Antichrist Dajjal : Select Bibliography, Abrahamic and Babi-Baha'i

Antichrist Dajjal IV :

Select Updated Bibliography, Abrahamic and Babi-Baha'i

 Stephen Lambden UC Merced.

IN PROGRESS - 25-03-2018

PART I - JUDAISM & CHRISTIANITY

ἀντίχριστος

Anon

  • 1891. The Computation of 666 and its relation to Antichristian systems, but having reference to a person, the coming Antichrist, who is to be overthrown by the Sun of Righteousness. By Two Servants of Christ.London : Nisbet & Co., 1891,  398 pp.
  • 1893. A Description of Antichrist in Latin [from ms. 36 in the Stadtbibliothek at Treves].. English printed book Mentioned in W. Cat;
  •  

Alexander,  P.J.

  • 1967 The Oracle of Baalbeck: The Tiburtine Sibyl in Greek Dress. Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks,1967)

Arendzen, J.P.

  • 1901   `A New Syriac Text of the Apocalyptic Part of the "Testament of the Lord",’  Journal of theological Studies II:401-411????

Benesh, Gary 

  • A history of the interpretation of the Antichrist concept through the reformation of the sixteenth century. 1984, M. Div. Emmanuel School of Religion 1984 (Disssertation). vi, 104 pp. 

Berger, K.

  • 1976  Die Griechische Daniel‑Diegese Eine Altkirchliche Apokalypse.. Leiden:  E. J.  Brill

Bousset,Wilhelm (1865-1920). .

  • 1896  The Antichrist Legend [trans. by A.H. Keane] London : Hutchinson, 1896 
  • The antichrist legend : a chapter in Christian and Jewish folklore.Atlanta, Ga. : Scholars Press, 1999.  xxxi, 307 pp.  = W. Bousset ; translated by A.H. Keane ; introduction by D. Frankfurter.
  • 1899  `Antichrist' in Encyclopedia Biblica (ed. Cheyne and Black  London 1899)
  • 1903  Antichrist in the Encyclopedia Biblica. [l Vol.ed] pp.103?
  • 19XX  Antichrist in Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (ERE) l:XXXf.

Bruce, F F 

  • Antichrist in the Early Church : Prophecy Investigation Society's meetings, 2nd April, 1959 [Aids to prophetic study, no. 92] Blackburn : Durham & Sons, 1959. 27pp. 

Burr, D..

  • Antichrist and Islam in medieval Franciscan exegesis By: Medieval Christian perceptions of Islam: a book of essays. Ed. J.V.Tolan: Garland, New York p. 131-152, 1996.

Buttenweiser, M

  • Die hebraische Elias‑Apokalypse.  Leipzig: 1897.
  • Apocalyptic. Literature  Neo-Hebraic. in JE 1:682

Charles, R.H.

  • 1917  The Ascension of Isaiah.  London: SPCK, 1917.

Charlesworth,  J.H.

  • `Jewish Astrology in the Talmud Pseudepigrapha, The Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Palestinian Synagogues' in Harvard Theological Review Vol. 70 (1977) 183‑200.
  • 1981 The Pseudepigrapha and Modern Research (+Supp.), Scholars Press.

Cheyne, T.K. and Black, X X.(eds.)

  • Encyclopedia Biblica.   London:      1903.

Cooper, J and A.J. MacLean's

  • 1902  The Testament of the Lord Edinburgh:

Cyril of Jerusalem,

  • Cathchetical Lectures, in W. Telfer (ed) The Library of Christian Classics, Vol.IV (= Cyril of Jerusalem and Nemesius of Emesa).

Dan, J.

  • ???      in EJ ll:l4l3.

Darmester, J.

  • 1887  L' Apocalypse Persane de Daniel,  in Melanges Renier (Paris 1887), 405-420;
  • 1935  Apocalypse,'  in  Jewish Studies in Memory of G. A. Kohut, 1874- 1933.  New York: XXX, 423‑428.

Denis, A. M. (ed.)

  • 1970 (ed)   Fragmenta Pseudipraphorum quae supersunt  (= PVTG. 3). Leiden: E. J. Brill.
  • 1970    Introduction aux Pseudepigraphes grecs d' Ancien Testament. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Dyer, G.J.

  • 1967  `Antichrist' (Pt II) in The New Catholic Encyclo~edia, (=NCE) Vol.l. London:

ERel. = M. Eliade et al. eds.. The Encyclopaedia of Religion, 16 vols. in 8. New York: Collier Macmillan and Free Press, 1987.

Enc.Jud. = Encyclopaedia Judaica. 16 Vols. Jerusalem: Keter, 1971-2.  + CD version 1999.

  • Encyclopédia Judaica.  Vol.3 Jerusalem: Keter, 1972

EJR = The Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion.   R.J.Werblowsky + G.Widoger (eds.) London 1967).

Emmerson,  Richard Kenneth.

  • Antichrist in the Middle Ages: a study of medieval apocalypticism, art, and literature ; Muḥammad, the Prophet. Univ. Washington Press, Seattle p. 366, 1981.
  • 1981 Antichrist in the Middle Ages : a study of medieval apocalypticism, art, and literature..Seatle: University of Washington Press, 1981.+ 1982.  2nd ed. Manchester : Manchester Univ. Press, 1984.

Feuillot, A.

  • 1966  Johannine Studies. (trans. Rev. T. E. Crane) New York: .

Friedländer, Moritz 

  • Der Antichrist in den vorchristlichen jüdischen quellen. Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1901. xxviii, 193 pp.

Froom, L. E.

  • 1950  The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, Vol.l Washington: 1950 337f.

Fuller,  Robert C.,  

  • Naming the Antichrist : the history of an American obsession. New York : Oxford University Press, 1995

Grattan Guinness, H

  • Light for the Last Days.

Gruenwald, I

  • 1980   Apocalyptic and Merkavah Mysticism.  Leiden, Brill 1980

Guerrier,L and S.Grebaut (eds.)

  • Testament in Galilee of our Lord  [Patrologia Orientalis 9.3) Paris 1912,  pp.

HDB = Hastings Dictionary of the Bible

Hennecke, E.

  • (ed. W . Schneemelcher & trans R. Mc. L. Wilson) New Testament Apocrypha. Vol.1.  Philadelphia: SCM., 1965.

 Heid, Stefan 

  • Chiliasmus und Antichrist-Mythos : eine frühchristliche Kontroverse um das Heilige Land. Bonn : Borengässer, 1993. xxxiii, 248 pp.

