beirut: Dār
  • al-Fikr, 1984.
  • Jāmi' al-bayān fī ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 15 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1408/1988.Jāmi' al-bayān fī ta'wīl al-Qur'ān. 12 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmīyah, 1992.

Tahdhīb al-āthār: Musnad...

  • Tahdhīb al-āthār: Musnad `Abd-Allah ibn `Abbās. ed. Maḥmud A. Shākir., Cairo: Matba`at al-Madani, 1982.
  • Tahdhīb al-āthār: Musnad `Ali ibn `Abī Ṭālib. ed. Maḥmud ibn Shākir., Cairo: Matba`at al-Madani, 1982.
  • Tahdhīb al-āthar: Musnad 'Umar bin al-Khaţţab. Edited by Mahmud ibn Shākir. Cairo: Maţba'at al-Madanī, 1983.

Secondary Sources

Sourdel, Dominique.

  • "Une Profession de foi de l'historien al-Tabarī." Revue des Etudes islamiques 2 (1968): 177-99.

Cooper, J., + W. F. Madelung, and A. Jones

  • The Commentary on the Qur'ān: Being an Abridged Translation of Jami՝ al-Bayān 'an ta'wil ay al-Qur'ān. Edited by J. Cooper, W. F. Madelung, and A. Jones. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Cooper,  J.

  • The commentary on the Qurān / by Abū Ja`far Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī ; being an abridged translation of Jāmi`al-bayān `an tawīl āy al-Qurān, with an introduction and notes by J. Cooper ; general editors, W. F. Madelung, A. Jones. Imprint London New York : Oxford University Press, 1987
  • Commentary on the Qur`ān, Vol.1, Delhi 1987. ISBN 0-19-920142-0 The commentary on the Qur'ān, by Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Jarir al- Tabari ; being an abridged translation of Jami' al-Bayān 'an ta'wil ay al-Qur'ān, with an introduction and notes by J. Cooper (General editors, W.F. Madelung, A. Jones.) Oxford University Press, 1987

Gilliot. Claude.
See his doctoral thesis and numerous articles relating to al-Tabari and Islamic Tafsīr:

  • La sourate al-Baqara dans le Commentaire de Tabari (Le dveloppement et le fonctionnement des traditions exegtiques  la lumire du commentaire des versets 1  40 de la sourate), I-II, Thse pour le doctorat de 3me cycle, Universit Paris-III, juin,1982, 403+136 pp.,
  • Aspects de l'imaginaire islamique commun dans le Commentaire de Tabari, I-II, These pour le doctorat d'Etat, Universit Paris-III, septembre 1987, 756 pp.
  • Exegese, langue et thologie en Islam: 'exgse coranique de Tabari. Paris: J. Vrin, 1990.
  • Les oeuvres de Tabari (m. 310/923), MIDEO, 19 (1990), p. 49-90, index
  • Exégèse, langue et théologie en islam. : L'exégèse coranique de Tabari. Vrin, 1990, Etudes musulmanes, XXXI
  • al-Tabari : tahsiluhu al-thaqafi, traduit par M. Khayr al-Biqa'i, al-Mawrid (Bagdad), 19/2 (1990), p. 529.
  • Exgse et smantique institutionnelle dans le Commentaire de Tabari, Stud. Isl., LXXVII (1993), p. 41-94.
  • Langue et Coran selon Tabari. I- La prcellence du Coran, Stud. Isl., LXVIII (1988), p. 79-106.
  • Le traitement du hadith dans le Tahdhb al-atharr de Tabari, Arabica, XLI (1994), p. 309-51
  • Mythe, rcit, histoire du salut dans le Commentaire coranique de Tabari, JA, CCLXXXII (1994), p. 237-70.
  • Tabari et les chretiens taghlibites, Annales du Dpartement des Lettres Arabes, Universit Saint-Joseph, Beyrouth, Memoriam Professeur Jean Maurice Fiey o. p., 6-B, annes 1991-92 (1996), p. 145-59

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen.

  • "Tabarĩ's Prelude to the Prophet." in Al-Tabari: A Medieval Muslim Historian and His Work, ed. Hugh Kennedy (Princeton: Dārwin Press, 2008), 113-140.

