Shi`i Hadith/ Akhbar Compilations -Bibliographical Notes and Studies

 

Shi`i Hadith/ Akhbar Compilations

Bibliographical Notes and Studies

Stephen Lambden UC Merced,

1980s+2018.

IN PROGRESS -Last updated 06-05-2018

Major Shī`ī  Ḥadīth compendia

 For the Ithnā `Ashariyyah  (twelver)  Shī’ īs  authoritative  prophetic traditions are supplemented by those deriving from the `Alid Imāms, from `Alī up till Ḥasan al `Askārī and his allegedly  occulted son Muhammad al-Mahdi (d. c. 260/874). These Twelver Shī`a give especial weight to "the four books" three of which are predominantly legalistic.  They are supplemented by three other massive compendia several of which is again distinctively legalistic (Librande, `Ḥadīth’ Enc. Rel. 6:150 1).

  • (1) [Kitab] al Kāfī fī `ilm al dīn  ([The Book of] What is Sufficient for the Knowledge of Religion’) of Abū Ja`far Muhammad b. Ya`qūb al  Kulaynī [Kulīnī] (d.c. 329/941) (15,000+ hadīths), The early and lengthy al Kāfī fī `ilm al-dīn  was written during the ghaybat al sughrā  (lesser occultation). It has six supplementary volumes, the compendium of miscellanea, entitled the Rawḍat al kāfī  (The Garden of the Kāfī).  The commentary on the Kāfī  of Kulīnī (= Kulaynī) by Ṣadrā al Dīn Shīrāzī (= Mullā Ṣadrā d.1050/1640) is especially important as are numerous other works of commentary upon the al Kāfī fī `ilm al dīn.
  • ( 2) [Kitāb] Man lā yaḥḍuruhu al‑faqīh (The Book for whomsoever is without a lawyer) of Muhammad b. Bābūya al‑Qummī (= al‑Ṣadūq, d. 381/991) (9,000+ traditions), the legal textbook, Contains approximately   Hadith.

  • (3)  Tahdhīb al‑aḥkām (The Correction/ Rectification of the Judgements) (3,000+ traditions). Contains approximately   Hadith

  • (4) al‑Istibṣār.. al‑akhbār  (The Examination.. of the Reports) (5,000+ hadiths)  of Muhammad b. Ḥasan al‑Tūsī (d. 460/1067). Contains approximately 5511 Hadith.

  • (X)

  • (X) al Wāfī (The Comprehensive) of  al-Kāshānī, Muhammad Ibn Murtaḍā Muḥsīn Fayḍ (d. 1091/1680), a compilation with commentary on the "four books". 

A CHRONOLOGICAL ARRANGEMENT - With Select Images URLs and PDfs.

`Alī ibn Abī Tālib (d. 40/661).

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`Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib, the first Imam (d. 40/661)

  • Nahj al-Balagha,

Select other Hadith and Hadith Compendia ascribed to Imam `Ali :

  •  
  • Khuṭba al-ṭutunjiyya in Rajab al-Bursī (d.  c. 814 /1411), Mashāriq anwār al-yāqīn fī asrār amīr al-mu`minīn, Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, nd [199?], pp. 166-171. See Lambden introd. and trans. on Hurqalya website (see below).

Among the influential discourses ascribed to Imam `Alī contained in the Mashāriq of Bursī (see below) is the arcane Khuṭba al‑ṭutunjiyya [taṭanjiyya]  (Sermon of the Gulf) allegedly delivered by the first Imam between Kūfa and Medina (Mashāriq: 166‑170). This oration is a quasi‑extremist (ghuluww) sermon which was partially commented upon by Sayyid Kāẓim Rashtī who regarded it very highly. So too the Bāb and Baha'-Allah who quote and selectively comment upon it quite  frequently. They were markedly influenced by its at times  high imamology and abstruse yet suggestive apocalyptic.  

The Mashāriq  anwār  al‑yaqīn  of Rajab al‑Bursī (d. c. 814 /1411).