Hill. Christopher,

  • Antichrist in seventeenth-century England, London ; New York : Verso, 1990."Delivered at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne on 3, 4, and 5 November 1969" :vi, 205 pp.

Hippolytus

  • 1883  Treatise on Christ and Antichrist. trans. in Ante‑Nicene Christian Library, Vol.IX Edinburgh:        1883, 3‑45
  • Neumann, Karl Johannes, 1857-1917.Hippolytus von Rom in seiner Stellung zu Staat und Welt : neue Funde und Forschungen zur Geschichte von Staat und Kirche in der römischen Kaiserzeit. Leipzig : Veit & Comp., 1902. 143 pp.

Houghton, H.P.

  • 1959   `The Coptic Apocalypse. Pt. III Akhmimise: `The Apocalypse of Elias' Aegyptus 39 (1959), pp. ??????

Huart, Clement.

  • 1901  Le Livre de la creation et de It historie d'Abou‑Zeid Ahmed ben Sahl el Balkhi  II (Paris, 1901)

Hughes,  Kevin L Hughes

  • 2005. Constructing antichrist : Paul, biblical commentary, and the development of doctrine in the early Middle Ages, Washington, D.C. : Catholic University of America Press, 2005..

"The figure of Antichrist has gripped the Christian imagination for two thousand years. But Antichrist does not spring fully formed from the pages of Scripture. Rather, he emerges over a millennium of reflection on hints and clues scattered throughout Scripture and Christian tradition. In particular, the image of Antichrist is tied in a vital way to the man medieval Christians knew simply as 'the Apostle' - St. Paul." "Constructing Antichrist engages readers with the question : what does Paul have to do with the Antichrist? Integrating new scholarship in apocalypticism and the history of exegesis, this book is the first longitudinal study of the role of Paul in apocalyptic thought. Readers will gain new appreciation for the theological weight of medieval exegesis generally and for the persistence of apocalypticism in the medieval Christian imagination as it dared to envision the Adversary."--Dust Jacket

    Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855), 

    •  

    Ibn Maja al-Qazwini,

    • Sunan, Cairo 1972,

    IDB =    Interpretor's Dictionary of the Bible.  Vol.l. New York:

    Jeffery, Arthur (b. Melbourne, 1892-d. Nova Scotia,1959).

    • The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur’ān. Baroda: Oriental Institute, Baroda. 1938. Rep. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2007.

    James. E

    • `Man of Sin and Antichrist' in HDB Vol:276f.

    James, M.R.

    • 1893  Apocrypha Anecdota I (= Texts and Studies 11.3) Cambridge:???

    Jenks, Gregory C

    • The Origins and Early Development of the Antichrist Myth [ Series: Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche] . Berlin : De Gruyter, 1991, 

    Kauder, E.

    • `Antichrist'  NIDNTT  ??

    Klatzkin  `Armilus' EJ 3:476f

    Kulaynī, Abū Ja`far Muhammad (d. 329/941).

    • al-Kāfī [al-Shaykh al-Kulaynī]. 5th ed. 8 vols. ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghafārī.  Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islamiyya. 1363-1367 Sh. /1984-1988.
    • al-Uṣul min al-Kāfī (vols. 1-2). ed. `Alī Akbar Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā, 1405/1985.

    Lambden, Stephen.

    • `Hurqalya Publications’ or Stephen Lambden personal Website = http://hurqalya.ucmerced.edu/
    • `Some Aspects of Isrā’īliyyāt and the Emergence of the Bābī- Bahā’ī Interpretation of the Bible’. Unpublished 1980s/2002, PhD. thesis
    • (ed.) BSB = Bahá'í Studies Bulletin. Newcastle upon Tyne: Hūrqalyā Publications, 1982>. Web version here : http://hurqalya.ucmerced.edu/journals/bsb
    • 1998 `Eschatology: Bābī-Bahā'ī' EIr. VIII: 581-2

    McGinn,B.

    • 1979    Visions of the End. Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages. Columbia University Press.

    Muir Wright, Rosemary

    • 1995, Art and antichrist in medieval Europe. Manchester, UK ; New York : Manchester University Press ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1995.

    "In this fascinating study of medieval iconography, Rosemary Muir Wright looks at the changing image of the Antichrist (and his female counterpart, the Whore of Babylon) through seven centuries. Taking the Beatus tradition as her starting point, Wright draws on many previously unpublished illuminated manuscripts, from throughout Europe. These illustrate the way in which the image of Antichrist was used, and how it changed through the centuries in response to the political environment. She examines its use for propaganda purposes during times of religious and political crises. The volume finishes with a detailed analysis of the image of the Whore of Babylon. This unique study will be extremely valuable to art historians and historians of the medieval period"

    Nau. F.

    • `Revelations et legendes: Methodius, Clement Andronicus' in  Journal Asiatique.  XI.9 (1917), 425‑62. 

    NIDNTT = New International Dictionary of Tesatament Theology.

      Peerbolte, L J Lietaert

    •  The antecedents of Antichrist : a traditio-historical study of the earliest Christian views on eschatological opponents [= Supplements to the Journal for the study of Judaism, v. 49.] Leiden ; New York : Brill, 1996. . xiv, 380 pp.

    "The present volume discusses the earliest Christian views on eschatological opponents and their backgrounds in contemporary Judaism. It treats the rich variety of early Christian speculations on the subject and shows that, within this variety, a continuity with Jewish speculations is to be discerned. Part One of this book treats the early Christian passages of the period up to Irenaeus that contain speculations on the coming of an eschatological opponent. Part Two offers a survey of Jewish expectations that formed the basis for the Christian speculations discussed. After the General Conclusion the book finishes with an extensive Bibliography and an Index. The book is of interest for any student of early Christian eschatology and the continuity between early Christianity and contemporary Judaism."

    Rabin, C

    • 1957 Qumran Studies Oxford:

    Rist, M

    • `Antichrist' IDB l:1?0.
    • `Elijah, Apocalypse of' IDB. l:88

    Renan,  Ernest 

    • Der antichrist. Leipzig, F.A. Brockhaus 1873,

    • Renan's antichrist, Trans. London : Walter Scott, 1909.

    Rosenstiehl,  J. M.

    • 1967  `Le Portrait de'l Antichrist' in M. Philoneko (ed), Pseudepigraphes de'l Ancien Testament et manuscrits de la Morte. Paris:?? 1967), 45‑60
    • 1972   L' Apocalypse d'Elie.  Paris:     1972.

    Shaffer, Kenneth M 

    • The evolution of the Antichrist in early Christian apocalypticism. Independent study--Bethany Theological Seminary, 1970.Typescript. 92pp.