Rahbar, Daud,

  • Indices to the verses of the Qur'ān in the commentaries of al-Tabarī and al-Rāzī . Hartford, Conn., Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1962 (iv+106 pp.). Based on al-Tabari, Būlāq edition 1323-1329 AH. and Maimuriyya Press edition Egypt, 1321 and on several editions of the Mafātīḥ al-Ghayb of al-Razi...

Rippin, Andrew.

  • "Tabari, al-." In The Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by M. Eliade, 14:231-3. New York: Macmillan, 1986.

Tayob, Abdulkader.

  • "An Analytical Survey of al-Ţabari's Exegesis of the Cultural Symbolic Construct of fitna." In Approaches to the Qur'ān, edited by G. R. Hawting and Abdul-Kader A. Shareef, pp. 157-72. London: Routledge, 1993.

Samir, Khalil.

  • "Le Commentaire de Tābăr sur Coran 2/62 et la question du salut des non-musulmans." Annali Istituto Orientale
    di Napoli 40 (1980): 555-617.

Bal'amī, Abū `Alī (d. c. 387/997).

A Persian recreation of al-Ṭabarī  al-Tarikh and al-Tafsir.

He was among a group of `Ulama' who translated-"recreated" al-Ṭabari's Arabic Tarikh ... into Persian. See al-Tabari below. Bal'amī, Abū `Alī (d.c.387/997) and a group of `ulamā' who translated ("recreated") in Persian al-Ṭabari's Arabic Tarikh al-rusul.. See Storey vol. 1, II  No. 101 pp. 61-65.

SEE PDf. Downloads :

  • Tārīkh, an abridged translation of al-Ṭabarī's Ta'rīkh al-rusul wal-mulūk (q.v.), part I (the pre-Islamic section), ed. Muḥammad-Taqī Bahār. Tehran: Ministry of Education, 1962; Part 11 (the Islamic section), 3 Vols. Tehran: Nashr-i Naw, 1987.
  • 1974 Tarīkh-i Bal'amī. ed. Muḥammad Taqī Bahār. rev. ed. Muhammad Parvin Gunabadī 2nd edn. Tehran: Zavvār. 1984
  • Trans. H. Zotenberg. 1984. Les prophtes et les rois de la creation  David. Paris: Sindbad. 1994
  • Tārīkh nāmih i Ṭabarī: bakhsh-i chāp-nāshudih. ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. 3rd edn. Tehran: Nashr-i Alburz.

The Persian translation ("recreation") of the Tafsīr of al-Ṭabarī  (d. 310/923). 

Select Mss and Printed editions. Note Storey vol. 1:1f

"1.The first definite landmark in the history of Persian Qur'ānic literature is the translation of the large Arabic tafsīr of al-Ţabarî,1 which is likewise one of the oldest surviving works in the Persian language. 2 Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Jarīr al-Tabarī died at Baghdad in 310/923. 3 Abu Salih Manşūr b. Nūḥ, the Samānid ruler of Transoxiana and Khurasan, for whom this tafsĩr was translated, reigned from 350/961 to 366/976. The precise date of the translation is not recorded, but the Persian preface 4 gives information concerning the circumstances which led to the undertaking. The Arabic original, we are told, was brought in forty volumes to Abu Şalih Manşur b. Nuh, who, finding it difficult to read, desired that it should be translated. The 'ulamā of Transoxiana, whom he convoked and asked for a fatwa concerning the permissibility of translating it, expressed the view that for persons ignorant of Arabic it was lawful to read [ p.2>] and write Qur'ānic exegesis in Persian. They based their opinion mainly on the Qur'ānic verse "We have not sent any apostle save with the language of his people, that he might explain to them " (Surah xiv 4, tr. Palmer), but also on the consideration that from the time of Adam to that of Ishmael all the prophets and kings of the earth had spoken Persian, Ishmael having been the first to speak Arabic. Accordingly, Manşur ibn Nūḥ assembled learned men1 from Bukhara, Samarqand, Balkh, Farghānah and elsewhere, and they by his order elected from among themselves a company of translators. In the process of their work these scholars abridged the original by omitting the isnāds. They also added some historical information up to the year 345.

At the present day this translation and the oldest Persian commentaries on the Qur'ān are of special interest for the light which they throw on the Persian language at a comparatively early stage in its development. "


1 The Arabic text of this tafsīr was published in 30 volumes at the Maimamyah Preaa, Cairo, in 1321/1903. Its formal title (not mentioned in the preface) seems to have been Jāmi' al-bayān 'an ta՝wĩl āy al-Qur'ān, see Annales guos scripsit . . . at-Tabari ed. de Goeje, Introducilo, p. xii. An account of it by O. Loth was published in the ZDMG. 1881, pp. 588-028.