Among the numerous often `irfānī  (esoteric‑gnostic) collections of tradition significant in esoteric Shiism  is that revolving around traditions ascribed to Imām `Alī  entitled Mashāriq  anwār al‑yaqīn fī asrār Amīr al‑mu’minīn (The Dawning‑Places of the Lights of Certitude in the mysteries of the Commander of the Faithful’) of Rajab al‑Bursī (d. c. 814 /1411;  Lawson, 1992:261‑276; Borsi [Lorey+ Corbin],1996).

Ja`far al-Sadiq (d.         ), the sixth Imam of the

 

 

al‑Mufaḍḍal  ibn `Umar  Ju`fī ( d. c. 762‑ 3),

A companion of  Ja`far al‑Ṣādiq from whom he  is said to have relayed traditions and treatises. These  include a work of  al‑Mufaḍḍal, the Kitab al‑tawhīd al‑Mufaḍḍāl  (Dharī`a  IV:482 No. 2156; GAL 1:530 No. 9

al-Nu`mānī, Muhammad ibn Ibrahīm ibn Ja`far (d. 360/970)

  • Kitāb al-Ghayba. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī  li’l-Maṭbū`at, 1403/1983.
  • [Kitab] Al-Ghayba, Occultation. Qum: Ansariyan Publications, 2003.

 

 

 

Kulaynī [Kulīnī], Abū Ja`far Muhammad.

  • Kafi = al‑Uṣul min al‑Kāfī  (vols. 1‑2). ed. A.A. Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al‑Aḍwā, 1405/1985.
  • al‑Furū` min al‑Kāfī (vols. 3‑7). ed. A.A. Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al‑Aḍwā, 1405/1961.

al-Kulaynī, Abū Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ya`qūb (d. 328-941).

  • Uṣūl al-kāfī wa’l-rawḍa (1 vol. ed). Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī li’l-Maṭbū`āt, 1426/ 2005.

al-Kulaynī, Abū Ja`far Muhammad ibn Ya`qūb (d. 328-941).

  • al-Uṣūl min al-Kāfī (vols. 1-2). ed. `Alī Akbar Ghaffārī. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā, 1405/1985.
  • al-Uṣul min al-Kāfī, ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghaffārī, 8 vols., Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya, 3rd Edition, 1367Sh/ 1989.  This edition includes the al-Furū` min al-kāfī as vol. 4 etc.
  • Uṣūl al-kāfī wa’l-rawḍa (1 vol. ed). Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī li’l-Maṭbū`āt, 1426/2005.
  • al-Kāfī [al-Shaykh al-Kulaynī]. 5th ed. 8 vols. ed. `Alī Akbar al-Ghafārī.  Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islamiyya. 1363-1367 Sh. /1984-1988.
  • al-Uṣul min al-Kāfī (vols. 1-2). ed. `Alī Akbar Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā, 1405/1985.

Ibn Bābuwayh, Muhammad ibn `Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Qummī (d. Rayy, 381/991-2).

  • Man lā yaḥḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ 
  • Man lā yaḥḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ (1 vol. ed). Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lā li’l-Maṭbū`āt [= Allami Library], 1426/2005.
  • Man lā yaḥḍuru-hu al-faqīḥ 

Ibn Bābuwayh : Select Other Works

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  • `Uyūn akhbār al-Riḍā’, 2 vol.ed.  Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī li’l-Maṭbū`āt, 1404/1983.
  • Kamāl al-Dīn was tammām al-ni`ma (The Perfection of Religion and the Completion of the Favor) ADD trans. Sayyid Athar Husain S. H. Rizvi, `

al-Mufīd, Shaykh; Muhammad ibn Muhammad (d. 413/1022).

  • Kitāb al-Irshād. Beirut : Mu’assasat al-A`lami lil-Matbu`at, 1399/1979. .
  • Kitāb al-Irshād, The Book of Guidance into the Lives of the Twelve Imams. trans. I. K. A. Howard. London: The Muhammadi Trust, n.d.

al-Ṭūsī,  Abū Ja'far Muhammad Ibn al-Ḥasan (d. Najaf, 459/1067). 

ابوجعفر محمد بن حسن توسی‎

  • Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (`The Rectification of Judgements’, 1 vol. ed.). Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lā lil-Maṭbū`āt [= Allami Library] 1426/2005. 
  • Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (one vol. ed) Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lā lil-Maṭbū`āt [= Allami Library] 1426/2005.