    SBE = Sacred Books of the East. (ed.) F. Max Muller. rept. Delhi, 1970

    Segal, A.F.

    • 1971   `Ruler of the World..' in Jewish and Christian Self‑Definition. Vol 2. (ed. E.P. Sanders, et al.) London: SCM 1971.

    Stone, M.E.

    • Antichrist' EJ 3:60.
    • 1982 `The Metamorphosis of Ezra: Jewish Apocalypse and Medieval Vision' in Journal of Theological Studies (NS) Vol. XXXIII (1982), 1‑18

    Stone and J.Strugnell (coll. and trans.)

    • 1979 The Books of Elijah. Parts 1‑2   Scholars Press 1979.

    Russell, D.S.

    • 1971  The Method and Message of Jewish Apocalyptic.  XXX: SCM., 1971

    Tisehendorff, K. von. 

    • 1866  Greek Revelation of [Pseudo-] John in  Apocalypses Apocryphae  (Leipzig 1866) 70‑94 in McGinn, 1979:55.

    Vermes,G.

    • 1977 The Dead Sea Scrolls, Qumran in Perspective. London;     

    Victorinus,

    • 1899 Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John in The Ante-­Nicene Fathers..   vol.7 New York:      1899f.

    Vielhauer, P.

    • `Apocalyptic in Early Christianity', in E Hennecke, [Ed. W . Schneemelcher & trans R. Mc.L. Wilson, New Testament Apocrypha. Vol.1. (SCM./9W~).

    Walker, A. 

    • 1870   `Greek Revelation of [Pseudo-] John' (trans.) in  Ante‑Nicene Christian Library.  Vol. XVI  Edinburgh:pp. 4393ff.

    West, E. W.

    • (trans.) `Bundahis' in Pahlavi Texts,Pt.l. (in SBE

    Zotenbarg, H.

    • 1870  Gesichte Daniel  q / Ein Apokryph.  in Archiv Wiss. Erf d. AT  Vol.l (1870) 385‑427.

     

    PART 2 - ISLAM

     

    Abel, A.

    •  “al-Dad̲j̲d̲j̲āl”  EI2 vol II. Leiden: Brill,1965., pp. 76-7
    • in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 29 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1654>

              First published online: 2012

     

    Abū Dāʼūd. Sulaymān ibn al-Ashʻath al-Sijistānī

    •  

    Algar, Hamid

    • 1972   `The Oppositional Role of the `Ulama'  in Twentieth-Century Iran' in N. R. Keddie (ed.) Scholars, Saints and Sufis.. XXX: University of California Press., pp. 231-255.
    • `Dajjal' EIr. Vol. VI, Fasc. 6, pp. 603-606, 1993 [2011].

    Arberry, Arthur J (d. 1969).

    • The Koran Interpreted. London: Allen & Unwin, 1955; repr., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

    Akimushkin, O. F.; Ivanov, A. A.;

    • Une école artistique méconnue: Boxara au XVIIe siècle. Notes sur les calligraphes et les peintres de la Bibliothèque des Aštarxânides d'après Moḥammad-Amin Boxâri. (Summary: A previously unknown artistic school: Boxârâ in the 17th century.) By: Bukhārī-yi Sufyānī, Muḥammad Amīn b. Mīrzā. Art et société dans le monde iranien. Volume préparé par C.Adle. Hunar wa jāmi`ah dar jihān-i Īrān bah kūshish-i Shahriyār `Adl: Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, Paris p. 127-139, 1982

    Alphandery, P

    • Mahomet-Antichrist dans le Moyen Age latin’  //Muḥammad, The Prophet. Mélanges H. Derembourg, 1909, p. 261-277,

    Bell, R.

    • 1926 The Origin of Islam in its Christian Environment. Edinburgh:

    Brady, D

    • 1978 `The Book of Revelation and the Qur'ān: Is there a possible literary relationship', in Journal of Semitic Studies. Vol. XXIII (1978) 216-225.

    Bican, Ahmet + Laban Kaptein; Ahmet Bican

    • Apocalypse and the Antichrist Dajjal in Islam : Ahmed Bijan's eschatology revisited. Asch : Privately published, 2011. xvii, 230 pp,

    "The 2007 critical edition of Ahmed Bijan's cosmography "Dürr-i meknûn" (DM) has greatly stimulated interest in what must be considered the book's prequel, "Eindtijd en Antichrist", a detailed analysis of DM's Chapter 17 about the 'Signs of the Hour'. To meet demand a revised English edition of "Eindtijd en Antichrist" is now available. Originally written in 1997 in the Dutch language, this study was and remains the sole monograph devoted entirely to Ahmed Bijan's eschatology, and the little researched Islamic Antichrist: the terrible Dajjal. Kaptein offers an extensive, detailed analysis of topoi and themes that make up the figure of Dajjal and the account of the End of the World. It also becomes clear that Bijan was not an 'apocalyptic' and that he did not in any way employ End Time imagery to comment on his own times and tribulations. Next the remaining question gets answered: why then did Ahmed Bijan write what he wrote in the way that he did? There is also a hearty discussion on method: it appears that the field of Middle East Studies needs a thorough revision of its ways of studying the time honoured genre of The End of the World. Only too often is the research guided by one's personal expectations about a given period rather than its relevant contemporary texts. Then there's the abundance of plain truisms, rounded Year 1000's and sweeping statements that obscure more than they clarify. And surely no meaningful results can come from the sort of reasoning that proclaims persons or periods to be apocalyptic because they are either anonymous, silent on the matter or absent altogether... which is then quoted as 'proof' that they must be apocalyptic, why else would they try and hide it!"

    Browne, Edward.G.  (d. 1926)

    • 1891 A Traveller's Narrative .. Vol II. Cambridge:
    •  

    al-Bukharī, Abū 'Abd-Allāh Muhammad ibn Ismā'īl (d.256/870).

    • Kitāb Jami` al- Ṣaḥīḥ. Ed. Ludolf Krehl + W. Juynboll. 4 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1862-1908.
    • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1997.
    • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī. Arabic-Engliah. Translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. 6 vols. Lahore: Ashraf, 1978-1980 + Riyadh, Saudi Arabia : Dār al-Salām, 1997. 