2. Of approximately equal antiquity are the abridged translation of al-Tabari's history of the world (Ta՝nkh al-rusul wa-'l-muluk) undertaken by the Wazĩr Abu 'Ali Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Bal'amĩ in obedience to an order issued in 352/903-4 by Abu Salih Manşur ibn Nüh (see Browne Lit. Hist, i 11-12, 309, 477-8), the Materia Modica (kitāb al-abniyah'an haqa'iq al-adwiyah) composed by Abu Manşur Muwaffaq ibn ' Alî Harawĩ for the same ruler (see Browne, ibid.), the geographical work Hudud al-'alam composed in 372/982-3 and discovered at Bukhara by A. Tumanski in 1892 (see Zapiski x 121 sq., Barthold in BSOS. ii 836) and possibly the Cambridge Tafsīr mentioned on p. 2.

3 For further information concerning him and his works see Fihrist 234-5, Ibn Khallikān no. 581, Subkï ii 135, Kaudāt al-jannāt iv 103, Goldziher in WZK3I. ix 358-71, de Goeje's introduction to the Annales quos scripsit . . . at-Tabari, Brockelmann i 142, eto.

4. The Persian text is quoted in Cureton-Rieu, p. 370.

[p.2] 1.Including Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Fadl al-anām [or simply al-Fadl, al-Faḍlĩ al-Kamārĩ, d. 381/991 at Bukhara, see al-Jawāhir al-muḍī'ah ii 107, al-Fawā'id al-bahîyah 184], Muhammad b. Ismā'ĩl al-Faqĩh, Abu Bakr Aḥmad b. Kärnid al-Faqïh, [al-]Khalïl b. Aḥmad al-Sijistānĩ [or al-Sijzī, d. 368/979 at Samarqand, see al-Jawahir al-muḍī'ah i 234, Ihn Quṭlũbughā 73, Sam'ānī 291b. Doubtless Jhd al-'ulamā՝ should be emended to Jahbadh al-'ulamā'], Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. 'Ali and Abū'l-Jahm Khālid b. Hani' al-Mufaqqih."

Other Persian translations of the Tafsīr of al-Ṭabarī  (d. 310/923).

    al-Ṭabāṭabā'ī =  Sayyid Muhammad Ḥusayn al-Ṭabāṭabā'ī  (1321-1402 AH = 1904-1981 CE). 

     Iranian Shi`i philosopher and exegete.' Iranian Shi`i philosopher and exegete.

    al-Ṭabāṭabā'ī =  Sayyid Muhammad Ḥusayn al-Ṭabāṭabā'ī  (d. 1981).

    Rizvi, Sayyid Saeed Akhtar, trans. al-Mizan: An Exegesis of the Qur'ān. 5 vols. Teheran: WOfī s, 1983- .

    Algar, Hamid.

    •  'Allama Sayyid Muhammad Ḥusayn Ṭabaṭabai: Philosopher, Exegete, and Gnostic' Journal of Islamic Studies (Oxford) 2006 vol .17; No. 3,, 326-351 .

    al-Ṭabrisī [Tabarsī] =  Amīn al-Dīn  [Amīn al-Islām] Abū `Alī al-Faḍl ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ṭabrisī  (d. 548 /1154).

    al-Ṭabrisī [Tabarsī] =  Abū `Alī al-Faḍl ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ṭabrisī  (d. 548 /1154).

    An Imami Shi`i commentator and a Mu`tazalite in matters of theology. His Majma` al-Bayan was completed in  in June 1142 (see EI2 art Kohlberg). EI2 vol. X: ADD;

