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Sunni Hadīth Compilations - Select Bio-Bibliographical Notes, URLs and PDfs

Sunni Hadith Compilations -

Select Bio-Bibliographical Notes and Studies.

Sahifah -  Musannaf - Musnad, - Ṣaḥīḥ -

Stephen Lambden, UC Merced. Y1

1980s +2018.

IN PROGRESS - Last updated 01-07-2020.

This webpage is partly based upon Muhammad Abd al-Rauf (The Islamic Centre, Washington, D.C.), 'Hadith Literature - I: The Development of the Science of Hadith', in the  Cambridge History of Arabic Literature [= CHAL.,] ed. Beeston, A F L. et. al. Cambridge: CUP., 1983), `Arabic Literature to the end of the Umayyad Period',  vol. 1, pp. 271-288.

Largely dating from the 2nd-3rd centuries AH., the bibliographical lists of the texts and translations of the Hadith collections listed below, are only select examples of classical and modern editions. They are by no means all trustworthy. Translations are likewise often inadequate and sometimes fail to include or accurately translate. for example, religiously `controversial' materials. Sadly, there  seems to be but few modern reliable critical editions of many of the even standard hadith collections (see further Juynboll, Encyclopedia, 2007: xixff).

Basic Definitions of Hadith

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam :

"Report of the words and deeds of Muhammad and other early Muslims; considered an authoritative source of revelation, second only to the Qur'an (sometimes referred to as sayings of the Prophet). Hadith (pl. ahadith; hadith is used as a singular or a collective term in English) were collected, transmitted, and taught orally for two centuries after Muhammad's death and then began to be collected in written form and codified... See further

"Hadith literature is exceedingly abundant ... The collection and arrangement of the Hadith, i.e. words, deeds and tacit approvals attributed to the Prophet, as well as descriptions of his person, developed through a number of stages. These are designated here as the sahifab, musannaf, musnad, sahih and the analytical stages" (Hadifth literature-I: The development of the science of Hadith ^MUHAMMAD ABDUL RAUF, The Islamic Centre, Washington, D.C.) Ch. 10 =  CHAL 2:271).

Criterion of Hadith Reliability.

"As the mass of traditions gradually increased, it became more difficult to distinguish the genuine from the spurious. Isnād criticism, as referred to above, developed into a regular scholarly discipline constituting one of the branches of the `ilm al-hadith,
the science of tradition. Eventualiy the traditionists came to distinguish three types of isnāds:

  • I. Sahīh, i.e. "sound", the transmitters of which are all trustworthy; each of them had to have been in actual contact with his infonnant and this throughout the chain. Traditions with "sound"  isnāds had to be generally accepted as historically authentic according to the Muslim traditionists 
  • II. Hasan, i.e. "fair". These isnāds are sligbtly less reliable · because, for example, there may be found among the transmitters someone who is known to have been "forgetful" at times.
  • III. Da`īf, i.e. "weak". A "weak" isnād, generaliy speaking,.does not fulfil the conditions (shurut) of a sound or a fair isnād." (Juynboll, 1969: 7).

See further Juynboll, 2007: xxiiiff. +

On the Forgery of Hadith texts.

Pavlovitch, Pavel, "Forgery in hadith" in EI3 ed. Kate Fleet et al. 2018. + bib. there.


ʻAbd al-Malik ibn ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz Ibn Jurayj [ = George, a Christian slave of Byzantine origin]  (b. Mecca, c. 80/699 - d. 150/767). A very early musnad author. A pupil of 'Atā' ibn Abī Rabāj ( d. 115/733).

ابن جريج، عبد الملك بن عبد العزيز

  • Kitab al-Sunan (The Book of Good Practise').

This work is lost but is cited in numerous ancient sources. See Motzki, Harald, “Ibn Jurayj”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE - online 2016.

Maʻmar ibn Rāshid; ʻAbd al-Razzāq ibn Hammām al-Ḥimyarī (b. Basra, 96/714 - d. 153/770)

Sean W. Anthony,

  • The expeditions : an early biography of Muhammad = Kitāb al-maghāzī. New York ; London : New York University Press, 2014.

Select Early Legalistic Hadith Compliers and Compilations.

    al-Shāfi`ī. Muhammad ibn Idrīs (d. 204/820).

    • al-Risala, ed. Ahmad Muhammad Shakir, Cairo 1938.
    • Tartib musnad al-Shāfi`ī, ed. Yusuf 'Ali al-Zawawi and 'Izzat al-'Attār al-Husayni, 2 vols. Cairo 1950-1.


    Melchert, Christopher, The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th–10th Centuries C.E.,
    Studies in Islamic Law and Society, Leiden, Brill, 1997.


    Abū Bakr 'Abd al-Razzāq ibn Hammām ibn Nāfi' Ṣan'ānī (b. Ṣan'ā',  XXX /744 or 783 -  d. 211/ 826) (744-826).

    عبد الرزاق بن همام الصنعانى

     Muṣannaf   مصنف The Muṣannaf of the Yemenite  'Abd al-Razzāq ibn Hammām ...

    • al-Muṣannaf, 11 vols. ed. Habib al-Rahman al-A'zami. Beirut: XXXX, 1970-2
    • al-Muṣannaf ed. Habib al-Rahmin al-A`zami, 11 vols. Simlak, 1391/1972.
    • al·Muṣannaf. ed Habib al-Rahman al-A'zami. Beirut, 1390-2.
    • al-Muṣannaf, ed. Ḥabīb al-Raḥmān al-Aʿẓamī, 11 vols, 2nd ed., Beirut 1403/ 1983.
    • Muṣannaf 'Abd al-Razzāq ed. Markaz al-Turāth.  al-Riyāḍ : Markaz al-Turāth li'l-Barmajīyāt, 2013. al-juzʼ al-ḥādī 'ashar, 507 pages.

    سنن سعيد بن منصورابن شعبة الخرساني المكي  = 

    Sunan Saʻīd ibn Manṣūr ibn Shuʻbah al-Khurāsānī al-Makkī / Abū 'Uthmān Sa'īd ibn Manṣūr ibn Shu'bah al-Khurāsānī Marwazī (d. Mecah, 227/ 841-2).

    • Kitab al-Sunan. ed. Ḥabīburraḥmān Aʻẓamī. Bombay : Dar al-Salafiyah, 1982.
    • Sunan Saʻīd ibn Manṣūr,  ed. Ḥabīburraḥmān Aʻẓamī 2 vols. Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, 1985. 
    • Sunan Saʻīd ibn Manṣūr, 5 [8] vols. al-Riyāḍ : Dār al-Ṣumay‘ī li'l-Nashr wa'l-Tawzī‘, 1993-2012.

    Muhamad Hamidullah

    • `Eine Handschrift Der Sunan Von SaĪd Ibn Mansur, Des Lehrers Von Muslim' in Die Welt des Islams, vol. 8 no1 (1962): 25-34.

    Ibn Khuzayma. Muhamrnad ibn Ishäq (b. Nishapur, 223/837 - d.  XXXX, 311/923). A Prolific Shafi'i legal scholar. His al-Ṣaḥīḥ was highly regarded by the polymathic Jalal al-Din al-Ṣuyûṭî.

    • al-Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Khuzayma, ed. Muhammad Mustafä al-A 'zam1 Beirut. al-Maktab al-Islämi. c.1970.

    Malik  ibn Anas (d. 179/796).

    Imam Mālik ibn Anas (93 AH/711 CE – 179 AH/795 CE). Founder of the second major Maliki  law school

    "The Muwatta' was revised several times over forty years by its author, who flourished in Medina, having studied earlier with renowned scholars there, and in turn taught those revised works to his disciples. Malik's revised work survived in some different versions through his disciples, notably Yahya b. Yahya al-Laythi of Cordoba (d. 232/848), and of Muhammad ibn al-Ḥasan Shaybānī (d. 189/804), the well known Hanafi authority. Yahya's version is the more popular.

      "The Muwatta''s sixty-one chapters, here called " books " (sing, kitab), are arranged according to the categories of the religious law, each dealing with one topic such as purity, prayers, zakat (alms-tax), fasting and so on. Chapters are divided into sub-chapters (sing. bab). A bab may begin with a relevant hadith followed by comments, or with a question addressed to Malik followed by his answer, either alone or supported by a hadith or a Quranic verse, or by an opinion of a Companion or a Follower, or by the custom prevailing among the people of Medina.
      "Among the 1,720 hadith existing in Yahya's version, which include 613 statements attributed to Companions and another 285 attributed to Followers, there are 61 without an isnad, some with interrupted isnads and 222 in which the narrating Companion is not mentioned. Some scholars later discovered complete isnads for those hadith" ( CHAL 2:272-3).