    Carra de Vaux, B.,

               First published online: 2012

    Browne, Edward, G. (d.1926)

    • A year amongst the Persians: impressions as to the life, character, & thought of the people of Persia, received during twelve months' residence in that country in the years 1887-1888. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1893.      
    • `A Summary of the Persian Bayan’, Section 3 (pp. 316 - 406) in M Momen ed. Selections from the writings of E. G. Browne on the Bábí and Bahá'í Religions. Oxford: George Ronald, 1987.

    al-Bukharī, Abū 'Abd-Allāh Muhammad ibn Ismā'īl (d.256/870).

    • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1997.
    • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī. Arabic-Engliah. Translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia : Dār al-Salām, 1997. 

    Carra De Vaux, B.

    • “al-Dadjdjāl,” EI1, pp. 886-87.

    Chaudhry, Muhammad Sharif 

    • March towards the Doomsday : signs of the Doomsday, advent of al-Mehdi, emergence of Dajjal ... Lahore : Burhan Education Foundation, 2004. .v, 183 pp.

    Cook, David B.,

    • An early Islamic apocalyptic chronicle in. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 1993, Vol. 52 Issue i, pp. 25-29
    • Moral apocalyptic in Islam in. Studia Islamica, 1997, Vol. 86, pp. 37-69,
    • Muslim apocalyptic and jihād in Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 1996, Vol. 20, pp. 66-104
    • Studies in Muslim apocalyptic, Princeton 2002
    • Contemporary Muslim apocalyptic literature, Syracuse 2005
    • “Dajjāl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 29 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_25826>

              First published online: 2012

    Corbin, H. 

    • 1977  Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth.. (trans. Nancy Pearson) Princeton??: Princeton University Press.

    Conklin Akbari, S.; Akbari, S. C.;

    • The rhetoric of antichrist in Western lives of Muhammad By: Muḥammad, the Prophet. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 1997, Vol. 8 Issue iii, p. 297-307.

    Donaldson, Dwight, M.

    • 1933   The Shi`ite R eligion.  London: 

    EI 1st ed. First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

    EI2= Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Leiden: Brill. ed. P. Bearman, et al., 1954-2005.

    EI3 = Encyclopaedia of Islam, Third Edition, Leiden: Brill. ed. Kate Fleet, et. al, . Koninklijke Brill NV. (Online ed.).

    EIr =  Encyclopaedia Iranica, ed. Ehsan Yarshater et. al., London, 1982-., Online edition, New York, 1996- Available at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles

    ERel. =  M. Eliade et al. eds.. The Encyclopaedia of Religion, 16 vols. in 8. New York: Collier Macmillan and Free Press, 1987.

    Enc.Jud. =  Encyclopaedia Judaica. 16 Vols. Jerusalem: Keter, 1971-2.  + CD version 1999.

    Flandin, Eugene.

    • 1851  Souvenirs de Voyagen en Armenie et en Perse: II Teheren et Ispahan (in Revede Deux Mondes. Vol. II. Paris 1851).

    Gätje, H.

    • 1971 The Qur'ān and its Exegesis (trans. A.T. Welch, London

    Halperin, D. J.

    • The Ibn Sayyād traditions and the legend of ul-Dajjāl’ in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1976 (vol. 96), 213-225.

    Ibn `Asakir, `Ali b. al-Hasan

    • Tahdhib Ta'rikh Dimashq al-Kabir, Beirut 1979,

    Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad ibn Muhammad (d. 241/855).

    • al-Musnad (The Supported) ed. anon. 6 vols. Cairo 1311-13/1894-6.

    Ibn Isḥāq (d.151/765).

    • al-Sīrah al-nabawiyya. 2 vols. Ed. Aḥmad F. Al-Mazīdī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, 2004.
    • The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Isḥāq’s Sīrat Rasūl Allāh. trans. A. Guillaume. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955.

    Ibn Mājah, Muḥammad ibn Yazīd (XX).

    • Sunan Ibn Mājah : the sixth correct Tradition of the Prophetic Sunna, English - Arabic text. In 4 vols. trans. Mohammad Mahdi al-Sharif. Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2008.

    Hartmann, R..

    • Der Sufyāni By: Stud. Or. Pedersen, 1953, pp. 141-151,

    Jeffery, Arthur (b. Melbourne, 1892-d. Nova Scotia,1959).

    • The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur’ān. Baroda: Oriental Institute, Baroda. 1938. Rep. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2007.

    Jenkinson, J.E.

    • 1930 The Moslem Anti‑Christ Legend in Moslem World 20 (1930), 50‑55.

     Juraij,. Ahmad 

    • Mengenali Dajjal & Ya'juj wa Ma'juj. In Malay, Kuala Lumpur : Jasmin Enterprise, 2003. viii, 230 p

    Kaptein, L.; Bīcān, Aḥmed.

    • Eindtijd en Antichrist (ad-Dağğāl) in de Islam: eschatologie bij Aḥmed Bīcān (died ca. 1466) Onderzoekschool CNWS, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, Leiden p. 277, 1997.

    Kaptein, L; Van Doorn-Harder, N.

    • Eindtijd en Antichrist (ad-Daggal) in de Islam By: Leiden, 1997

    Kulaynī, Abū Ja`far Muhammad (d. 329/941).

    • al-Kāfī [al-Shaykh al-Kulaynī]. 5th ed. 8 vols. ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghafārī.  Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islamiyya. 1363-1367 Sh. /1984-1988.
    • al-Uṣul min al-Kāfī (vols. 1-2). ed. `Alī Akbar Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā, 1405/1985.

    Lambden, Stephen.

    • `Hurqalya Publications’ or Stephen Lambden personal Website = http://hurqalya.ucmerced.edu/
    • `Some Aspects of Isrā’īliyyāt and the Emergence of the Bābī- Bahā’ī Interpretation of the Bible’. Unpublished 1980s/2002, PhD. thesis
    • (ed.) BSB = Bahá'í Studies Bulletin. Newcastle upon Tyne: Hūrqalyā Publications, 1982>. Web version here : http://hurqalya.ucmerced.edu/journals/bsb
    • 1998 `Eschatology: Bābī-Bahā'ī' EIr. VIII: 581-2

    Madelung, Wilferd;

    •  "The Sufyanl between Tradition and History", Studia Islamica 63 (1986), pp. 5-48;
    • "Apocalyptic Prophecies in Hims in the Umayyad Age", Journal of Semitic Studies 31 (1986), pp. 141-185;
    • Abū 'l-`Amayṭar the Sufyānī Abū 'l-`Amayṭar `Alī b.`Abd Allāh, Umayyad pretender. Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 2000, Vol. 24, pp. 327-342.
    • The Sufyānī between tradition and history in Studia Islamica, 1986, Vol. 63, p5-48.
    •  

    Majlisī, Muhammad Bāqir (d. 1111/1699-1700).