    • Jawāmi` al-Jā`mi` fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Majid
    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān. 6 vols. Mat`ba`at Saydā' [Sidon, Lebanon]: Maṭba`at al-`Irfān, 1333-56/1914-37. Rep. 1914> 4 Vols. Qumm : al-Maktabat Shihab al-Din al-Husayni, Ayat-Allah al-Mar`ashi al-Najafī *
    • Rep. 1914> 10 vols. in 5. Beirut: Dar al-Ihya al-Turath al`Arabi, 1383/ 1963.
    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān. 10 vols. in 3. Mat`ba`at Saydā' [Sidon, Lebanon]: Maṭba`at al-`Irfān, 1334/1915. (?).
    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān, intr. Muḥsin al-Amīn al-Ḥusaynī al-'Āmilī, 30 vols, in 6, Beirut 1380/1961
    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 6 vols. Beirut: Dār Maktabat al-Ḥayat, 1380. *
    • Majma` al-Bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān . 5 vols. Qumm: Maktabah `Ayat-Allāh Uzmā al-Mar`ashī al-Najafī. 1403/ 1982.
    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafsīr al-qur'ān, 6 vols. Beirut: 1415/1995.  ••
    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafsīr al-qur'ān, 10 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Murtadha...
    • Persian abbreviated translation:
      شرح واژه هاي قرآن در ترجمه تفسير عظيم مجمع البيان  = Sharh-i Vazhih-ha-yi Qur`an dar Tarjumah-yi Tafsīr-i Majma al-Bayān. Tehran: Farahani, 2003. Select Persian translation by Ali Karami. ISBN: 9646590187.

    Jawāmi` al-Jā`mi` fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Majid

    • Jawāmi` al-Jā`mi` fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Majid. 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā', 1405/1985.*
    • Ṭabrisī Majma' al-bayān... 2 vols. Ed. Dr. Hossein Kariman (Univ. Tehran Publications No. 760-1). Tehran: Danishgah Tehran, 1361 Sh/ 1983. Vol.1 is a bibliographical Study of the writings of al-Ṭabrisī (333pp.) and vol.2 A Study of the Majma' al-Bayān.

    al-Ṭaftāzānī = Sa`d al-Din Maṣ`ūd ibn `Umar `Abd-Allāh al-Ṭaftāzānī  (722-793 AH = 1322-1390 CE).

    He was a "renowned scholar and author on grammar, rhetoric, theology, logic, law and Qur'ān exegesis" EI2 X:88b.

    • Kashf al-asrār wa-`uddat al-abrār. A Persian Commentary on the Qur'ān
    • Tarjamah va Tafsīr-i Ṭaftāzānī Tahdhīb al-manṭīq [wa'l-kalām]-i Ṭaftāzānī. Tehran: Intisharat-i Danishgah-i Tehran, (9,231pp.).

    al-Ṭanṭāwī, Jawharī al-Misri (1278-13XX / 1862-1940).

    Studied at al-Azhar and  beacme "A modernist Egyptian theologian" (so de Jong in EI2 Supp X:262-3). See Brockelmann GAL Sup. III:329ff.

    طنطاوي جوهري المصري

    • الجواهر في تفسير القرآن الكريم = تفسير طنطاوي جوهري  المشتمل على عجائب بدائع المكونات -
    • al-Jawāhir fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 26 vols. Cairo: XXXX., 1923-1935.
    • al-Jawāhir fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 13+1 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, XXXX.,
    • al-Jawāhir fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 13+1 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2004., 7448pp. ISBN 2-7451-3636-4

    Hartmann, M.

    • Scheikh Ṭanṭāwī, Dschauharī. Eine moderner egyptischer Theolog und Naturfreund' in Beitrage zur Kenntnis des
      Orients, XIII (1916), 54-82.

    Jomnier, J

    • `Le Cheikh Ṭanṭāwī, Jawharī (1862-1940) et son Commaintaire de Coran' in MIDEO V (1958), 115-174.

    F de Jong.

    • The works of Ṭanṭāwī, Jawharī (1862-1940), some bibliographical and biographical notes' in Bibliotheca Orientalis XXXIV/5-6

    Daneshgar, Majid

    • Tantawi Jawhari and the Qur'an: Tafsir and Social Concerns in the Twentieth Century. Routledge, 2017. 176 p. 

    al-Tha'labī [al-Nīsābūrī] = Abū Isḥāq Aḥmad b. Muhammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Tha'labī (d. 427/ 1035).

    أبو إسحاق ... الثعلبي

    • al-Kashf wa'l-bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-ma‘rūf bi-Tafsīr al-Tha‘labī. 6 vols.  Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-`ilmiyya, 2004. 
    • أهـل الـبـيـت في تـفـسـيـر الـثـعـلـبـي

    Mehmet Akif Koc (Ankara University, Turkey)

    Isaiah Goldfeld ed.,

    Saleh, Walid A.