      Select Modern Printings of the al-Muwaṭṭaʼ of  Mālik ibn Anas

      •  Al-Muwaṭṭa’, riwayat Yahya ibn Yahya, ed. Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi, 2 vols. Cairo: XXXX,  1370/1951.
      • al-Muwaṭṭaʾ, riwāyat Yaḥyā ibn Yaḥyā al-Laythī, ed. Muḥammad Fuʾād ʿAbd al-Bāqī, 2 vols, Cairo 1951.
      • Al-Muwaṭṭa’, riwayat Yahya ibn Yahya, ed. Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi, 2 vols, Cairo 1952-3.
      • al-Muwaṭṭaʾ, riwāyat Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan al-Shaybānī, ed. ʿAbd
        al-Wahhāb ʿAbd al-Latị̄f, Cairo 1967.
      •  Al-Muwaṭṭa’ ... ed. Bashshar Awwad Ma'ruf and Mahmud Muhammad Khalil. 2 vols. Beirut: XXXX,  1993.
      • Al-Muwaṭṭaʼ (The Approved) By Imam Malik: ARB-ENG, DKI., 2 Vos.l  Narrator: Yahia bin Yahia al-Laithi, Eng. Trans .Gehan 'Abdel-Raouf Hibah Revised by Muphtah Aduli. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, Published in Arabic + English (Diwan Press) as well as Arabic (Maktaba al-Assrya ) and English only (Madinah Press).
      • Muwatta Imam Malik, Trans. Rahimuddin, Mohammad, New Delhi: Kitab Bhavan, 1981.
      • Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas : Arabic-English. Ed. Idris Means.Trans. Aisha Abdurrahman Bewley. UK : Diwan Press, 1982.  549 pages. "This  integral translation is based on the al-Azhar aproved edition of the text compiled by Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laythi at Qayrawan". *
      • Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas :  The First Formulation of Islamic Law.  Revised in whole. Trans. Aisha Abdurrahman Bewley. London and New York : Kegan Paul International, 1989. 465 pages. *
      • Muwaṭṭaʼ. Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas. [Text of Muwatta in Arabic and English]. London : Turath Pub., 2004. xxv, 624 pages.
      • The Muwatta of Imam Muhammad. Mālik ibn Anas in the narration of Imam Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan Shaybānī. Pakistan : Darul Ishaat, 2005. xxv, 624 pages.

      • Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas : Arabic-English. Trans. Aisha Abdurrahman Bewley UK : Diwan Press, 2014

      al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din

      • Is`af al-mubatta bi-rijal al-Muwatta', ed. Faruq Sa`d, Beirut : XXXX,     /1979

      al-Zurqānī, Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Bāqī,

      • Sharh `ala al-Muwatta' al-imam Malik. al-Maktaba al-tijariyya al-kubra. Cairo: XXXX., 1954.
      • Sharḥ ʿalā Muwaṭṭaʾ al-imām Mālik, 4 vols, Beirut 1411/1990.

      Mālik ibn Anas (d. 179/795),

      • Mudawwana, Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyyah, 4 vols., 1994.

      al-Shaybānī (d. 189/804), Imām Muhammad,

      • al-Siyar al-ṣaghīr, Beirut: al-Dār al-Muttaḥida li-l-Nashr, 3 vols., 1975.
      • al-Aṣl, Beirut : Dār Ibn Ḥazm, 2012.


       al-Ṭayālisī, Abū Dāwūd Sulaymān ibn Dāwūd (d. 204/818 or 9), 

      مسند أبي داود الطيالسي  Sulaymān ibn Dāwūd ibn al-Jārūd

      • al-Musnad - "contains 2,767 hadith, is believed to be the first musnad. Critics say that it includes some errors" (ABDUL RAUF, CHAL 2:273).

      Select Modern Printings.

      طيالسي، سليمان بن داود،

      • al-Musnad Abū Dāʼūd al-Tayalisi...
      • Musnad Abī Dāwūd al-Ṭayālisī. Ḥaydar Ābād al-Dakn : Maṭbaʻat Majlis Dāʼirat al-Maʻārif al-Niẓāmīyah, 1321/1903. 392, 11 pages.
      • Musnad, Hyderabad : XXXX.,  1321/1903.
      • Musnad, Ḥaydarābād 1321/ 1904.
      • Musnad al-Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal ed. Shu`ayb al-`Arna'ih ? and  `Adil Murshid, 50 vols. Beirut: XXXX, 1993-2001.
      • Musnad Abī Dāwud al-Ṭayālisī [= Sulaymān ibn Dāwūd Ṭayālisī]. 3 vols. ed. Muḥammad Ḥasan Muḥammad Ḥasan Ismāʻīl Shāfiʻī. Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmiyya, 2004.
      • al-Musnad Abū Dāʼūd al-Tayalisi. Beirut: Dār Ibn Ḥazm, 2013. 660 pages.
      • Arabic Urdu = PDf. Archive :2014 printing. 

      Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241/855) (164-241 AH - 780-855 CE). 

      The large collection of prophetic ḥadīth  of Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal (d. Baghdad, 241 / 855) is entitled al-Musnad  ("The Supported [Traditions]"). It is a highly respected supplementary collection to the six books (see below and Burton,1994). 

      Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad.

      "The Musnad of Ahmad b. Hanbal... founder of the fourth law school, is the best known of this category. It was transmitted through Ibn Hanbal's own son, 'Abdullah (d. 290/903), and then through 'Abdullah's disciple, Abu Bakr al-Qati`i (d. 368-979), both of whom made a few additions. It relates on the authority of 700 male and almost 100 female Companions whose names are arranged according to their seniority, beginning with the first four caliphs (the " Rashidun"). It contains 30,000 hadiths, excluding 10,000 repetitions, filling six large volumes in small type in its Cairo edition (1312-13H). Although the claim that the Musnad contains a few discredited hadith was rejected by later scholars, it is admitted that some are "weak" (da'if). However, to some jurists, like Ibn Hanbal himself, this type of hadith was useful in making legal decisions. (ABDUL RAUF, CHAL 2:273-4).

      Select Modern Printings

      • al-Musnad 6 vols. Cairo edition. 1312-13/ 1895-6.
      • Kitäb al-sunna. ed. Muhammad al-Qahtäni. Dammam: Där Ibn al-Qayyim., 1986.
      • Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, ed. Samir Taha al-Majdub, Beirut: 1413 /1993
      • Musnad, 6 vols, Cairo 1895; ed. Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Salām ʿAbd al-Shāfī, 6 vols, 3rd ed., Beirut 1413/1993. 
      • al-Musnad. 15+ vols.  ed. Ahmad Muhammad Shakir, Cairo 1949-56 +
      • Musnad [Arabic text]  Musnad, English Translation of the Musnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Abu Abdullah Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal Ash-Shaibani {164-241 AH - 780-855 CE} Ahadeeth Edited. Researched and Referenced by DARUSSALAM. Translated by Nasiruddin Al-Khattab Edited by Huda Al-Khattab, 3 vols. . Riyadh:Maktaba Dar-us-Salam, 2012,

      Aḥkām ahl al-milal of Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal.

      • Aḥkām ahl al-milal min al-jāmiʿ li-masāʾil al-Imām Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, as compiled by Abū Bakr al-Ḫallāl (d. 311/923); Sayyid Kisrawī Ḥasan (ed.), Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1994. See Jacob Fareed Imam,

      • "Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal (d. 241/855) and the Execution of the (Hypothetical) Apostate" in MIDÉO [Mélanges de l'Institut dominicain d'études orientales] 34 – 2019, pp. 111-125 = « Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal (d. 241/855) and the Execution of the (Hypothetical) Apostate », MIDÉO [Online], 34 | 2019, Online since 10 June 2019, connection on 03 February 2020.

      • URL :

      Also Melchert, Christopher,

      • Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Oxford, Oneworld Publications, 2006.


      Both Sunnī and Shī`ī  Muslims give tremendous weight to ḥadīth  (pl. aḥādīth), khabar  (pl. akhbār ) literatures. Sunnī Muslims give primacy to "the six books"  (al-kutub al-sittah) of `canonical’ ḥadīth  compilations and secondary importance to numerous other supplementary works. They are first  the two highly respected Ṣaḥīḥ or  ("Reliable [Collections]"), the  Ṣaḥīḥayn  of al‑Bukhārī and Muslim b. Ḥajjāj :

      • (1) The Ṣaḥīḥ ("Reliable [Collection]") of al‑Bukhārī, Muḥammad b. Ismā’īl (194-256 AH = 810-870 CE).
      • (2) The Ṣaḥīḥ ("Reliable [Collection]") of  Muslim b. Ḥajjāj (204-261 AH = 819-875 CE).
      • (3) The Sunan of Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath al-Azdi al-Sijistānī (b. Sijistān c. 818 – d. Basra, 275/888). 202-275 AH = 817-888 CE.
      • (4) The Sunan of al Tirmidhī, Abū ‘Īsá Muhammad ibn ‛Īsá al-Sulamī (209-279 AH = 824-892 CE), d. Termez 279/892).
      • (5) The Sunan of al‑Nasā’ī, Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn Alī ibn Sīnān (d. Ramla or Mecca, 303 / 915 ),
      • (6A) The Sunan of Ibn Mājah, Muḥammad ibn Yazīd (b. Qazvin, 824 – d. c. 273/ 887/9).    
      • (6B) The Sunan/ Musnad/ al-Jāmiʿ  of al-Dārimī, 'Abdullah ibn  'Abd al-Rahman (b. Samarqand,181/797 -d.    c. 250/865).  
      • (7) The Sunan of al-Dāraquṭnī, ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar al-Dāraquṭnī (d. 385/995), etc...

      See further below ...

      Abu‘l-Hajjaj Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Yusuf al-Mizzi, a Syrian traditionalist (654/1256- 742/1341).

