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The Bab and his citation of Islamic Literatures, Shi`i-Shaykhi and Others.

 

 

The Bab and his citation of Islamic Literatures, Shi`i-Shaykhi and Others.

Stephen Lambden, UC Merced

In Peogress and ubder revision and correction.

The Bab occasionally cited Islamic literatures in Arabic and/or Persian. He sometimes explicitly mentioned their their titles and sometimes also their author's names. Some texts are cited wirhour explicit reference, some are paraphrased. Most important in this respect, is the Arabic Qur'an which he cited, paraphrased and re-revealed or "rewrote" on numerous occasions. This within many of his writings, sometimes bearing the title Tafsir (Commentary) or Sharh (also "Commentary" in Persian or Arabic). Aside from the Qur'an he often cited traditions or hadith often deriving from the Prophet Muhammmad, one or more of the twelver Imams - from `Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 40/661) up till the twelfth Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (d.c. 260 or later/ around 874 or a few years later). He cited both poetry and prose texts and writings. 

The following list includes authors explicitly cited along with others very likely directly or indiorectly cited, paraphrased or variously drawn upon and interpreted. The post-19th century editions are obviously usually not explicitly cited as listed by the Bab/ This is work in Progress.....

 

 

Tafsir writings.

Muqātil b. Sulayman al- Khurasani (d. Basra, 150/767).

  • Tafsīr Muqātil b. Suklayman. Ed. `Abd-Allāh Maḥmūd Shahḥata . 4+1 vols. Cairo: 1979-1988.

Ḥasan al-`Askarī (11th Shiite Imam, d. 260/873-4)

  • Tafsīr al-`Askari [attributed to the 11th Imam Ḥasan] al-`Askarī.

al-Qummi, `Alī b. Ibrahīm al-Qummī (d.10th cent.).

  •  Tafsīr al-Qur’ān.

 `Abd al-Razzāq al-Kashānī (d. 1330?) attributed also to Ibn al-`Arabi

  • Tafsir al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. 2 Vols I. Edited by Mustafa Ghalib. Beirut: Dar al-Andalus, 1399/1978

al-Ṭabarsī (= al-Tabrīzī), Abū `Alī al-Faḍl ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ṭabrisī (d. 548 /1154).

  • Majma' al-bayān fī tafīr al-Qur'ān. 6 vols. Mat`ba`at Saydā' [Sidon, Lebanon]: Maṭba`at al-`Irfān, 1333-56/1914-37 
  •  Majma` al-Bayān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān. 5 vols. Qumm: Maktabah `Ayat-Allāh Uzmā al-Mar`ashī al-Najafī. 1403/ 1982

Kāshānī, Mullā Muḥsin Fayḍ (d. 1091/1680).

  •  Tafsīr al-ṣāfī. 5 Vols., ed. Shaykh Ḥusayn al-A`lam. Mashhad:
    Sa`āda n.d.
  • Ilm al-yaqīn fī uṣūl al-dīn. 2 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Balāgha, 1410/1990. 
  • Nawādir al-akhbār fīmā yata`allaq bi uṣūl al-dīn. Tehran. 1375 
    Sh./.1997.

 al-Ḥuwayzī, `Abd `Alī (d.1112/1700)

  • Thaqalayn = Kitāb Tafsīr nūr al-thaqalayn, Qumm: ADD., 1409/ 1988-9.

 

Hadith Compilations and related Writings.

 

al-Ju`fī, `Abu `Abd-Allāh al-Mufaḍḍal b. `Umar ( d. before 148/765).

  •  K-Tawhid = [ Imam Ja’far al-S*adiq ] K. al-Tawhīd [wa’l-ihlīlaja]. Cf. Biḥār 2
    III:152-198.

Kulaynī [Kulīnī], Abū Ja`far Muhammad (d. 329/941).