    • Bihar 1st ed, XIII, lithographed ed., n.p., 1870-1911 pp.
    • Bihar2 = Biḥār al-anwār (2nd ed.) 110 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, 1376-94/1956-74 and 1403/1983.
    • Beḥār al-anwār 2 LII, 1393/1973 pp.     ' .

    Momen, Moojan,  

    • 1999. The Baha’I Faith and Islam. Oxford: George Ronald, 1999.

    Montgomery Watt, W,

    • Muḥammad Prophet And Statesman. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

    Muslim / Muslim ibn al-Hajjāj Abū al-Ḥusayn, al-Qushayrī (d. 261/875).  

    • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Cairo: Dār Iḥyā al-kutub al-`Arabiyya, 1374/ 1955.
    • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 10 vols. ed. Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Nawawī. Beirut: Dār al-Ma‘rifah, 1994.

    Muslim,

    • Saḥīḥ, Kītāb al-fitan, bāb fī fatḥ Qusṭanṭiniyya wa-khurūj al-Dajjāl, bāb fī dhikr Ibn Sayyād, bāb fī dhikr al-Dajjāl wa-ṣifātihi, bāb fī ṣifāt al-Dajjāl, bāb fī khurūj al-Dajjāl, 4 vols., Beirut n.d.

    Farhang Mehrvash,

    Halperin, D. J.

    • The Ibn Sayyād traditions and the legend of ul-Dajjāl’ in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1976 (vol. 96), 213-225.

    Qasmi, Matloob Ahmed

    • Emergence of Dajjal, the Jewish king. New Delhi, India : Adam Publishers & Distributors, 2003, 82 pp.

    Nuʿaym b. Hammād,

    • Kitāb al-fitan, ed. Suhayl Zakkār, Beirut 1991

    Ibn Kathīr,

    • al-Nihāya fī l-fitan wa-l-malāḥim, Cairo n.d.

    Livine-Kafri, Ofer.

    • LUKAʿ B. LUKAʿ IN MUSLIM APOCALYPTIC TRADITIONS in Quaderni di Studi Arabi, Nuova Serie (Istituto per l'Oriente C. A. Nallino), Vol. 1 (2006), pp. 49-53,
    • "Jerusalem in Muslim Traditions of the End of Days", Cathedra, 86 (1998), pp. 50-56 (in Hebrew).

    Marwazi, Nu`aym ibn Hammad al Marwazi (d. 842 AD).

    • Kitab al-fitan wa'l-malahim, ed. Majdi b. Mansur ibn Sayyid al-Shura, Beirut 1997,

    al-Mawlawī, Muḥammad ʻAbd al-Ḥalīm

     

    al-Nasāʼī Aḥmad ibn Shuʻayb Nasāʼī

    •  

    Robson, J.

    • trans. Mishkat al‑Masabih  trans. J. Robson (2 Vol. ed. Lahore 1975),

     Sachedina, `Abdulaziz Abdulhussein.

    • 1981 Islamic Messianism. New York:??

    Sagaster, K..

    • Kesar, der islamische Antichrist By: Documenta Barbarorum: Festschrift für W.Heissig zum 70. Geburtstag. Hrsg. K.Sagaster u. M.Weiers: Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden p. 341-348, 1983

    Saritoprak, Zeki

    • The legend of al-Dajjāl (Antichrist): the personification of evil in the Islamic tradition in Muslim World: a Journal devoted to the Study of Islam and Christian-Muslim relations, 2003, Vol. 93 Issue ii, pp. 291-308
    • A legend about Dajjāl or anti-Christ traced to Chinese By: Mahdihassan, S.. Hamdard Islamicus, 1982, Vol. 5 Issue iv, pp. 109-110.

    Scott, Ayesha Abdullah

    • Dajjal and the trial blazer of Isa a.s. Kuala Lumpur : Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka ; Kuala Lumpur : Pustaka Yamien, 2004. 26 pp.

     Shahryar, Aftab 

    • Dajjal : the final deception.   New Delhi : Islamic Book Service, 2003. viii, 136 pp.

    al-Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn (d. 905/1506)

    • al-Durr al-manthūr fī’l-tafsīr bi’l-ma`thūr. 6 vols. Cairo, 1314/1897.
    •  al-Itqān fī ‘ulūm al-qur’ān. 7 vols. Ed. Markaz al-Dirāsāt al-Qur’āniyya . Medina: Majma‘ al-Malik Fahd li-Ṭibā‘at al-Muṣhaf al-Sharīf, 1426/2005.

    al-Ṭabarī, Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Jarīr (d. 310/922)

    • Tafsīr = Jāmi` al-bayān `an ta’wīl āy al-Qur’ān (The Assembling of the Clarificaton of the Exegesis of the verses of the Qur’ān).
    • The History of al-Tabari: Muhammad at Mecca, Vol. VI  trans.  W, Montgomery Watt and M. V. McDonald.  Albany : State University of New York Press, 1988.

    al-Ṭabrisī [Tabarsī], Abū `Alī al-Faḍl ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ṭabrisī (d. 548 /1154).

    • Majma' al-bayān fī tafsīr al-qur'ān, 6 vols. Beirut: Dār Maktabat al-Ḥayat, 1380/ 1960.
    • trans Robson, Mishkat al-Masabih. Vol.II. [henceforth MM.II] Lahore: 1975,

    al-Tabrīzī, Muhammad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Khaṭīb (d. c. 741/1340)

    • Mishkat = Mishkat al-maṣābīḥ. 3 vols. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islām.1405/1985.
    • Mishkat al-maṣābīḥ trans. James Robson, 2 vols. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf. 1975.

    al-Tirmidhī, Abū ‘Īsá Muhammad ibn ‛Īsá al-Sulamī (d. Termez, 279/892).

    • al-Jami` al-Saḥīḥ (`The Sound Collection’).
    • al-Jami` al-Saḥīḥ 6 vols. Arabic text and English translation of Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī = Ğāmiʿ al-Tirmiḏī. 6 vols. translated by, Abu Khalīl ; Aḥādith edited and referenced by, Abū Tāhir Zubair ʻAli Zaʼi; final review by Islamic Research Section Darussalam. Riyad:  Darussalam, 2007.
    • al-Jami` al-Saḥīḥ 6 vols.
    • الشمائل المحمدية
    • Al-Shamāʼil al-Muhammadiyya, Tirmidhī.
    • The Characteristics of Prophet Muhammad. Trans. and Comm. Bahaa Addin Ibrahin Ahmad Shalaby, ed. Selma Cook. Cairo [Egypt] Dār al-Manārah, 1422/2003.