      • Tu fat al-asharf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf,  13 vols. ed, `Abd al-Samad Sharaf al-Din, Bhiwandi, Bombay : XXXX,  l965-1981.

      This volume contains " all the canonical traditions from the Six Books and some major other collections with a unique arrangement of the hadith materrial which is "organized on the basis of the alphabetical order of Muhammad’s companions who allegedly transmitted one or more hadths from him" (so Juynboll, Encyclopedia, 2007: xviii). 

      [1] al-Bukharī, Abū 'Abd-Allāh Muhammad ibn Ismā'īl (d.256/870).

      بخاري ،محمد بن اسماعيل

      Al-Bukharī, regarded as founder of the sahih movement and its first author, began memorizing hadith at an early age and started compiling al-Jami` al-saḥīḥ, which took him sixteen years after establishing himself in Hadith criticism, to which he contributed significantly, and thus was able to  extract from his material 6,000 reliable hadith. He divided his work into 97 kitabs, and each kitab into babs (3,450  altogether), leaving unfilled those divisions for which he could not find satisfactory material. Titles of divisions cover the themes of revelation, tmdn, knowledge, law, eschatology, biography, exegesis and doctrine. The work includes hadith without isnad or with broken isnads, quoted not as integral parts of the Ṣaḥīḥ but for clarification or corroboration. To criticize al-Bukharī or his apparent incompleteness is therefore unfair. The number of hadith in the Ṣaḥīḥ, excluding those without complete isnad, amounts to 7,397, of which about 4,000 are repetitions"  (ABDUL RAUF, CHAL 2:274-5)

      Select Modern printings

      al-Bukhārī, Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl, al-Ṣaḥīḥ

      • Kitāb Jami` al-Ṣaḥīḥ. ed. Ludolf Krehl + Th. W. Juynboll. 4 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1862-1908. Many reprints.
      • al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ, ed. Ludolf Krehl (and Theodor W. Juynboll), 4 vols, Leiden 1862–1908; ed. M. Fu’ād ʿAbd al-Bāqī, 8 vols in 4, Beirut 1412/1992. + 3 vols, Stuttgart 2000–2001.
      •  al-Ṣaḥīḥ ... 9 vols., Cairo 1313/1895.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī.... Arabic-English, ed. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. Beirut: Dar al Arabia / Dar al-`Arabiyya, 6 vols., 1405/1985. *
      • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī. 4 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1997.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī ... Arabic text ed. Muhammad Nizar Tamim + Haytham Nizar Tamim. 1 vol. ed. Beirut:  Dar al-Arqam ibn Abi al-Arqam, 1416/1995. 1,171[2] pages. *
      • Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī. Arabic-Engliah. Translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. 6 vols. Lahore: Ashraf, 1978-1980 + Riyadh, Saudi Arabia : Dār al-Salām, 1997. 
      • al-Ṣaḥīḥ ...  Beirut: XXXX 1422/2001.
      • Al-Bukhari's Kitab al-Rijal al-kabir ("The Great Book on trustworthy authorities " 

      A work in four parts, published in eight volumes. "It is the corner-stone of criticism,treating 40,000 men, arranged  alphabetically except that, in honour of the Prophet, it begins with those whose name is Muhammad " (RAUF, CHAL 2:278).

      • Kitab al-Rijal al-kabir. Hyderabad, 1361 / XXXX.


      ‏مسلم بن الحجاج القشيري،

      [2] Muslim / Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj , Abū al-Ḥusayn, al-Qushayrī (d. 261/875).

      "Following al-Bukhari's steps, Muslim recorded only authentic material in his work al-Jami`al-saḥīḥ. It  contains 12,000 hadith including 4,000 repetitions, and is dedicated to hadith alone, unburdened with legal notes, and divided into 54 kitabs with titles such as iman, purity, prayer, zakah, hajj (pilgrimage). Divisions within kitabs are without titles, although sub-titles are added in  commentaries. Each hadith appears where it should be, and all versions of a hadith and its available isnads are put together, thus making the book easier to use.
      Al-Bukharl and Muslim are referred to as al-Shaykhan, i.e. the two leading authorities on hadith', and the hadith which exist in both works, said to number 2,326, are the most respected. Both al-Bukhari and Muslim phrase  their reports in honest and careful terms. When two or more authorities narrate the same text, they add the words: "all say", or "both say"; but when the given version belongs to one of them they say: "and the text is his". When a teacher's name is obscure, they explain it by such words as: "and he is  he son of so and so".
      In terms of comparison, the majority prefer al-Bukhari who insists on an isnad mu`an`an, i.e. a chain of  authorities in which the disciple is known actually to have met his teacher. Muslim is satisfied if they were contemporaries. Some, however, prefer Muslim for his better punctuation and easier order.  (ABDUL RAUF, CHAL 2:275).

      "Although Bukhar's attitude was more admired by the Muslims as stricter than Muslim's, both men used and knew that their predecessors had used written sources. The two works have much material in common, although Bukhari recognises 434 persons whom Muslim does not cite, and Muslim cites 625 persons whom Bukhàrï does not mention.495  As each man set out to collect what is sahïh, later scholars as sure one that what they included is sahïb, that is, guaranteed. What is found in the book of either requires no further examination. In this, their two books are unique" (Burton (Burton 1994 [2001] :125).

      Select Modern printings.

      Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj : al-Ṣaḥīḥ

      • صحيح مسلم
      • Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Qushayrī, Jāmiʻ al-ṣaḥīḥ :
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. 8 vols. Cairo: XXXX, 1330-1334.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim.  
      • al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ, ed. M. Fu’ād ʿAbd al-Bāqī, 5 vols, Beirut n.d. +  2 vols, Stuttgart 2000–2001.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. ed. Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi. Cairo: Dār Iḥyā al-kutub al-`Arabiyya, 1374/ 1955-6.
      • Sahih Muslim, Trans. Siddiqi, Abdul Hamid. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers, 1987.
      • Sahih Muslim by Imam Muslim [English Trans.] : being traditions of the sayings and doings of the prophet Muhammad as narrated by his companions and compiled under the title Al-Jami'-Us-Sahih by Imam Muslim ; rendered into English by ʻAbdul Ḥamīd Ṣiddīqī, with explanatory notes and brief biographical sketches of Major Narrators,  4 + vols. Beirut : Dar al Arabia / Dar al-`Arabiyya, n.d., 1613 pages (incl. index).
      • Sahih Muslim : being traditions of the sayings and doings of the prophet Muhammad as narrated by his companions and compiled under the title Al-Jami'-Us-Sahih / by Imam Muslim ; rendered into English by ʻAbdul Ḥamīd Ṣiddīqī, with explanatory notes and brief biographical sketches of Major Narrators,  X vols. New Delhi : Kitab Bhavan, 1991.
      • Sahih Muslim [Arabic + English trans.] : being traditions of the sayings and doings of the prophet Muhammad as narrated by his companions and compiled under the title Al-Jami'-Us-Sahih  by Imam Muslim ; rendered into English by Dr. Mahmoud Matraji, with explanatory notes and brief biographical sketches of Major Narrators.Corrected and Revised by F. Amira Zrein Matraji. 6 vols. Beirut : Dar al-Fiker [sic.], 1993.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ ...     Beirut: XXXX,  1421/ 2000.  
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. 7 vols., English trans. Nasiruddin Al-Khattab. Riyadh: Dar-us-Salam Publications Inc.,   2007.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. ed. Muhammad Tamir. Cairo : Dar al-Hadith, 2010. 1056 pages.

      With Commentary of al-Nawawī = أبي زكريا بن شرف النووي  =  Abī Zakarīyā Yaḥyá ibn Sharaf al-Nawawī al-Dimashqī (d. 677/1278). 

      • Ṣahīh Muslim : bi-sharh al-imām Muhyi al-Dīn al-Nawawī
      • Sharh Sahih Muslim 6 vols. Cairo : XXXX, 1283-1285.
      • هذا الجزء الأول [-الخامس] من شرح العلامة والإمام الفهامة محيي الدين يحيى النووي على صحيح الإمام مسلم بن الحجاج القشيري. Hādhā al-juzʼ al-awwal [-al-khāmis] min sharḥ al-ʻallāmah wa-al-imām al-fahhāmah Muḥyī al-Dīn Yaḥyá al-Nawawī ʻalá Ṣaḥīḥ al-Imām Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Qushayrī. 5 vols.  Egypt [Cairo]: al-Maṭbaʻa  al-Kastaliiyya, 1283/1867.
      • Muslim‘ al-Ṣaḥīḥ with commentary of  al-Nawawi   18 vols, ed. Mahmud Tawfiq, Cairo: XXXX., 1349/1930
      • al-Musnad al-mustakhrfi 'al   ...  al-lmam Muslim. 4 vols. Beirut, 1996. ???
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 10 vols. ed. Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Nawawī. Beirut: Dār al-Ma‘rifah, 1994.
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. Bi-Sharḥ Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Nawawī, ed. ʻIṣām al-Ṣabābiṭī, Ḥāzim Muḥammad, ʻImād ʻĀmir. 11 vols. Cairo : Dār al-Ḥadīth, 1994.
      • صحيح مسلم بشرح النووي
      • Al-Manhaj fl sharh sahib Muslim, ed. 'Ali 'Abd al-Hamid Abu al-Khayr, 19 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Khayr, 1420/1999.
      • Sharh Sahih Muslim, 15 vols.  Beirut: Dar al-Qalam, 1407/1987).
      • Ṣahīh Muslim : bi-sharh al-imām Muhyi al-Dīn al-Nawawī. 17 vols in 10. Beirut : Dār al-Maʻrifah, 2009. + Dar Ibn Hazm
      • Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim bi-Sharh [Yahya ibn Sharaf] al-Nawawi [al-Dimaqshi al-Sha`fi'i], . 19 vols in 10 vols includ. Index vol. ed. Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi.  Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1415/1995 -1418/1997. Rep. 5th ed. Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmiyya, 2012.
      • Sahih Muslim : ma'a sarhih al-musamma Ikmal ikmal al-mu'allim lil-Maliki li-ibn Halaf al-Wastati wa-sarhih al-musamma mukmil al-Ikmal lil-Sanusi. 7 vols. Cairo : XXXX, 1951.