  • Kafi al-Uṣul min al-Kāfī (vols. 1-2). ed. A.A. Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā, 1405/1985. 
  • Furū` min al-Kāfī (vols. 3-7).ed. A.A. Ghafārī. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwā, al-      1405/1961.

al-Ṭūsī,  Abī Ja`far  Muhammad ibn al-Ḥasan = al-Shaykh al-Tā’ifa (d. 460/1067)

  • Tafsir = al-Tibyan fi al-tafsir al-Qur’an.
  • Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (The Rectification of Judgments). One vol. ed. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī l’l-Maṭbū`at, 1426/2005.
  • Al-Istibṣār  fī-mā  ikhtilaf  min al-akhbār (“The Clarification regarding that over which there are diffwerences respecting the Traditions” ). One vol. ed. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī l’l-Maṭbū`at, 1426/2005.

 

al-Kaf`amī [al-`Āmilī], Shaykh Taqī al-Dīn ( d. 900/1494-5).

  •  al-Miṣbaḥ. Beirut: Mu’assasa al-A`lamī, 1414/1994.

Ibn Bābūya [Bābawayh], Abū Ja`far Muhammad. b. `Alī, al-Ṣādūq (d.381/991)

  • Kamāl [Ikmāl] al-dīn wa tammam [itmam] al-ni`ma fī ithbāt al-gḥayra wa kashf al-ḥayra. Beirut: Mu`asasat al-A`lamī, 1412/1991.
  • K. al-tawhid. Beirut: Dār al-Ma`rifa. n.d.
  • K. al-`Ilāl al-sharā`i. Beirut: Mu`asasat al-A`lamī, 1408/1988.
  • (K.) al-Khiṣāl. Beirut: Mu`asasat al-A`lamī, 1410/1990.
  • Thawāb al-a`māl. Beirut: Mu`assat al-A`lamī. 1403/1983.
  • 'Uyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, [lith.,1899/1317] rep. Qumm, 1377; Najaf, 1390/1970.
  • Risāla fī’l-ghayba, IV [Qumm CDRom]).

al-Bursī, Rajab. al-Ḥāfiẓ (d. c. 814/1411),

  • Mashariq = Mashāriq anwār al-yaqīn fī asrār Amīr al-Mu'minīn. Beirut: Dār al-Andalus, 1978.
  • = Borsi] Les Orients des Lumires. (Henri Corbin), Verdier, 1994.

Muhammad Bāqir Majlisī (d. 1111/1699-1700).

  •  Biḥār al-anwār, 1st ed. in 5 vols. Tehran, 1887-1898.
  •  Bihar 2 Biḥār al-anwār (2nd ed.) 110 vols. Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-`Arabī, 1376-94/1956-74 and 1403/1983.
  •  Ḥayāt al-qulūb. 5 vols. ed. Sayyid `Alī Imamiyān. Intishārāt Surūr, 1375-6 Sh/ 1997-8.

Sufi Poetry and Mystical Writings.

 

Ibn Mansur al-Hallaj (           ),

 

Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā ( d.                   )

  • 1970 (ed. Nasr & Corbin ) Œuvres Philosophiques et Mystiques. Tome III. uvres en Persan. Tehran & Paris, 1970.
  • Hikmat = The Philosophy of Illumination. A New critical edition of of Ḥikmat al-Ishrāq with English translation, Notes, Commentary and Introduction.  John Walbridge and Hossein Ziai. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1999.
  • Hayakil = Hayakil al-Nūr. ed. Muhammad `Alī Abū Rayyān. Cairo: Grande Library Commerciale, 1377/1957.
  • 1999 The Philosophical Allegories and Mystical Treatises, (Persian+ English text) ed. & tr. W.M. Thackston. Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Pub. 1999.
  • Ishq = Fī ḥaqīqat al-`Ishq   (On the Reality of Love) text and tr. In Suhrawardi, 1999 (Treatise VI), 58-76.

Ibn al-`Arabī, Muḥyī al-Dīn (c. 638 /1240).