    • The Formation of the Classical "Tafsir" Tradition: The Qur'an Commentary of Al-Tha Labi (d.427/1035) (Texts and Studies on the Qur'an), 2003.

    "This work is both an introduction to the genre of classical tafsir and a detailed study of one of its major architects, al-Tha'labi (d. 427/1035). The book offers a detailed study of the hermeneutical principles that governed al-Tha'labi's approach to the Qur'an, principles which became the norm in later exegetical works. and a detailed study of one of its major architects, al-Tha'labi (d. 427/1035). The book offers a detailed study of the hermeneutical principles that governed al-Tha'labi's approach to the Qur'an, principles which became the norm in later exegetical works."


    al-Tha'ālibī, Abī Zayd  `Abd al-Raḥman ibn Muhammad al-Tha`ālabī  (d. 875/1470)


    al-Thawrī,   Abi `Abd-Allah Sufyān ibn Sa`id ibn Masruq al-Thauri al-Kufī  (161/ 777)


    al-Ṭūsī =  Abi Ja'far Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Ṭūsī (d. 460/1067).

    Major Shi`i Qur'ān Commentator

    •  al-Tibyān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān, 10 vols. Najaf: al-Matba'ah al-'Ilmiyah, 1376-1383.
    • al-Tibyān fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān. Edited by Aḥmad Habib Qaşr al-'Āmilī. 10 vols. Beirut: Dār ihya' al-Turāth al-'Arabi, n.d.
    • al-Tibyān fī Tafsīr al-Qur'ān (The Clarifīcation of Qur'ān Commentary). 10 vols., .ed. Aḥmad Ḥabib Qasir al-`Āmilī, Maktab al-A`lam al-Islami, Dār al-Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi 1409/1988. *

    al-Tustari, Muhammad ibn `Abdullah Sahl al-Din (d. 283/986).

    تستري، سهل بن عبد الله

    Early Sufī  Tafsīr.

    • Tafsīr al-qur'ān al-aẓīm. Cairo: Dār al-kutub al-`Arabiyya al-kubrā, 1329/1911*  . 136 pp.
    • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`Azim: Shaykh al-`Arifin al-Imam al-Tustari, al-mutawaffā 283 H. Beirut (?): al-Dar al-Thaqafiyah lil-Nashr; al-Tab`ah, 2002. ISBN-10: 9773390578 + ISBN-13: 978-9773390570. (319pp.).
    • Tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-`azīm. ed. Mahmud Jirat Allah + Muhammad Ibrahim Fayyumi. Cairo: Dar al-Thaqafiyya, 2002 (319pp..).ISBN 9773390578. 
    • Tafsīr al-Tustayri. Beirut: Dar Al Kutub  al-`lmiyya. , Beirut, 2002. 239p.

    Bowering, Gerhard.

    • `The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam: The Qur'ānic Hermeneutics of the Sūfī Sahl At-Tustarī (d. 283/896). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1979+1980.

    Tafsīr Al-Tustari translated by Annabel and Ali Keeler

    •  Tafsīr Al-Tustari (= The Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur'an Series Volume IV) translated by Annabel and Ali  Keeler General  Editor: Yousef Meri 310 pp. Amman Jordon: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought & Fons Vitae Publishing (USA). ISBN: 1891785192 ISBN-13: 9781891785191.

     "The Tafsīr Al-Tustari is the earliest surviving Sufi commentary on the Qur'ān. This commentary is one of the few authenticated works in Tustari's name, and is a key source for understanding the mystical thought and teachings of this important and influential Sufi. In addition to insights into the spiritual significance of almost 1000 verses of the Qur'ān, this commentary includes numerous references to traditions of the Prophet, explanations of the ethical and mystical dimensions of the religious life, stories of the prophets, and anecdotes about earlier mystics. The translation has the benefit of reference to three good manuscripts in addition to the printed edition of the text, and is generously augmented with explanatory footnotes throughout. The book will not only provide its readers with an invaluable introduction to the Sufi tradition of Qur'ānic interpretation, but also acquaint them with spiritual doctrines that were to become fundamental to the later development of Sufism. This is the first complete translation into English of any Sufi
    Qur'ān commentary, and will be a substantial and much-needed primary resource for the study of the Qur'ān, Islamic mysticism and the history of Islamic thought. Whilst there is an increasing number of works by the great Sufi masters available in Western languages, there has been no complete Sufi commentary available in English translation, in its entirety, until now".