       Abi al-Fadl ʻIyāḍ ibn Mūsá al-Yahsubi (1149-1083).

      أبي الفضل عياض بن موسى اليحصبي

      •  إكمال المعلم بفوائد مسلم  = Ikmal al-Mu`allim bi-Fu'ad Muslim / Tanbih al-mu'allim bi-mubhamat Sahih Muslim. al-Ghunyah fihrist shuyukh al-qadhi 'Iyad.'Ilal al-ahadith fi kitab al-Sahih. Muhammad Hasan Muhammad Hasan Isma'il; Ahmad Farid Mazidi; Abū Dharr Aḥmad ibn Ibrāhīm Sibṭ Ibn al-ʻAjamī; Muhammad ibn Abi al-Hasan d 929, Ibn 'Ammar al-Shahid, 8 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah, 2006  

      Muḥammad al-Amīn ibn ʻAbd Allāh al-Urmī al-ʻAlawī al-Hararī al-Shāfiʻī ; murājaʻat Hāshim Muḥammad ʻAlī Mahdī,

      • Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim : al-musammá al-Kawkab al-wahhāj wa-al-rawḍ al-bahhāj fī sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj = شرح صحيح مسلم : المسمى الكوكب الوهاج و الروض البهاج في شرح صحيح مسلم بن الحجاج     vols. 26  vols. Jeddah : Dār al-Minhāj lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ, 2009.

      Furter  materials

      Brown, Jonathan

      • The canonization of al-Bukhārī and Muslim : the formation and function of the Sunnī ḥadīth canon. xxii.431 pages "Originally published in 2007 [Leiden: Brill, 2007] in series Islamic history and civilization ; 69. Leiden ; Boston : Brill ; Biggleswade : Extenza Turpin [distributor], 2011. Revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Chicago, 2006

      "The two 'Authentic' hadith collections of al-Bukhari and Muslim are the most famous books in Islam after the Qur'an -- reality left unstudied until now. This book charts the origins, development and functions of these two texts through the lens of canonicity. It examines how the books went from controversial to indispensable as they became the common language for discussing the Prophetʹs legacy among the various Sunni schools of law. The book also studies the role of the ḥadith canon in ritual and narrative. Finally, it investigates the canonical culture built around the texts as well as the trend in Sunni scholarship that rejected it, exploring this tension in contemporary debates between Salafi movements and the traditional schools of law" (Summary from Back cover).


      [3]  Abū Dāʼūd / Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn al-Ash‘ath al-Azdi al-Sijistani (b. Sijistani c. 818 – d. Basra, 275/888).  Hanbalī Sunnī Muslim compiler of a `canonical’ collection of ḥadīth. 

      أبو داؤد سليمان بن الأشعث السجستاني،

      "The work compiled by Abū Dāʼūd, Kitab al-Sunan, contains 4,800 hadith pertaining mainly to devotional and ceremonial topics, which the author selected from half a million hadith he had learned, distributing them over 40 kitabs. Each kitab is divided into babs, 1,870 altogether, arranged in the legal categories. The work includes weak and very weak hadith, but then their quality is indicated. The absence of such indication means that the hadtth is sahih or nearly so" (CHAL 2: 276).

      Select Modern Printings.

       Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn al-Ashʿath al-Sijistānī.

      Sunan.   سنن أبي داود‎

      • Sunan, 2 vols. Cairo 1863.
      • Sunnan   Abū Dāʼūd  (around 4,800 - 5,300 ḥadīth) or "2,767 hadiths attributed to 281 of the Companions" (Burton 1994 [2001] :118).  Ed. Muhammad Muḥyi al-Dīn `Abd al-Hamid. Cairo: Matba`at Mustafa Muhammad, 1354/1935). In this edition 5,274 ḥadīth are collected and compiled. Al-Manasil ed. Shu`ayb al-Arna'ut. Beirut 1408/1988.
      • Sunan Abu Dawud, (English Trans. Ahamd Hasan), Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers,1987.
      • Sunan by Sulaymān Ibn al-Ašʻat̲ Abū Dāʼūd.  English Trans with Notes by Aḥmad Ḥasan. 3 vols.  New Delhi : Kitab Bhavan, 1990. 1535 pages. 
      • Sunan by Sulaymān Ibn al-Ašʻat̲ Abū Dāʼūd.  English Trans with Notes by Aḥmad Ḥasan. 3 vols.  Lahore : Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1996.
      • Sunan Abū Dāʼūd. 5 vols. Beirut: Dar Ibn  Hazm, 1997.
      • Sunan, ed. Muḥammad Muḥyī al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd, 4 vols in 2, Beirut n.d. + 2 vols, Stuttgart 2000–2001.
      • Sunan Abu Dawud : the third correct tradition of the Prophetic Sunna = Sunan Abī Dāwūd. Abu Dawud Sulaiman ibn al-Ashʻath As-Sijistani ; translated by Mohammad Mahdi al-Sharif. 5 vols.  Beirut : Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyah, 2008. 
      • Electronic reproduction of the above. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010 / Google books ...

      `Azimabadi, ed. + commentary.

      • `Awn al-Ma`bud - contains a good edition of the Sunan of Abū Dā'wūd.

      URLs :


      [4]  al-Tirmidhī, Abū ‘Īsá Muhammad ibn ‛Īsá al-Sulamī (d. Termez, 279/892).

      جامع الترمذي‎,

      "Al-Tirmidhfs significant compilation, called al-Jami` al-sahih ("The Comprehensive") and also al-Sunan, covers in its 46 kitabs, which are divided into babs, legal, ethical, doctrinal, Quranic and eschatological topics. Chapters on the Qur'an and the manaqib, i.e. the virtues of some Companions, lacking in other sunan, are extensive here.The author enters each of his 4,000 hadtths where it appears it should be, giving the variants, if any, at the same time. The importance of this compilation, confined to hadtth acceptable in legal circles, is that the author follows each hadtth with notes on its use by the jurists, thus making a valuable comparative legal study, and makes analytical remarks on the degree of the authenticity of a. hadtth, introducing the term hadtth, meaning a grade between sahth and da'tf. Thus, for him, a hadtth is sahih, hasan or da6tf\ but the combinations hasan—sahih and hasan-gharib, which he used in describing some hadtth, are difficult to interpret. The author's interest in hadtth criticism is further displayed by his adding a valuable supplement to his work, called Kitab al-`iIlal ....

        al-Tirmidhī, al-Jāmi‘ al-Ṣaḥīḥ (`The Sound Collection’).

        جامع الترمذي

        Select Modern Printings

        • al-Jāmi‘ al-Ṣaḥīḥ - bi-sharh iman Ibn al-`Arabi al-Maliki - 13 vols. Cairo : XXXX., 1350-1352/ 1931-1934.
        • + 1383/1963.
        • Al-jami` al-sahih, 5 vols. ed. Ahmad  Muhammad. Shakir, Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi, Ibrahim `Atwa `Awd .. Cairo: XXXX  1937-65
        • al-Ṣaḥīḥ al-Tirmidhī, 
        • al-Jami` al-Kabir, Beirut 1998, X vols ed.  
        • al-Jāmi‘ al-Ṣaḥīḥ wa huwa  Sunan al-Tirmidhi  5 vols. ed. Ahmad  Muhammad Shakir, Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi, Ibrahim `Atwa `Awd. Beirut: Dar al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi, n.d.
        • al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ, ed. A. Muḥammad Shākir, 5 vols, Beirut n.d. + 2 vols, Stuttgart 2000–2001.
        • al-Jami` al-Ṣaḥīḥ 6 vols. Arabic text and English translation of Jāmi ʿ at-Tirmidhī = Ğāmiʿ al-Tirmiḏī. 6 vols. translated by, Abu Khalīl ; Aḥādith edited and referenced by, Abū Tāhir Zubair ʻAli Zaʼi; final review by Islamic Research Section Darussalam. Riyad:  Darussalam, 2007. See url below.