  •  Futuhat = al-Fuṭūḥāt al-Makkiyya. 4 Vols. Beirut: Dār Ṣadir n.d. [1968 = Cairo Ed.1911].
  • al-Fuṭūḥāt al-Makkiyya. Ed. O. Yaḥyā. Cairo: al-Hay`a al-Miṣriyya al-`Amma li’l-kitāb. 1972 (ongoing 14+ vols.), 1405/1985.
  • Les Illuminations = Les Illuminations de La Mecque. The Meccan
    Illuminations. al-Fuṭḥhât al-Makkiyya. Textes choisis / Selected Texts présentés et traduits de l'arabe en français ou en anglais sous la direction de Michel Chodkiewicz, avec la collabo- ration de William C. Chittick, Cyrille Chodkiewicz, Denis Gril et James W. Morris. Ouvrage publié avec le concours de The Rothko Chapel. Paris: Sindbad, 1988
  • Kitāb Inshā’ al-dawā’ir. `Ālam al-Fikr. n.d.
  • Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam. Ed. A. `Afifi. [Cairo] Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-`Arab, 1946.
  • Rasá'il Ibn al-`Arabí. Hyderabad-Deccan: Dairatu'l-Ma`arifi'l- Osmasnia, 1948
  • Rasā’il Ibn al-`Arabī. ed. Afifi. Rep. Beirut: Dār Iḥyā al-turuth al-`arabī. Nd.

 

al-Jīlī, `Abd al-Karīm ibn Ibrāhīm ( d. c. 832/1428).

  •  al-Insān al-kāmil fī ma`rifat al-awākhir wa'l-awā'il. 2 vols in 1.Cairo: Muatāfa al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī, 1375/1956.
  •  Qaṣīda al-nādirāt al-`ayniyya. Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1408/1988.

 

`Aṭṭār, Farīd al-Dīn (d. 627/1230).

  • Takhkirat al-awliyā’
  • tr. of Takhkirat al-awliyā’ by Arberry as, Muslim Saints and Mystics. London, and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1966[73].

 

Eschatology, Messianism and Apocalyptic

al-Nu`mānī, Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Ja`far (d. 360/970)

  • Kitāb al-Ghayba. Tabriz: Maktabat al-Sabirī, 1382/1963.
  • Kitab al-Ghayba, ed. Ali Akbar al-Ghifari, Tehran, 1397/XXXX..
  • Kitāb al-Ghayba, Beirut: A`lami., 1403
  •  

Isma'ili Miscellany

Sijistānī, Abū Ya`qūb Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad (d. after 361/971)

  • Ithbāt al-nubuwwa, ed. Arif Tamir. Beirut: al-Maṭba`a al-Kāthūlīkiyya, 1966.
  • K.Yanabi` = Kitāb al-yanābi`   in Corbin, H (ed), Trilogie Ismaelienne (Bibliotheque Iranienne Vol. 9 ., Tehran & Paris 1961
  •  Kitāb al-yanābi` in Corbin, H (ed), Trilogie Ismaelienne (Bibliotheque Iranienne Vol. 9), Tehran & Paris: A. Maisonneuvre, 1961

Safavid Era theologians and philosophers

Āmulī, Sayyid Ḥaydar (d. 787/1385)

  • Jami` al-asrar = Jāmi` al-asrār wa manba` al-anwār, in Corbin H. & Yahia O.La Philosophie Shi'ite. 1. Somme des doctrines ésotériques (Jâmi' alasrâr). (Bibliotheque Iranienne Vol. 16), [Rep.] Tehran: Shirkat-i Intishárát-i `Ilmí va Farhangi. 1368/1989.

Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, Muhammad ibn Ibrāhim al-Qawāmī al-Shīrazī, Mullā Ṣadrā (d. 1050 /1641 CE)