    "About the Translators: Annabel Keeler obtained her doctorate from Cambridge University in 2001. Her dissertation, revised and expanded, was published in 2006 under the title "Sufi Hermeneutics: The Qur'ān Commentary of Rashid al-Din Maybudi." She recently completed a research fellowship at Wolfson College, Cambridge, where she now continues her work in the field of Islamic mysticism with a particular interest in the Sufi interpretation of the Qur'ān. Apart from her book on Maybudi's Qur'ān commmentary, she has published a number of articles in the field of Islamic mysticism and Sufi hermeneutics. She is currently preparing a monograph of the 9th Century mystic Abu Yazid al-Bistami. Ali Keeler has spent almost ten years in the Middle East, firstly in the Yemen and then in Damascus, where as well as teaching English, he has studied Arabic, the art of Qur'ānic recitation, aspects of the traditional Islamic sciences, and has read through several classic works of Islamic mysticism with living Sufi masters. He has translated a number of books into English, including "Selected Prayers of the Prophet Muhammad and Great Saints" and "A Tourist Guide to Craq de Chevalier."

    Usmani [Uthmani], Allama Shabbir Aḥmad Usmani (1885 -1949 CE).


    al-Wāḥidĩ, Abū  al-Ḥasan 'Alî ibn Aḥmad (d. 468/1075). 

    • Asbāb al-nuzūl. Beirut: Dār wa-Maktabat al-Hilāl, 1410/1983.

    Al-Wahidi's Asbāb al-nuzūl. (= The Great Commentaries of the Holy Qur'an Volume III ). Translated by Mokrane Guezzou General Editor: Yousef Meri Amman Jordon: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought & Fons Vitae Publishing. 304 pp. ISBN 1891785184; ISBN-13 9781891785184.
    "Written by Imam al-Wahidi (d. 468/1075), Al-Wahidi's Asbab al-Nuzul is the earliest, best-known representative and extant work of this genre. In the introduction to his Asbab al-Nuzul, Al-Wahidi, who was hailed as the greatest Qur'ānic commentator of his time, wrote, "We have ended up benefiting the beginners in the sciences of the Book by expounding the occasions for which it was revealed...
    About the Translator: Dr. Mokrane Guezzou is a British-Algerian translator of major Islamic works. His translation of Al-Wahidi's
    Asbab Al-Nuzul also appears in the Great Commentaries on the Holy Qur'an series. He is also presently at work on a translation
    and study of Ibn 'Ata Allah al-Iskandari's Al-Qasd al-Mujarrad fi Ma'rifat al-Ism al-Mufrad (Fons Vitae)."

    Saleh, Walid A.

    • `The last of the Nishapuri school of tafsir: al-Wahidi (d. 468/1076) and his significance in the history of Qur'anic exegesis' The Journal of the American Oriental Society XXX 2006,

    Walī-Allāh Dihlawī, Shāh  (1702-1763 CE) شاه ولی لله دهلوی .

    Islamic reformer much influenced by Sufism.  Brockelmann,  GAL  II, 91-2. + Supp. II, 108, EI2 [Supp.] XII:842.

    A prolifīc writer and Shāfī `ī jurist of Mamluk Cairo who authored perhaps 46 works several (14 or so) of which are in print. He studied Ḥadīth with Ibn Kathir  (d. 774/1373) and wrote, for example, on Tafsīr, Hadith, Fīqh, Abab and Kalām. His al-Burhān was a major influence upon al-Suyuti who to some degree modeled his al-Itqān upon it (see A. Rippin art. `Zarkashī' EI2 XII [= Supp. ]: 842).