        • Sunan Al Tirmidhi - True Collection in Arabic/ English, ed, Haytham      4 Vols,    Dar al Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 
        • Jami' At-Tirmidhi - Arabic / English. 6 Vols. ed. Abū Tāhir Zubair ʻAli Zaʼi;.Trans. Abu Khalil.   Riyadh " Dar al-Salam. 2007,


        جامع الترمذي

        Jami` al-Tirmidhi is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Abu `Isa Muhammad at-Tirmidhi... It contains roughly 4400 hadith (with repetitions) in 46 books

        ARCHIVE. ORG -

        الشمائل المحمدية

        • al-Shamāʼil al-Muhammadiyya, Tirmidhī.
        • al-Shamāʼil al-Muhammadiyya, ed. Abd al-Majid Ta`ma Halabi. Beirut: XXXX, 1966.
        • The Characteristics of Prophet Muhammad. Trans. and Comm. Bahaa Addin Ibrahin Ahmad Shalaby, ed. Selma Cook. Cairo [Egypt] Dār al-Manārah, 1422/2003.
        • S̲h̲amaa-il Tirmid̲h̲i [= Shamāʼil Tirmidhī]. New Delhi : Adam Publishers & Distributors, 2012 (also, 1992 1st ed. + 2nd ed 1998, etc).
        • Shamā’il Tirmidhī. A Commentary on the Depiction of Prophet Muhammad. Shama'il Muhammadiyyah. Birmingham, UK. : Dar al-Arqam, 2015.
        • Shamā’il Tirmidhī. Portrait of the Prophet : As Seen by His Contemporaries ASH-Shama'Il Al-Muhammadiyya. Arabic text and translation / Bilingual edition. Muhtar Holland, Fons Vitae, 2018.


        [5]  al-Nasāʼī, Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn Alī ibn Sīnān (d. Ramla or Mecca, 303 / 915 CE).  

        Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Al- Nasāʼī  was a Hanbalī Sunnī Muslim compiler of a major collection of over 5,000 ḥadīth.  

        "Al-Nasa'i's Kitab al-Sunan contains over 5,000 hadtth listed in 51 chapters, divided into sub-chapters, arranged in the familiar legal order. It treats mainly ceremonial topics and details of prayer formulae. The original work, which contained many da'tf and even more discredited hadtth, has never been published, but was condensed by the author's disciple, Ibn al-Sanl (d. 364/974) under the title al-Mujtabd, with the discredited  categories deleted. "  (CHAL 2: 276).

        Select Modern Printings.

        • The Sunan or al-Mujtaba
        • Sunan [Sunan al-Nasā’ī]  bi-sharh al-Suyuti (Sunan al-Nasā’ī with Commentary of Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti = al-Mujtaba), 8 vols. Cairo : XXXX.,  1348/XXXX.
        • Sunan an-Nasāʼī bi-šarḥ Ǧalāl-ad-Dīn as-Suyūṭī wa-bi-ḥāšiyat al-Sindī  =  Abu-'l-Ḥasan Muḥammad Ibn-ʻAbd-al-Hādī al-Sindī; Jalāl-ad-Dīn ʻAbd-al-Raḥmān Ibn-Abī-Bakr al- Suyūṭī. 8 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Qalam, 1980.  Sunan al-Nasā’ī  with Commentary of al- Suyūṭī and Glosses of  al-Sindī. 
        • al-Sunan al-Kubra 6 vols. ed. `Abd al-Ghaffar Sulayman al-Bundari and Sayyid Kasrawi Hasan, Beirut : XXXX., 1991.
        • Sunan al-Nasā’ī al-musamma bi'l-mujtaba bi-sharh al-hafizh JalaI al-Din al-Suyuti wa'l Hashiyya al-Imam al--Sindi. 8 vols. in 4. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1995.
        • Sunan, 8 vols in 4, Beirut n.d. + 2 vols, Stuttgart 2000–2001.
        • Al-Sunan. 6 vols.  English translation of Sunan an-Nasâ'i. edited & referenced by Abu Tāhir Zubayr ̀Alī Za'ī ; translated by Nâsiruddin al-Khaṭṭâb ; edited by Hudâ Khaṭṭâb ; final review by Abû Khaliyl. Riyadh : Darussalam, 2007.  
        • Sunan al-Nasā’ī. English Translation of Sunan An-Nasa'i, compiled by Abû Abdur Rahmân Ahmad bin Shùaib bin ̀Ali an-Nasâ'i ; ahâdîth edited & referenced by Abu Tâhir Zubair ̀Alî Za'î ; translated by Nâsiruddin al-Khattâb ; edited by Hudâ Khattâb ; final review by Abû Khaliyl.  6 vols. Riyadh: Darussalam, 2007.
        • Sunan al-Nasā’ī.  2 vols. English translation with Arabic text ed. Muhammad Iqbal Siddiqi. New Delhi, India : Kitab Bhavan, 2008.
        • Sunan al-Nasā’ī bi-sharh al-Hafiz Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti , hashiyya Imam al-Sindi. 2 vols.  Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1980.
        • Sunan An-Nasāʼī : bi-šarḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Al-Sayyūṭī wa ḥāšiyat al-imām As-Sindī. 8 vols. in 4.  Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-ʻilmiyyah, 2007.


        [6]  Ibn Mājah, Abu `Abd-Allah Muḥammad ibn Yazīd  al-Qazvini (d. Qazvin, 824 – d. c. 273/ 889).

         "Ibn Majah also produced a Kitdb al-Sunan which comprises 37 kitdbs divided into 1515 bdbs, and contains 4,341 hadtth of which 3,002 exist in  the aforementioned five works. It includes also da'tf&nd discredited hadtth. The above six compilations gradually won universal recognition, and are usually referred to as the Six Books."  (CHAL 2: 276-7). 

        Select Modern Printings.

        • سُنن ابن ماجه

        Muḥammad ibn Yazīd Ibn Mājah 

        • Sunan Ibn Mājah. 2 vols. ed. Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi, Cairo: XXXX, 1952-3.
        • Sunan Ibn Mājah. 2 vols. ed. Muhammad Fu'ad `Abd al-Baqi, Cairo: XXXX, 1972.
        • Sunan, ed. Muḥammad Fu’ād ʿAbd al-Bāqī, 2 vols, Beirut: n.d.
        • Sunan Ibn Mājah. 5 vols., Riyadh : Dar-us-Salam Publications, 2578 pp.
        • Sunan  Ibn Mājah ed. Muḥammad Fuād ʻAbd-al-Bāqī  Beirut: al-Maktaba al-ʻIlmiyya, 1980.
        • Sunan lbn Mājah. ed. M. M. al-A 'zami. 4 vols. Riyadh, 1983.
        • Sunan Ibn-i-Majah [Arabic/English, ED. Ansari, Muhammad Tufail], Lahore: Kazi Publications, 1993.
        • Sunan lbn Mājah ed. M. M. al-A `zarmi. 4 vols. Riyadh, 1983.
        • Sunan Ibn Mājah : the sixth correct Tradition of the Prophetic Sunna, English - Arabic text. In 4 vols. trans. Mohammad Mahdi al-Sharif. Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 2008.
        • Sunan Ibn Mājah = Sunan Ibn-e-Majah : with Arabic text, ed. + English trans.  Muhammad Tufail Ansari. 2nd rev. /6th ed.  5 vols. New Delhi : Kitab Bhavan, 2013



        [6B]   al-Dārimī, 'Abdullah ibn  'Abd al-Rahman (b. Samarqand, 181/797 - d.    c. 250/865).   

        The Sunan/ Musnad/ al-Jāmiʿ  of al-Dārimī
        "This author had a work entitled Kitab al-Sunan  or al-Musnad al-jami` which was musannaf, not musnad, though its author so named it. It consists of 1,363 hadtih distributed over 23 kitdas, each divided into babs, arranged in the legal order. The author examines the credibility of narrators and discusses legal points in an original, independent manner, but the book lacks consistency and many of its isnads are of the interrupted categories. Some, however, grade it higher than Ibn Majah's book and include it among the Six Works instead of the latter's work." (CHAL 2: 277). 

        "The utility of the Sunan comes in the first sixth of the book, which is a veritable excursus on the ahl al-sunna wa-l-jamāʿa worldview and methodology. Through an assortment of Prophetic ḥadīths and transmitted opinions from Companions and Successor scholars, these chapters cover areas from the condemnation of raʾy  (independent legal reasoning) and hypothetical fiqh (jurisprudence) to the centrality of ḥadīth, the rules of ḥadīth transmission, and the legal thought of the early Muslim community"  (Jonathan A. C. Brown, art. al-Dārimī in EI3 ).

        Select Modern Printings.

        • Sunan/ Musnad/ al-Jāmiʿ
        • Sunan al-Dārimī, ed. Fawwaz Ahmad Zamarli and Khalid al-Sab` al-`Alami. Cairo: XXXX, 1987.
        • Sunan al-Dārimī, ed. Muhammad Ahmad Duhman, 2 vols. n,p,. n.d.
        • Musnad/Sunan al-Darimi. ed. Husayn Salim Asad, Dar al-Maghni, 1420 AH / 2000 / Dar al-Mughni, 1431/2000.
        • Archive PDf. =
        • Sunan al-Dārimī,i. 2 vols. Cairo: Dar al-.Hadith, 2000,
        • Musnad al-Darimi

        For further details refer:

        Brown, Jonathan A.C., “al-Dārimī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 08 April 2018 <>    First published online: 2012
        Brill EI3 Abrahamov, Binyamin, “al-Dārimī, Abū Saʿīd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 07 April 2018 First published online: 2015.


        Ibn Khuzaymah, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ishaq (b. Nishapur, 223/837)  – d. 311/ 923),

        A Shafi'i jurist.