  • Tahdbīb al-aḥkam, (1 vol. ed.) Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī li’l-Maṭbū`āt, 1426/2005.

  • (4) al‑Istibṣār.. al‑akhbār  (The Examination.. of the Reports) (5,000+ hadiths)  of Muhammad b. Ḥasan al‑Tūsī (d. 460/1067).

 

 

  • Kitāb al-Ghayba, Najaf: Maktabat al-Ṣādiq, 1965.

 

 

 

`Āmilī, Muhammad ibn al-Ḥasan, al-Ḥurr al- (d. 1104/1693).

  • Wasā’il al-shī`a ilā taḥṣīl masā’il al-shari`a. vol. III Kitāb al-ṣalāt.  Beirut: Dār Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, n.d.    

 

 

al-Kaf`amī, [al-`Āmilī], Shaykh Taqī al-Dīn ( d. 900/1494-5).

  • Al-Misbah. Beirut: Mu’assasa al-A`lamī, 1414/1994
  • Muhaj al-da`wāt (The Soul of the Supplications),
  • Balad al-amīn wa’l-dir` al-ḥaṣīn. Beirut: Mu`assasat al-A`lamī, 1418/1997.

 

 

al-Kāshānī, Muhammad Ibn Murtaḍā Muḥsīn Fayḍ (d. 1091/1680).

  • al Wāfī (The Comprehensive) of  al-Kāshānī, Muhammad Ibn Murtaḍā Muḥsīn Fayḍ (d. 1091/1680), a compilation with commentary on the "four books"

 

 

Majiisī, Muhammad-Bāqir (d. 1111/1699-1700).

Aside from the abovementioned repositories of Shī`ī tradition, the encyclopaedic Biḥar al‑anwār ...   (Oceans of Lights; 2nd ed.110 vols)  of Muhammad Bāqir Majlisī (d. 1111/1699‑1700) is a further very influential thematized collection of Shī`ī traditions.

Muhammad Bāqir Majlisī,

  • Bihar 2 = Biḥār al‑anwār  (2nd ed [= Biḥār  1st ed.  =15 vols. 1887‑98 ] Tehran) 110 vols. Beirut: Dār al‑Iḥyā al‑Turāth al‑`Arabī, 1376‑94/1956‑74 and 1403/1983. 

Bihar al-anwar (Oceans of Lights)

  • Biḥār al-anwār, 2nd ed. 110 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, 1376-94/1956-74 and 1403/1983.

Hayat al-Qulub

  • Hayat =  Hayāt al‑qulūb.  5 vols. Ed. Sayyid `Alī Imamiyān. Intishārāt Surūr, 1375‑6 Sh/ 1997‑8.

Miscellany

Encyclopedia of the Shī`a / Dā'irat al‑ma`ārif‑i  tashayyu.  ed. A. ṣadr, ḥajjī Sayyid Jawādī and Bahā' al‑Dīn Khurramshāhī, Tehran: Shaṭṭ Cultural and Charitable Trust, Vols. 1‑3,  1369/1991> (ongoing). 

al-Mufīd, Shaykh; Muhammad ibn Muhammad (d. 413/1022).

  • Kitāb al-Irshād. Beirut : Mu’assasat al-A`lami lil-Matbu`at, 1399/1979. .
  • Kitāb al-Irshād, The Book of Guidance into the Lives of the Twelve Imams. trans. I. K. A. Howard. London: The Muhammadi Trust, n.d.

Dehkhoda, `Alī Akbar Dehkhoda

Dehkhodā, `Alī Akbar (1879-1955) + Muḥammad Muʻīn and Jaʻfar Shahīdī.

  • Lughat‑nameh.  2nd ed. (Mohammad Mo’in + Ja`far Shahidi) 14 vols. rep. Tehran: Tehran University Publications, 1993‑4.
  • Muʼassasah-ʼi Lughatnāmah-ʼi Dihkhudā,14 vols. 2nd.ed.  Tehran: Tehran University Publications, 1377/ 1998-9),

Tehrānī, Āqā Buzurg,

  • Dhari`a = al‑Dharī`a ilā taṣānif al‑shī`a.  26 vols. Beirut: Dār al‑Aḍwā’, 1403/1983.