    Tottoli, Roberto.

    • Ḥadīṯs and traditions in some recent books upon the Dağğāl (Antichrist)  Oriente Moderno, 2002, Vol. 21 Issue 82 i, p. 55-75.

    Tritton, A. S..

    • Ed Dajjāl, Antichrist By: Proceedings of the 5th All-India Oriental  Conference, 1930, Vol. 2, pp.1117-1127,

     Yasin Owadally, Mohammed 

    • Emergence of Dajjal : the Jewish king. Delhi : Rightway Publications, 2001. 78pp.

    Wasserstrom, Steve

    • The Moving Finger Writes: Mughīra B. Saʿīd's Islamic Gnosis and the Myths of Its Rejection' in History of Religions, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Aug., 1985), pp. 1-29.

    Watt. W. M. 

    • `Abu Sufyan' in EI2 1:157.

    Watts, R.

    • Kiab al-Muqqadas.. London: 1831.

    Wensinck, Arent Jan (1882-1939).  

    • A Handbook of Early Muḥammadan Tradition: Alphabetically Arranged. Leiden: Brill, 1927 [rep. 1971].
    •   et al., Concordance et indices de la tradition musulmane. 8 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1936–88.

    Wensinck, A. J.,

               First published online: 2012

    • SEI= `Al-Dadjdjāl,' EI1 = SEI:67
    • Arent Jan Wensinck (ed.), Concordance et indices de la tradition musulmane, 8 vols. in 4, Leiden 1992  A Handbook of Early Muḥammadan Tradition: Alphabetically Arranged. Leiden: Brill, 1927 [rep. 1971].
    • 1971 A Handbook of Early Muhammedan Traditions. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1971.
    •   et al., Concordance et indices de la tradition musulmane. 8 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1936–88.

    Wolf, K.B

    • Muḥammad as Antichrist in ninth-century Córdoba By:.; Muḥammad, the Prophet. Christians, Muslims, and Jews in medieval and early modern Spain: interaction and cultural change. Ed. M.D.Meyerson & E.D.English: Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame (USA) p. 3-19, 2000; (AN ICHA254916)

     al-Zamaksharī, Abū al-Qasīm ( d.c. 583/1144).

    • al-Kashshāf 'an ḥaqā'iq (The Disclosure of Realities ..) ghawāmid al-tanzīl wa- 'uyun al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-ta'wīl, 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-'Arabi, 1366/1947.

    PART 3 -  BABI-BAHA'I

     [A] THE CENTRAL FIGURES,

    The Bāb, Sayyid `Alī Muhammad Shirazī (1819-1850).

    Arabic and Persian Bayāns including Frech translations of Gobineau (see bib. below) and A. L. M. Nicholas (1864-1939):

    • Ar- Bayān = al-Bayān al-`arabī in INBMC 43:1-68.
    • al-Bayān al-`Arabī, in `Abd al-Razzaq al-Ḥasani, al-Bābiyyun wa al-Bahā'iyyun fī ḥadirihim wa hadihim.  Sidon: Matba`at al-`Irfan, 1962, pp. 81-107
    • Ar. Bayan = French trans. in Gobineau 1865 [2nd ed. 1866 see bib. below] as an Appendix entitled `Ketab-É-Hukkam’ [sic.] (Le livre des préceptes), pp. 461-543.
    • Ar-Béyan trans. Nicolas 1905 = Le Béyan Arabe, Le Livre Sacré Bábyse. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1905.
    • Per. Bayān = Bayān-i Farsī. Azali printed edition [Tehran nd.] 
    • Kitāb-i mustatab-i Bayān-i Farsī, INBMC vol. 24, dated 1954 as photocopy dated, 123 BE/ 1967.
    • Persian Bayān. UCLA Library: Special Collections. Box 97, MSS 741.  
    • Per. Béyan = Le Béyan Persan, trans. A. L. M. Nicolas, 4 vols. Paris: Librarie Paul Geuthner, 1911-14.
    • Ar. Dala’il = in Dalā'il-i sab`ah. np.nd. [Azalī ed. Tehran, 196?] [pp.](alif-nūn);   
    • Per. Dala’il = Dalā'il-i sab`a `Arabī va Farsī. n.p. n.d. (= Azalī edition [Tehran,196?]) 1-72.
    • Per. Dalā’il = Dalā'il-i sab`ah. np.nd (Azali printing based on several mss.).
    • S-Preuves = Le Livre des Sept Preuves de la mission du Bab. Paris: Maisonneuvre, 1902
    • K- Haykal = Haykal al-dīn. (The Temple of Religion”) np.nd [Tehran, Azalī ed. 196?].
    • `Letter to the Imam / ` People of the City of Medīna’) In INBMC 91: 23-25.
    • `Letter to Salmān’ in INBMC 91: 52-56.  
    • K-Panj-S = Kitāb-i panj sha'n. (“The Book of the Five Modes”), np.nd. [Tehran Azali ed. mid.1960s]
    • Qayyūm al-asmā’ / Tafsīr Sūrat Yūsif (Qur’ān 12) = QA.  [1] QA. INBMC III. Pagination usually refers to this early ms. [2] QA = Qayyūm al-asmā’ Afnān Lib. ms.5 (copy of ms. dated 1261/1845).
    •  S-Haramayn = Ṣaḥīfa bayn al-ḥaramayn. CUL, Browne Or. Ms. F 7(9):1-125; TBA. ms. 6007C, 348-413.
    • Tafsīr Sūrat al-ḥamd (Commentary on the Surah of Praise, Q.1) INBMC 69: 2-13.
    • Tafsīr Sūrat wa’l-Aṣr (Commentary on the Surah of the Declining Day’ Q. 103) in INBMC 69: 21-119.
    • Tafsīr Sūrat al-Baqara (`Commentary on the Sūrah of the Cow’, Q. 2, 1843-4) in INBMC 69: 157- 410.

    Translations

    SWB =  Selections from the Writings of the B_b.  Haifa: Bahá'í Wrld Centre, 1976.

    Bahā’-Allāh, Mirza Ḥusayn `Ali Nūrī, (1817-1892).  