          أبو بكر محمد بن إسحاق بن خزيمة‎.

        • Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Khuzaymah
        • Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Khuzaymah. ed. M. M. al-A`zami 4 vols. Beirut: al-Maktab al-lslami, no date

        Muhammad Ibn Ḥibbān ibn Ahmad al-Tamimi al-Bustī (d. 354/965).

        صحيح ابن حبان

        Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān al-Taqasim wa al-Anwa`,
        "This author's compilation, al-Musnad al-sahih 'ala a-taqasim wa'1-anwa',  is said to follow closely the Sahihs of al-Bukharl and Muslim in authenticity; but its arrangement is neither that of musannaf nor that of musnad. Hence it is difficult to use as a reference. It was rearranged into chapters by 'Alli b.  Balban (d. 739/1339), who called it al-Ihsan fi taqrib al-Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Hibban.  Moreover, Nur al-Din 'Alli b. Abl Bakr  al-Haythami (d. 807/1405), in his book Mawarid al-zam'an ila zawa'id Ibn Hibban, comprising several chapters arranged in the legal order, lists 2,647 hadiths included in Ibn Hibban's Musnad but not existing in the Sahihs of al-Bukhari and Muslim"  (CHAL 2: 277).. 

        Select Modern Printings.

        • Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān. ed. Ahmad Muhammad Shakir. ? vols. Cairo : XXXX, 1952,
        • Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān, ed. Shu'ayb Ama'ut and Husayn Asad. Beirut : Mu'assasat al-Risala. 1984.
        • Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān bi-tartīb Ibn Balbān, ed. Shuʿayb al-Arnaʾūt. 18 vols, Beirut 1993; 3rd ed., Beirut 1418/1997.
        • Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān ... al-Taqasim wa al-Anwa`. 8 vols. Beirut: Dar Ibn Hazm, 2012, (see images above).
        • Ibn Hibban. Kitab al-majruhin. 3 vols ..  Aleppo: Dar al-Wa'y, 1396/ XXXX.
        •  Kitab al-majruhin. 3 vols . Aleppo: Dar al-Wa'y, 1396/XXX. 
        • Mashāhīr ʿulamāʾ al-amṣār, ed. M. Fleischhammer, Wiesbaden 1959.

        al-Tabarānī (d. 360/971).

        • ADD

        al-Dāraquṭnī, ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar al-Dāraquṭnī (b. Baghdad   306/918 - d. 385/995).

        A Shāfiʿī school  Sunni Muslim.  Prolific Hadith expert and markedly anti-kalām ("Theology")  scholar.

        دارقطني، علي بن عمر

        "In al-Ilzamat 'ala'l-Bukhdri wa-Muslim the author compiles hadith which fulfil the prerequisites of al-Bukhari and Muslim and therefore could have been included in their Sahihs, This type is known as istidrak (plural, istidrakaf), i.e. readjustment by additions. Al-Daraqutnl chose the term ilfzamat  i.e. "those which must be accepted", for emphasis. Unlike our author's larger compilation, al-Sunan, in which he treats only legal points, al-llt(dmdt ranks high among sahih compilations" (CHAL 2: 279)..

        W-Cat Identities:

        Josef van Ess

        • Traditionistische Polemik gegen 'Amr b. 'Ubaid. Zu einem Text des 'Ali b. 'Umar ad-Dâraqutnî. Beirut 1967 (2nd edition 2004). 74 pp. german, 16 pp. arabic, 2 tables.

        "In this work, Josef van Ess examines the polemic writings of the lexicographer ʿAlī b. ʿUmar ad-Dāraquṭnī from Bagdad (d. 385/995), directed against the muʿtazili scholar ʿAmr b. ʿUbaid. Van Ess translates and interpretes this satire, correcting the text and adding valuable background information, such as Ḥadīṯs and juridical contestations. His analysis offers a better access to the whole text and to other traditions about ʿAmr b. ʿUbaid, which have been maintained in the Taʾrīḫ Baġdād"

        See : .

        • Kitāb fīhi arbaʻūn ḥadīthan min musnad Burayd ibn ʻAbd Allāh ibn Abī Burdah ʻan jaddih, ʻan Abī Mūsá al-Ashʻarī (Min al-turāth al-Islāmī).

        Robson, James, 

        • 'al-Darakutnl', Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edn (EI2), ADD, 

        Brown, Jonathan A.C.,

        • The canonization of al-Bukhārī and Muslim, Leiden 2007
        • Criticism of the proto-hadith canon. Al-Daraqutni’s adjustment of al-Bukhari and Muslim’s Sahihs, Oxford Journal of Islamic Studies 15/1 (2004), 1–37
        • “al-Dāraquṭnī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 06 April 2018 =
        • <>

        First published online: 2012. First print edition: 9789004225459, 2012, 2012-3

        Select Modern Printings.

        • XX
        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī, ed. Muḥammad Shams al-Ḥaqq ʻAẓīmābādī; Ḥusayn ibn Muḥsin al-Anṣārī Yamānī. al-Dihlī : al-Maṭbaʻ al-Anṣārī : al-Maṭbaʻ al-Fārūqī, [1892]. 
        • Sunan al-Daraqutni, ed. 'Abdallah Hashim al-Madanl, 4 vols. in 2. Medina + Cairo: Dar al-Mahasin li-l-Tiba'a, 1386/1966.

        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī / taʾlīf al-Imām ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar al-Dāraquṭnī ; wa-badhīluh al-taʻlīq al-mughnī ʻalá al-Dāraquṭnī ; taʾlīf Abī al-Ṭayyib Muḥammad Shams al-Ḥaqq al-ʻAẓīm Ābādī ; ʻuniya bi-taṣḥīḥih ... al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Hāshim Yamānī al-Madanī. 4 vols. al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah : s.n., 1966.  SEE :


        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī / taʹlīf ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar al-Dāraquṭnī ; wa-bi-dhaylihi al-Taʻlīq al-Mughnī ʻalá al-Dāraquṭnī / taʹlīf Abī al-Ṭayyib Muḥammad Shams al-Ḥaqq al-ʻAẓīmābādī. 4 vols. Cairo : Dār al-Maḥāsin lil-Ṭibāʻah, [1980]  

        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī + Comm. XX vols.  of al-ʻAẓīmābādī. Beirut: XXXX, 1986.

        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī, wa bi-dhaylih, al-taʻlīq al-mughnī ʻalá al-Dāraquṭnī / li-Abī al-Ṭayyib Muḥammad Shams al-Ḥaqq al-ʻAẓīmābādī. 6 vols.  Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʼ al-Turāth al-ʻArabī / Muʼassasat al-Tārīkh al-ʻArabī, 1993 + Muʼassasat al-Risālah, 2004. 
        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī - ʻAlī ibn ʻUmar al-Dāraquṭnī. Wa-bi-dhaylih, al-Taʻlīq al-mughnī ʻalá al-Dāraquṭnī / li-Abī al-Ṭayyib Muḥammad Shams al-Ḥaqq al-ʻAẓīmābādī. 6 vols. Beirut : Muʼassasat al-Risālah, 2004
        • Sunan al-Dāraquṭnī, ed. ʻAbd Allāh ibn Yaḥyá Ghassānī. Beirut : Dār al-Fikr, 2005.
        •  Kitab al-ilzamat wa-l-tataban ('The Book Suggested Additions and Revisions') by  al-Daraqutni ...
        • Taʻlīqāt al-Dāraquṭnī ʻalá al-Majrūḥīn li-Ibn Ḥibbān al-Bustī; wa-maʻahu nuqūlāt min Kitāb al-ḍuʻafāʼ lil-Sājī min riwāyat Ibn Shāqlā ʻan al-Iyādī bih / taḥqīq Khalīl ibn Muḥammad al-ʻArabī. 2nd ed. Cairo al-Fārūq al-Ḥadīthah, 2001.


        al-Hākim, Muhammad ibn `Abd-Allah al-Nīsābūrī (d. 405/1014).

        المستدرك على الصحيحين

        المستدرك على الصحيحين = Al-Mustadrak 'ala al-Ṣaḥīḥayn‎ / Supplement to the Ṣaḥīḥayn  of al‑Bukhārī and Muslim b. Ḥajjāj (see above). 

        • al-Mustadrak  'ala al-Ṣaḥīḥayn. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, 1411/1990.


        Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn 'Alī al-Khurasānī al-Bayhaqī al-Bayhaqī (d. 458/1066).

        بيهقي، أبو بكر أحمد بن الحسين بن علي الخرساني

        سنن البيهقي الكبرى

        • al-Sunan al-kubra..  10 vols. Hyderabad, 1344/1925.
        • al-Sunan al-kubrā, 10 vols, Ḥaydarābād 1344–1355/ 1925–1934, 11 vols, Beirut 1413/1992.
        • Sunan al-Bayhaqī al-kubrá. al-Riyāḍ : Markaz al-Turāth lil-Barmajīyāt, 2013.
        • Ma'rifat al-sunan wa'l-āthār 'an al-Imām Abī 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Idrīs al-Shāfi'ī. al-Riyāḍ : Markaz al-Turāth li'l-Barmajīyāt, 2013.  566 Pages. 
        •  al-Jāmi' fī al-khitām  = الجامع في الخاتم  al-Riyāḍ : Markaz al-Turāth lil-Barmajīyāt, 2013


        Nawawī; Muḥammad ʻĀshiq Ilāhī (d. 676/1278)

        On the commentary on the Ṣahīh Muslim - bi-sharh al-imām Muhyi al-Dīn al-Nawawī - and see above under al-Nawawi (d. 676/1278).  