    • al-Fawz al-Kabīr fī uṣūl al-Tafsīr . Lahore: Maktabah al-Salafiyya, 1951 (52+8pp).
    • al-Fawz al-Kabir fī uṣūl al-Tafsīr . trans. Rashid Aḥmad Ansari, Delhi: Maktabah-yi Burhan, 1955 (88pp).
    • al-Fawz al-Kabir fī uṣūl al-Tafsīr : the principles of Qur'ān Commentary (Contribution of Muslim thinkers in the Indian subcontinent [1]). Islamabad: National Hijra Council, trans. G. N. Jalbani . 1985. (93pp.).
    • al-Fawz al-Kabir fī uṣūl al-Tafsīr by Shah Waliyullah trans. G. N. Jalbani . 1999
    •  Ḥujjat-Allāh al-bāligha. Cairo 1322-23/1904-05. 2 vols. in 1.
    • Fatḥ al-Raḥman. (A Persian translation of the Qur'ān).
    • Ta`wīl al-ahadith (Arabic). An account of Qisas al-anbiya' stories rooted in the Quran and hadith with mystical theological interpretations and lessons based upon them.
    • Trans. Baljon = A Mystical Interpretation of Prophetic Tales by an Indian Muslim: Shah Wali Allah's Ta'wil al-Ahadith
      by J. M. S. Baljon. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1973 (XXXpp.). *
    • Review by Spencer Lavan in Journal of the American Academy of Religion, vol. 43, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), p. 621
    • Zahrawayn. A commentary on the Sūrat al-baqara (Q.2) and Surat al-`Imran (Q. XX).
    • Fath-al-Kabir (Arabic). A glossary of the difficult words of the Qur'ān

    Nolin, K. E.

    Zamakhsharī, Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmud Ibn `Umar (d. 583/1144). 

    Brockelmann, C., GAL  ADD + SUPP.; Brockelmann, C.: art. "al-Zamaķhsharī," in: EI1 iv:1205; W. Madelung, EI2 XII:840-1. Persian born Arabic language expert and Mu'tazalite Qur'ān commentator. He wrote in the areas of Tafsīr, Hadith, Kalam and Abab...

    Chapter 14 of the book Ideas, Images and Methods, Insights into Classical Arabic Literature and Islam  (ed. Sebastian Gunther, Leiden: Brill, 2005) by  Andrew J. Lane is entitled ` Working Within Structure, al-Zamakhshari (D. 1144): A Late Mutazalite Qur'ān Commentator at Work'. His essay  opens as follows, "Sometime after he had finished writing his Quran commentary, al-Kashshăf, the Mu'tazilite grammarian and man of letters from Khwarazm, Abu'l-Qasim Mahmud ibn 'Umar al-Zamakhsharî (d. 538 A.H./1144 C.E.), added the following postscript:

    This copy is the first, original copy (nuskhat al-aṣl), which was transcribed from the rough draft (al-sawād); it is the original Meccan version of the Kashshāf (umm al-Kashshāf al-ḥaramiyya), hlessed and source of՝ blessing (al-mutamassaḥ bihā), worthy of being used to invoke heavenly blessings and to pray for rain in a year of drought. The author finished it with his own hand, facing the Ka'ba, in the shade of his house, the Sulaymaniyya, overlooking the Ajyād Gate, [which house has] Madrasat al-'Allāma written on it. [He finished it] on the morning of Monday, 23 Rabī' al-Ākhir in the year 528 (20 February, 1134 C.E.).' " (Lane, 2005: 347 translating a postscript within al-Kashshaf [Beirut.,ed., 1997] iv. 831, a postscript);


    al-Kashshāf 'an haqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl 

    The Discloser of the Realities of the Hidden Things of Revelation and the Choicest Utterances regrading the Modes of Exegesis").

    • al-Kashshāf 'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl, 2 vols., ed. W. Nassau Lees, Calcutta: Maţba'at al-Laysi, 1856-9.
    • al-Kashshāf 'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-'Arabi, 1366/1947. *
    • al-Kashshāf `an ḥaqā'iq al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl. 4 vols. Cairo: Mustafa al-Bābī al-Halabĩ, 1966-68.
    • al-Kashshāf 'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, XXXX/1977.
    • al- Kashshāf `an ḥaqā'iq al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl. 4 vols., ed. 'Abd al-Razzāq al-Mahdī, Beirut: Dar ihya' al-Turāth al-'Arabī, 1997.
    • al-Kashshāf 'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl, 6 vols., ed. 'dil Aḥmad 'Abd al-Mawjūd and 'Alī Muhammad Mu'awwad, Riyād: Maktabat al-'Ubaykān, 1998.
    • al-Kashshāf 'an ḥaqā'iq ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols., Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1998. 2879pp.
    • Tafsīr al-Kashshaf... Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifa, 2003. 1240pp.