    • AQA = Āthār-i qalam-i a`lā. Vol. IV. Tehran: MMMA: 125 B.E./1968.
    • Aqdas = The Kitáb-i-Aqdas. The Most Holy Book. Haifa: BWC, 1992/5.
    • Days of Remembrance: Selections From the Writings of Baha’u’llah for Baha’i Holy Days.  Haifa: Bahā’ī World Centre, 2017.
    • ESW [Persian] = L-Shaykh = Lawḥ.-i Ibn-i Dhi’b (“Epistle to the son of the Wolff”) = Lawḥ-i Khiṭāb bi-Shaykh Muḥammad Taqíī Mujtahid-i Iṣfahānī ma`ruf bi Najafī. Cairo: nd. 1338/1919-20.
    • ESW = Epistle to the Son of the Wolf (trans. Shoghi Effendi). Wilmette: BPT., rev. ed., 1971(76).
    • Jawahir = Jawāhir al-asrār. Brazil: Bahā’ī Publishing Trust. 160 BE/2003.  See also Mss. [1] INBMC 46:1ff [2] INBMC 99. Printings, AQA 3:4-88.
    • Jawahir trans. = Gems of the Divine Mysteries, Javāhiru’l-Asrār. Haifa : Baha’I World Centre, 2002.
    • KI = Kitāb-i īqān, Hofheim-Langenhain: Bahā'ī-Verlag, 1998/ 155 BE (= rep. K. īqān, Egypt, 1934); trans. Kitáb-i-Iqán: The Book of Certitude (tr. Shoghi Effendi). Wilmette, Illinois: BPT.,1989.
    • L-Creator = `O Thou Creator!’ ms (trans. Hebrew University, Jerusalem).
    • L-Hurufat = [Tafsīr] L- Ḥurūfāt al-muqaṭṭa`ah. Haifa ms. [2] INBMC 36:212-242; [3] Mā’idah-‘ āsmānī, IV:49-86.
    • L-Jawhar-i Ḥamd (“Tablet of the Essence of Praise”) in INBMC 35:161-168.
    • L-Khātam = Lawḥ-i khātam al-nabiyyīn. (ms), an untitled Tablet to a certain Ḥasan-i Shāhābadī containing important statements touching upon the Qur’ān 33:40 and related matters. A printed text is found in Bakhtāvār, Risāla-‘ Istimrār (The Treatise on Continuity), 1972 (see bib. below), page 72. In the late 1980s or early 1990s  Khazeh Fananapazir  shared a ms. copy of this text with me in a personal communication. His full translation with useful notes  can be accessed at :                                 

    : https://bahai-library.com/bahaullah_lawh_hasan_shahabadi

    • [as Mīrzā Āqā Jān, Khadim Allāh] L-Khalīl [Ibrahīm] = The Tablet to Khalīl (the Friend/ Ibrahīm) on the Sinaitic mission of Moses. See ms. XXX  (in BSB 1986). First part is printed in Ma’ida IV: 38-41. See further for a ms. text translation and commentry Stephen Lambden in BSB, 1986 ‘The Mysteries of the Call of Moses’ (see below).  
    • Lawḥ-i Khalīl [Shirazi], Mirza Ibrahīm Muballigh Shīrāzī ms in TBA ms. 3003C (photocopy in personal library), pp.1-30. 
    • L-Liqā’ = Lawḥ-i Liqā’ (Tablet of the Meeting with God) in Mā’ida-‘ āsmānī, VIII: 69-70.
    • L-Sarraj = Lawḥ.-i Sarrāj (Tablet to `Alī Muhammad Sarrāj), Ma’idih VII: 4-118; [2] INBMC 73:198-231.
    • L-Tajalliyāt = Lawh-i Tajalliyāt (Tablet of Effulhences) in Majmu`a 1980, pp. 63-71; trans. BWC., TBAA., 1980, pp.     (see below).

    Ma’ida = `Abd al-Ḥamīd, Ishraq Khāvarī (ed.)

    • Mā'idah-yi āsmānī. vols. 1, 4, 7 and 8 (= writings of Bahā’u’llāh). Tehran: MMM., 128-9 BE/1971-2.

    Majmu`ah 1980 + Translation (TBAA):

    • Majmu`ah = Majmu`ah min alwāḥ Ḥaḍrat-i Bahā’-Allāh. Belgium, 137 BE/ 1980.  
    • TBAA = Tablets of Bahá’u’lláh revealed after the Kitáb-i-Aqdas. Haifa: Baha’i World Centre, 1978. Reprints include US Bahá’í Publishing Trust, Wilmette, Illinois, 1988  English translations of sixteen or so major Tablets of Bahā’-Allāh by Shoghi Effendi and others (original texts are printed in Majmu`ah, 1980  above). 
    • AQA =
    • ESW =  Lawh‑i Ibn‑i Dhi'b
    • Law‑i mubarak  khitab bih Shaykh Muammad Taqi [Najafi] (np.nd.)
    • ESW trans. Shoghi Effendi, Epistle to the Son of the Wolf
    • Surat al‑haykal in Alwah‑i Baha`u'llah..  mushtamil bar S_rat al‑Haykal.. Bombay: 1308/1892‑3)+ AQA 4:268-300.
    • Trans. Anton F. Haddad, Surat'ul-Hykl. Chicago: Behais Supply and Publishing Board , 1900, partially cited in H. Holley's  Bah_i Scriptures.  New York: 1923/28).
    • K I =  Kitab-i Igan, trans. Shoghi Effendi.
    • Kiab‑i Mustatab‑i Igan. Cairo:     1934.
    • MAM = Majmu`a-yi Alwah-i Mubaraka.. (Cairo 1920)

    `Abdu'l‑Baha' `Abbas (1844-1921).

    • Makātib-i Haḍrat-i `Abdu’l-Bahā’, vol. 1 (ed.), Faraj-Allāh Zakī al-Kurdī, Cairo: Maṭbūʻāt Kurdistan al-`Ilmiyya, 1328/1910.
    • Risalah-yi siyasiyyan  np. nd.
    • SAQ =  Some Answered Questions. London. nd.
    • TN =  A Traveller's Narrative.. (ed.& trans. E.G. Browne) Vol.II. Cambridge 1891).
    • SWAB = Selections from the Writings of `Abdu'l‑Bahá.  Haifa: BWC., 1978
    •  

    [B] Select  Babi-Baha'i Writers

    Assad-Allah, Marzandarani Mirza (XXXX),

    • np. np. Instruct­ions Concerning Genesis and the mystery of Baptism (trans. M_zr_ `Al_ Quli Kh_n, np.nd.            
    • 1900   Addresses by Abdel Karim Effendi Tehrani:Delivered before the New York & Chicago Assemblies,  trans. Anton F. Haddad, Behais Supply and Publishing Board.    

    Balyuzi, Hasan. M.