        Riyāḍ al-ṣāliḥīn [= Riyâd-us-sâliheen] of al-Imâm Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf An-Nawawi Al-Dimashqi

        • Riyāḍ al-ṣāliḥīn [= Riyâd-us-sâliheen]. Arabic and English. 2 vols. compiled by Al-Imâm Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf An-Nawawi Ad-Dimashqi ; commentary by Hafiz Salahuddin Yusuf ; translated by Dr. Muhammad Amin, Abu Usamah al-Arabi bin Razduq ; revised by M.R. Murad. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia : Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, 1999.

        • Riyad As Salihin : the Gardens of the Righteous. Clifton : Tughra Books, 2014.

        CONTENTS : Riyad as-Salihin; Copyright © 2014 by Tughra Books; Introduction; Sincerity and Purity of Intention; Repentance; Patience; Truthfulness; Watchfulness (Muraqaba); Revering Allah and Piety (Taqwa); Certainty and Trust in Allah; Straightforwardness (Istiqama); Hastening to Perform Good Actions; Striving (Mujahada); The Encouragement to Increase Good Actions in the Later Part of One's Life; The Clarification of the Many Paths of Good; Moderation in Worship; Perseverance in Good Deeds; The Command to Follow the Sunnah and Its Manners; Obligation to Obey the Judgment of Allah. The Prohibition against Innovations and New MattersOn Those Who Build Good or Bad Traditions; Showing the Way to Good, and Helping One Another to Goodness and Piety; Sincere Advice; Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil; The Integrity of Those Who Enjoin Good and Forbid Evil; To Deliver Trusts; On Injustice and the Command to Make Restitution in Cases of Injustice; Respecting the Rights of the Muslims, and Having Compassion and Mercy for Them; Veiling the Faults of Muslims and the Prohibition against Divulging Them without Necessity; Taking Care of the Needs of the Muslims. Respecting Muslims even They Are Weak and PoorKindness to Orphans, Girls, the Weak, the Poor, and the Downtrodden; Treating Women Well; The Rights of a Husband from His Wife; Spending on One's Family; Spending out of What One Loves and Spending What Is Excellent; The Obligation to Command One's Family to Obey Allah, and to Teach Them Proper Behavior; The Right of the Neighbor and Treating Him Well; Dutifulness to Parents and Maintaining Ties of Kinship; Respecting One's Parents, Relatives, Scholars and the Virtuous People; The Excellence of Love for the Sake of Allah. The Signs of Allah's Love for His ServantJudging People according to the Outward While Leaving Their Secrets to Allah the Almighty; Fear of Allah; The Hope for Allah's Mercy; Living between Fear and Hope; The Excellence of Weeping from Fear and Respect of Allah; The Excellence of Ascetics; Leading a Simple Life Style; Contentment, Self-Restraint, and Moderation in Life Style; The Encouragement to Work and to Be Contented; Generosity, Magnanimity and Spending in Good Ways with Trust in Allah the Almighty; Preferring and Helping Others; The Desire for in Matters Which Pertain to the Hereafter. The Excellence of the Grateful Wealthy PersonRemembering Death and Constraining Expectation; Visiting the Graves; On Wishing for Death; Scrupulousness and Abandoning Things That Are Doubtful; The Recommendation to Withdraw When Things Are Corrupt; Humility and Being Gentlewith the Believers; The Prohibition of Pride and Arrogance; Good Character; Forbearance, Patience and Kindness; Pardoning and Turning Away from the Ignorant; Seriousness and Sensibility in Religious Matters; The Leaders Should Be Kind, Just and Compassionate; The Just Ruler; The Obligation to Obey Those in Authority.


        al-Tabrīzī, Muhammad ibn `Abd Allāh al-Khaṭīb (d. c. 741/1340)

        Select Modern Printings of the Mishkat of Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd Allāh Khaṭīb al-Tibrīzī

        • Mishkat = Mishkat al-maṣābīḥ. 3 vols. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islām.1405/1985. *

        •  Mishkat al-Masabih. al-Ḥusayn b Masʻūd al- Baghawī; Muhammad b ʻAbd Allāh al-K̲aṭīb al-Tibrīzī; James Robson. Lahore : Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1963-1965.

        • Mishkat al-maṣābīḥ  English Translation with Explanatory Notes, James Robson. 2 vols. Lahore, Pakistan : Sh. Muhammad Ashraf. 1975. *

        • Al-Hadis : an English translation & commentary of Mishkat-ul-Masabih. 3d ed. 4 vols. A Commentary in English; text in English and Arabic in parallel columns. A  commentary on the hadith collected by al-Ḥusayn ibn Masʻūd al-Baghawī under title: Maṣābīḥ al-sunnah. Containing sayings, doings and teachings of the Holy Prophet and events before and after Resurrection, with suitable arrangements, into chapters and sections by al-Haj Maulana Fazlul Karim. New Delhi, India : Islamic Book Service, 2001.

        Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Ahmad ibn Nur al-Dln (d. 852/1449)

        Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Ibn Ḥajar al-ʻAsqalānī  / Muhammad ibn Ismāʻīl Bukhārī

        فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري

        "His Fath al-Bari 'ala Sahih al-Bukhari (Cairo 1321-2 H, 13 vols) is an encyclopaedic, and probably the greatest, commentary on al-Bukhari's Sahfh, incorporating valuable information, biographical data on narrators, useful linguistic details and interesting anecdotes. Attempts are made here to account for al-Bukhari's action in placing hadith or parts thereof where they seem to be misplaced, and references are made to locations of scattered versions of an individual hadith" (CHAL2:281). .

        Select Modern Printings of Fatḥ al-bārī : sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī.  Commentary on the Jāmiʻ al-ṣaḥīḥ Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl al-Bukhārī.

        Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Ibn Ḥajar al-ʻAsqalānī / Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl Bukhārī

        فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري

        • Fatḥ al-bārī : sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī
        • Fatḥ al-bārī [: sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī], ed. Mustafa Babi al-Halabi. XX vols. Cairo: XXXX, 1959.
        • Fatḥ al-bārī [: sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī'], ed    . Cairo: al-Matba`ah al-Salafiyya, 1380/ 1959-60.
        • Fatḥ al-bārī  [: sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī] ed. Sa'd al-Din al-Khatib and Muhammad Fu'ad 'Abd al-Baqi.
        • Fatḥ al-bārī  [sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, ed.  'Abd al-`Aziz ibn `Abd-Allah ibn Baz + Muhammad Fu'ad  'Abd al-Baqi. 16 vols including  a prolegomenon and 2 index vols. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyya, 1410/1989. *
        • Fatḥ al-bārī. Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 17 vols, Cairo 1959; ed. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Bāz, 13 vols, Beirut 1410/1989.
        • Fatḥ al-bārī : sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārīi. ed 'Abd al-`Aziz ibn Baz. 15 vols. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1996.
        • Fatḥ al-bārī. Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 17 vols, Cairo 1959; ed. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Bāz, 13 vols, Beirut 1410/1989.
        • Fatḥ al-bārī. Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, ed. 'Abd al-' Aziz ibn Bäz and Ayman Fu' ad 'Abd al-Bäqi. Beirut: Dir al-Kutub al-`Ilimiyya. 1997
        • Fatḥ al-bārī : sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. li-Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī ibn Ḥajar al-ʻAsqalānī ʻan al-ṭabʻah allatī ḥaqqaqa aṣlahā ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz ibn ʻAbd Allāh ibn Bāz ; wa-raqqama kutubuhā wa-abwābuhā wa-aḥādīthuhā Muḥammad Fuʼād ʻAbd al-Bāqī. 18 vols including 2 index vols. Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah, 2003.

        Extracts in Translation from the Fatḥ al-Bārī commenting on the Ṣaḥı̄ḥ al-Bukhārı̄.

        • Selections from the Fatḥ al-Bārī (commentary on Ṣaḥı̄ḥ al-Bukhārı̄) followed by twenty fatwas on life after death. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʼAsqalānı̄ ; translated by Abdal Hakim Murad. Cambridge : Muslim Academic Trust, 2000. 42 pages.

          Lisan al-mizan (Hyderabad, 1329-31)

        Riyāḍ al-ṣāliḥīn /  Riyâd-us-sâliheen

        SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY - Hadith Literatures and Hadith Criticism

        Abbott, Nabia.

        • `Hadith Literature II : Collection and transmission of Hadith'  in The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature : Arabic Literature to the `Umayyad Period, 289-298. Ed. A F. L. Beeston et al. London, Cambridge: CUP., 1983.

        `Abd  al-Rauf, Mohammad,

        • 'Hadith Literature - I: The Development of the Science of Hadith', in Cambridge History of Arabic Literature, i: Arabic Literature until the End of the Umayyad Period, eds. A. F. L. Beeston et al., London: Cambridge University Press) 1.

        `Azami, Muhamad Mustafa,

        • Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature,  Indianapolis, 1977. 
        • Studies in Early Hadith Literature. Indianapolis, 1978.