    Kashf fī al-Qirā'āt al-`Ashar ("On the Variant Readings of the Qur'ān")

    • Kashf fī al-Qirā'āt al-`Ashar ("On the Variant Readings of the Qur'ān")
    • Kashf fī al-Qirā'āt al-`Ashar ("On the Variant Readings of the Qur'ān"). ADD.

    Aḥmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Munayyir (d.683/1284), a Maliki opponent of Zamakhshari's Mu`tazilite theological
    orientation, wrote a refutation entitled,

    • Kitāb al-Inṣāf min al-Kashshāf. sometimes printed on the margins of the commentary Kashshāf.

    'Abd al-Karim al-Yāfi,

    •  Kitab sırat al-Zamakhshari, in RAAD, lvii (1982), 365-82.

    Muṣṭafa al-Ṣawī al-Juwaynī,

    • Manhaj al-Zamakhshari fī tafsīr al-Kur'ān, Cairo 1959.

    al-Ḥūfī, A.M.

    • al-Zamakhshari, Cairo 1966.

    Schmidtke, S.

    • A Mu'tazilite creed of az-Zamahsari, Stuttgart 1997.

    Lane, Andrew J.

    • A Traditional Mu`tazalite Qur'ān Commentary: The Kashshaf of Jar Allah Al-Zamakhshari (d.583/1144) (= Texts and Studies on the Qur'ān. 2). Brill Academic Pubishers, 2005. ISBN = 9004147004 (418pp.).

    al-Zarkashī = Abū `Abd-Allāh Badr al-Dĩn Muhammad al-Zarkashī (745-794 AH = 1344-1392 CE). 
    Brockelmann, GAL II, 91-2. + Supp. II, 108, EI2 [Supp.] XII:842.
    A prolifīc writer and Shāfī `ī jurist of Mamluk Cairo who authored perhaps 46 works several (14 or so) of which are in print. He studied Ḥadīth with Ibn Kathir (d. 774/1373) and wrote, for example, on Tafsīr, Hadith, Fīqh, Abab and Kalām. His al-Burhān was a major influence upon al-Suyuti who to some degree modeled his al-Itqān upon it (see A. Rippin art. `Zarkashī' EI2 XII [= Supp. ]: 842).

    • ADD HERE
    • al-Burhān fī 'ulūm al-Qur'ān. 4 vols. ed. Muhammad Abū al-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Cairo: Add.,1376/ 1957 + 2nd ed. 1972.
    • Burhān fī 'ulūm al-Qur'ān, 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Jil, 1988. *
    • al-Burhān fī 'ulūm al-Qur'ān. ed., by Yūsuf 'Abel al֊ Rahman al-Mar'ashlī et al. Beirut: Dār al-Ma'arifah, 1415/1994-5.

    Nolin, K. E.

    • `The Itqān and its Sources... ADD..

    al-Zuhailī  Wahb (d. ADD/ADD).

    • al-Tafsīr al-Munir. Beirut+ Damascus, XXXX/1991.

    al-Zurqānī, Muhammad 'Abd al-'Azīm (d. 1122/1710),

    • Manāhil al-īrfān fī `ulūm al-Qurān. 2 vols. Cairo: ADD. 2 vols. 1362/1943.
    • Manāhil al-'irfān fl 'ulum al-Qur'ān, 2 vols., Cairo: Dar Ihya' al-Kutub al-'Arabiyya, n.d

    Zayd ibn `Alī (c. 78-120 AH = c. XXX-XXX CE).

    • Tafsīr al-Shahīd Zayd ibn `Alī al-musamma Tafsīr Gharīb al-Qur'ān. ed. Hasan Muhammad Taqi al-Ḥakīm. Beirut: Dar al-`Alamiyya, 1412/1992 (438pp.)

    Zayd ibn Thabit (d. c. 34-5/655 or d. c. 45/665).

    See EI2 vol. 11: 

    According to  select traditions found, for example, in Bukhari, Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud Zayd ibn Thabit was a key figure in the collection of the Qur'ān in the period of the Caliph Uthmān ibn `Affān (d. 35/656). As secretary to the Prophet Muhammad he is believed to have copied, complied and edited the Qur'ān. See  al-Tabari, Jāmi` al-Bayān I: 50-61; the art. in EI2 vol. 11: ADD.