    • 1970    Edward Granville Browne and the Bahá'í Faith. London .
    • 1973   The Báb (Oxford 1973)
    • 1980 Bahá'u'lláh King of Glory.  Oxford: George Ronald.

    Browne. Edward Granville (d. 1926)..

    Browne, E.G.

    • 1891 A Traveller's Narrative [=Trev. N]  .. Vol II. Cambridge. -  see `Abdu'l-Baha
    • 1889a   `The Babis of Persia...' I. in JRAS XXI:485-527.
    • 1889b   `The Babis of Persia...' II  in JRAS XXI:881-1009.

    BWF = Bahá'í World Faith.  Wilmette, IIlinois: BPT., 1976

    Gätje, H.

    • 1971 The Qur'ān and its Exegesis (trans. A.T. Welch, London

    Hannan, Joseph, H.

    • np.nd.Akka Lights.

    Harmon, W.W.

    • 1915 Divine Illumination.  Boston, Mass.,
    • 1915b  The Seven Principles of the Microcosm and Macrocosm applied to the disclosures of Bah_'o'll_h in the Book of the Seven Valleys.  Boston, Mass.,

    HDI = T. P. Hughes Dictionary of Islam. London 1885.

    Ishrāq Khāvarī, `Abd al-Ḥamīd (d.1972).

    • Qāmūs-i īqān. 4 vols. Tehran: MMM: 127-128 BE/1970-1972.
    • Qamus-i iqan  Vol.l. Tehran: BPT., 128 / 1971.

    Johnson, Vernon E.

    • 1974   Historical Analysis of Critical Transformations in the Evolution of the Bah_'_ World Faith. (Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Baylor University, 1974).

    Karbala'i al‑Qatil ibn al-Karbala'i

    • Risala  in Mazandarani  Kitab‑i zuhur al‑haqq, 3:502‑532.

    Kashai, Hajji Mirza Jani (attrib)

    • Kitáb‑i‑Nuqtatu'l-Káf.  (ed. E.G. Browne) London and Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1910.

    KheiraIla, Ibrahim G. .

    • 1899/1900  BehaUllah, Vol.2
    • 1917 O Christians Why do Ye Believe Not on Christ?

    Kirmani, Hajji Mirza Muhammad Karim Khan (d. 1871).

    •  Izhaq al‑Batil, Kirman 1351Sh/ 1973.
    • Tir-i‑Shihab.. Kirman 1386/1966‑7.
    • al-Shihab al‑Thaqib.

    Lambden, Stephen.

    • (ed.) BSB = Bahá'í Studies Bulletin. Newcastle upon Tyne: Hūrqalyā Publications, 1982>. Web version here : http://hurqalya.ucmerced.edu/journals/bsb
    • 1998 `Eschatology: Bābī-Bahā'ī' EIr. VIII: 581-2
    • 1997b `The Background and Centrality of Apophatic Theology in Bābī and Bahā’ī Scripture.’ In Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahā’ī Theology. Ed. Jack McLean, 37-78. Los Angeles: Kalimat Press.
    • `Hurqalya Publications’ or Stephen Lambden personal Website = http://hurqalya.ucmerced.edu/
    • `Some Aspects of Isrā’īliyyāt and the Emergence of the Bābī- Bahā’ī Interpretation of the Bible’. Unpublished 1980s/2002, PhD. thesis.

    MacEoin, Denis.

    • 1982  `The Babi Consept of Holy War' Religion  12 (1982), ????

    Majlisī, Muhammad Bāqir (d. 1111/1699-1700).

    • Bihar 2 = Biḥār al-anwār (2nd ed.) 110 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, 1376-94/1956-74 and 1403/1983.

    Mazandarani, Muhammad Fadil-i

    • ZH3  =  Kitab‑i Zuhur al‑Haqq, Vol.3 (Cairo nd.),
    • Asrar al-Athar   Vol.2. (Tihran 128.BE./ 1970‑7l A.D.)

    Miller, W.Mc E.

    • 1974  The Baha'i Faith: Its History and Teachings.  South Pasadena Calif.,

    Momen, Moojan,  

    • 1999. The Baha’I Faith and Islam. Oxford: George Ronald, 1999.
    • KZH3 =  Kitab‑i Zuhur al‑Haqq.  Vol.3 (Cairo nd.),

    Muslim = Muslim ibn al-Hajjāj al-Qushayrī (d. 261/875).  

    • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 10 vols. Ed. Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Nawawī. Beirut: Dār al-Ma‘rifah, 1994.

    Nicholas, A. L. M.

    • 1914  Essai  sur le Shaskhism.  Vol.II (Paris 1914)

    Quinn, Sholeh + Stephen Lambden.

    Rashti,  Siyyid Kazim (d. 1259/1843)

    • Risala-yi Usull‑i`Aqa'id  (written in 1256/1839‑40) unpublished mss.

    Remey, Mason.

    • 1918  `The Protection of the Cause of God' (approved by the "Committee of Investigation" (completed 27th March 1918 and circulated privately in a limited number of copies by Remey in 1918.
    • `Report of the Baha'i Committee of Investigation 1917‑1918' (privately circulated);
    • `An Open Letter to the Baha's in America' (dated March 21st 1918 and privately circulated).
    • `Firmness in the Covenant'  (dated 27th March 1918, but written in the Fall of 1914. (privately circulated).

    Rice, W. A.

    • 1902  `A Babi Pamphlet' Church Missionary Intelligencer (August 1902), pp. 565‑573  (see `Andalib).

    Richards, J.R.

    • 1932  The Religion of the Baha'is  London:

    Shoghi Effendi

    • GPB =  God Passes By. BPT.,  Wilmette: Illinois, 1974.
    •  High Endeavours: Messages to Alaska by Shoghi Effendi. National Spiritual Assembly of the Bah_'_s of Alaska, 1976

    Smith, P.

    • The American Baha'i Community, 1894‑1917: A Preliminary Survey (unpublished essay),

    Tehrani `Abd al-Karim.

    • 1900  Addresses by Abdel Karim Effendi Tehrani: Delivered before the New York & Chicago Assemblies, trans. Anton F. Haddad, Behais Supply and Publishing Board, of Chicago Illinois.

    Taherzadeh, A.

    • RB =  The Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh Vol.I (= RB.I) Oxford: George Ronald, 1974)

    Vail. Virgie, V.

    • 1940   The Glorious Kingdom of the Father Foretold.  New York: Bahá'í Publishing Committee.

    ZarandI, Mulla Muammad, Nabi (d.1892).

    • The Dawn-Breakers.. (trans. Shoghi Effendi) London: BPT? 1953