        Beeston, A. F. L. et al. (ed.),

        • Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature), Cambridge 1983.

        Brown, Jonathan A. C. 

        • "Did the Prophet Say it or Not?: Literal, Historical and Effective Truth in the Sunni Hadlth Tradition," Journal of the American Oriental Society 129, no 2 (2009), pp. 276ff.
        • `Even If It's Not True It's True: Using Unreliable Ḥadīths in Sunni Islam' in Islamic Law and Society, Vol. 18, No. 1 (2011), pp. 1-52.

        "Abstract "Sunni Islam is at heart a cult of authenticity, with the science of hadlth criticism functioning as a centerpiece designed to distinguish authentic attributions to the Prophet from forgeries. It is thus surprising that even after hadlth scholars had sifted sound hadlths from weak, mainstream Sunni Islam allowed the use of unreliable hadlths as evidence in subjects considered outside of the core areas of law. This majority stance, however, did not displace minority schools of thought that saw the use of unreliable hadlths as both a danger to social morality and contrary to the stated values of Islamic thought. This more stringent position has burgeoned in the early modern and modern periods, when eliminating the use of weak hadiths has become a common call of both Salafi revivalists and Islamic modernists. This article explores and traces the history of the various Sunni schools of thought on the use of weak and forged hadiths from the third/ninth century to the present"

        Burton, John.

        • An Introduction to the Hadith, Edinburgh :      1994.

        Calder, Norman,

        • Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence, Oxford 1993.

        Dickinson, Eerik.

        • The Development of Early Sunnite Hadith Criticism, The Taqdima of Ibn Abi Hatim Al-Razi (240 854-327 938). Leiden ; Boston; Koln :  Brill Academic, 2001.

        Ess, Josef van,

        • Zwischen Ḥadīt und Theologie. Studien zum Entstehen prädestinatianischer
          Überlieferung, Berlin/New York 1975.
        • Theologie und Gesellschaft im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert der Hidschra. Eine Geschichte des religiösen Denkens im frühen Islam, 6 vols, Berlin/New York 1991–1997.

        GAL = Carl Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, Leiden 1937-49
        GAS = F. Sezgin, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, vol. I, Leiden 1967
        GdQ = Th. Nöldeke, F. Schwally a.o., Geschichte des Qorns , Leipzig 1909-38'

        Gilliot, Claude,

        • “Portrait ‘mythique’ d’Ibn ʿAbbās,” Arabica 32 (1985), 127–184.

        Goldziher, Ignaz,

        • Muslim Studies, transl. by S. M. Stern and C. R. Barber, 2 vols, Chicago 1971.

        Graham, W. A.

        • Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam. A reconsideration of the sources, with special reference to the divine saying or Hadith qudsi, The Hague/Paris., 1977

        Hinds, Martin,

        • "Maghāzī" and "Sīra" in Early Islamic Scholarship,” in: La vie du Prophète Mahomet, colloque de Strasbourg (octobre 1980), Paris 1983, 57–66.
        • “Maghāzī,” in: EI2, V, Leiden 1986, 1161–1163.

        Ibn al-Salāh al-Shahrazūrī.

        • (1990). Muqaddimat Ibn aṣ-Ṣalāḥ wa-maḥāsin al-iṣṭilāḥ [Kitāb ma`rifat anwā ‘ilm al-ḥadīṯ], ed. Āisha Abd al-Raḥmān, (2.vols.). Kairo [1. vol. 1974].
        • (2006). An introduction to the science of Ḥadīth,ed. E. Dickinson. Reading [Kitāb ma`rifat anwā ilm al-ḥadīth

        Ignaz Goldziher,

        • Muslim Studies II, ed. S. M. Stern Chicago: Aldine Atherton, 1971.
        • Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law. Translated by Andras and Ruth Hamori. Princeton. 1981 (1910).

        Jones, Marsden B.,

        • “The Chronology of the Maghāzī: a textual survey,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 19.2 (1957), 245–280.
        • “The Maghāzī Literature,” in: A.F.L. Beeston et al. (ed.), Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature), Cambridge 1983, 344–51

        Juynboll, Gautier. H . A.

        • The Authenticity of the Tradition Literature, Discussions in Modern Egypt. Leiden : E. J. Brill, 1969.
        • Muslim Tradition: Studies in Chronology, Provenance and Authorship of Early Hadith. Cambridge, 1983.
        • `Some new ideas on the development of sunna  as a technical term in early Islam', in Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, X, 1987, 97-118,
        •  “Some Isnād-Analytical Methods Illustrated on the Basis of Several Women- Demeaning Sayings from Ḥadīth Literature,” Al-Qanṭara 10 (1989), 345–384.
        • “Some Notes on Islam’s First Fuqahāʾ Distilled from Early Ḥadīth Literature,”
          Arabica 39/3 (1992), 287–314.
        • “Early Islamic Society as Reflected in its Use of Isnāds,” Le Muséon 107 (1994),
        • “Shuʿba ibn al-Ḥajjāj (d. 160/776) and His Position among the Traditionists of Basra,” Le Muséon 111 (1998), 187–226
        • “Shuʿba b. al-Ḥadjdjādj,” in: EI2, IX, Leiden, 1996, 491b–492.
        • “al-Ṭayālisī,” in: EI2, X, Leiden 1999, 398b–399a.
        • Studies on the Origins and Uses of Islamic  Hadith. Variorum, Ashgate Publishing Limited, Aldershot 1996
        • Encyclopedia of Canonical Hadith. Brill: Leiden-Boston, 2007.

        Kister, M.J.,

        • “Ḥaddithū ʿan banī isrāʾīla wa-lā-ḥaraja: A Study of an Early Tradition,” Israel Oriental Studies 2 (1972), 215–239.
        • “The Sīrah Literature,” in: Alfred F.L. Beeston et al. (ed.), Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature), Cambridge 1983, 352–36.

        Lucas, Scott Cameron,

        • 'The Arts of Hadlth Compilation and Criticism: the Study of the Emergence of Sunnism in the Third/Ninth Century', Ph.D. diss., 2 vols. (University of Chicago, 2002.
        • Constructive Critics, Hadith Literature, and the Articulation of Sunni Islam : The Legacy of the Generation of Ibn Sa`d, Ibn Ma'in, and Ibn Hanbal. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2004.

        Motzki, Harald.

        • 1991. `The Muṣannaf of ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanʿānī as a Source of Authentic Aḥādīth of the First Century A. H.' in  Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 50, No. 1 (Jan., 1991), pp. 1-21.
        • 1998. “The Prophet and the Cat: on Dating Mālik’s Muwaṭṭaʾ and Legal Traditions,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 22 (1998), 18–83.
        •  2002 . The origins of Islamic jurisprudence. Meccan fiqh before the classical schools. Leiden [verbesserte  Neuausgabe von Die Anfänge der islamischen Jurisprudenz].
        • 2003 ."The question of the authenticity of Muslim traditions reconsidered. A review article“. In H. Berg (Hrsg.), Method and theory in the study of Islamic origins. Leiden, S. 211–257.
        • 2003. “The Author and his Work in the Islamic Literature of the First Centuries: the
          Case of ʿAbd al-Razzāq’s Muṣannaf,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 28
          (2003), 171–201.
        • 2004 (ed.) Hadith: Origins and Developments (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, ‘The Formation of the Classical Islamic World Series, 28’, 2004), 394 pp. ISBN 0–860–78704–4.

        Review by Recep Senturk, Center for Islamic Studies, Istanbul : "Harald Motzki has produced an excellent reference work for students and researchers. It brings together articles by sixteen well-known scholars including himself. J. Fueck, Joseph Schacht, John Burton, Ignaz Goldziher, Gregor Schoeler, Etan Kohlberg, Joseph Horovitz, James Robson, G. H. A. Juynboll, Michael Cook, J. H. Kramers, R. Marston Speight, M. J. Kister, Albrecht Noth and Maher Jarrar. These essays may be seen as an Orientalist metanarrative on hadith...The book aims to present the evolution of the views of Western Orientalists on the origins of hadith ." (From the Journal of Islamic Studies, Oxford UK).

        •  2004a "Introduction“. In H. Motzki (Hrsg.), Ḥadīth. Origins and developments. Aldershot, S. xiii–lxiii.
        • (2004a). Ḥadīth. Origins and developments. Aldershot / London, [England] ; New York, New York : Routledge, 2016 [2004].
        • 2005. "Dating Muslim traditions. A survey“. In Arabica 52, S. 204–253l
        • 2010. with Nicolet Boekhoff-van der Voort and Sean W. Anthony, Analysing Muslim Traditions. Studies in Legal, Exegetical and Maghāzī Ḥadīth. Leiden • Boston : Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands, 2010

        Robson, James (1890-1981),

        See Robson, James 1890-1981 [WorldCat Identities]

        • Robson, J., “Ḥadīth”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2021 <>  First published online: 2012. First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007
        • "Hadith," in `Encyclopaedia of Islam', eds. P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs (Leiden: Brill, 2009; Brill Online) (= EI2)
        • “The Isnād in Muslim Tradition,” Transactions of the Glasgow University Oriental Society 15 (1953–54), 15–26; reprinted in  Motzki (ed.), Ḥadīth: Origins and Developments, Aldershot 2004, 163–174.
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