  •  al-Ḥikma al-muta`āliyya f'īl-asfār al-aqliyyat al-arba`a 9 Vols. (Ed. M. Riḍā’ al-Muzaffr) Qum: Maktabat al-Muawaf, 1378 AH / 1958-59 CE.
  •  `Arshiyya = Kitāb al-`Arshiyya. Beirut: Mu`assasat al-Tarikh al-`Arabi [= The Arabic History Est.] 1420/2000.
  •  The Wisdom of the Throne: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mullā Sadra. trans. James Winstron Morris. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981
  •  Al-Masha’ir = Kitab al-masha'ir (The Book of Metaphysical Penetrations), ed.,trans. and intro. by H. Corbin, Le livre des pénétrations métaphysiques, Paris:Départment d'Iranologie de l'Institut Franco-Iranien de Recherche, and Tehran: Librairie d'Amerique et d'Orient Adrien-Maisonneuve, Bibliothèque Iranienne vol. 10, 1964 + 1982.
  •  Kitāb al-mashā'ir. Beirut: Dar al-Ihya al-Turath al-`Arabi, 2000+2003.
  •  Kitāb al-mashā'ir.Beirut: Mu`assat al-Tarikh al-`Arabi [The Arabic History Est.], 1420/2000.373
  •  Sharḥ uṣūl al-kāfī. 3 vols. Intishārāt `Ilmī va Farhang.1370Sh./1992.
  •  al-Shawahid = al-Shawāhid al-rububiyyah fi manahij al-sulukiyyah, ed. by Sayyid Jalal al-Din Ashtiyani in 2 volumes together with Sabziwari’s commentary 2nd ed. Mashhad: Chapkhanih Daneshgah, 1360Sh. /1981
  •  Mafātīḥ al-ghayb lil-Ḥakim al-ilahi wa'l-Faylasuf al-Rabbani Ṣadr al-Dīn Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Shīrazī (Ṣadrā al-Muta'alihin)... 2 vols in 1, Beirut: Mu`assa al-Tarikh al-`Arabi, 3rd ed. 1424/2003.
  •  al-Mabda' wa'l-Ma`ād ("The Book of the Origin and the Return"), 2nd ed. Beirut: Dar al-Hādī, 1426/2005.

Ibn Isfandiyār, Kay Khusraw Fani Muhsin (d. c. XXX/1671-2)

  • Dabistān-i madhāhib. 2 vols. ed. Raḥīm Riḍā-zādIh Malik. Tehran: Kitābkhānah-yi Ṭahūrī, 1362/1983.
  •  Trans. by David Shea and Anthony Troyer as The Dabistan or School of Manners. Washington and London: Walter Dunne, 1901.

Miscellany - Early Qajar Era.

al-Ṭabaṭabā’ī, Sayyid Muḥammad Mahdī (= Baḥr al-`ulūm) (d. 1212/1797)

  • Rijāl al-Sayyid Baḥr al-`ulūm al-ma`rūf bi’l-fawā’id al-rijāliyya.  Najaf: Maktabat al-`Alamī  al-Ṭūsī wa’l-Baḥr al-`ulūm, n.d.

Early Missionary  and related Bible Translations into Persian and Arabic.

Henry Martyn

Wolff, Joseph (   -1862).

  • MJ = Missionary Journal and Memoir..  Rev & ed. John Bayford. New York:  E. Bliss & J. White, 1824  Vol.II-III.
  • RML = Researches and Missionary Labours among the Jews, Mohammedans and Other Sects. Philadelphia: Orin Rogers, 1837. 2nd ed. London:XXXX, 1835.

Pfander, Carl. G. (1803-1865)

  •  Mîzân-ul-Haqq (= Mizān al-ḥaqq) (The Balance of Truth): originally written in German at Shusha in 1829.
  •  1st Arabic ed. published (?) at Shusha in 1835 (?) and later Jerusalem in 1865 and elsewhere including, [Kitāb] Iẓhār al-ḥaqq. 1st Arabic ed. Constantinople [Istanbul], 1280/1867.
  •  Kitāb Mīzān al-ḥaqq (Arabic), Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus., 1888.
  • 1st Persian ed. published at Shusha in 1836; 2nd Persian ed. Calcutta. 1839.
  •  1st English trans. 1866/7 = Mizan Ul Haqq; or Balance of Truth ... London: Church Missionary House, trans. R. H. Weakley. London: Church Missionary House, 1867.
  •  Revised by William St Clair-Tisdall (1859-1928) in 19XX and published as •
  •  Miftáḥu’l-Asrár (= Miftāḥ al-asrār) (“The Key to the Mysteries”): composed in German at Shusha in 1837.
  •  1st Persian ed. Calcutta, 1839; Agra, 1850.
  • `Translated and thoroughly revised’ by William St Clair-Tisdall (1859-1928) and published in 1912 as : Miftáḥu’l-Asrár (`The Key of Mysteries’), A Treatise on the Doctrine of the Trinity in Unity by the late Rev. Dr. Pfander, CMS., translated and thoroughly revised by The Rev. W St. Clair Tisdall, M.A., D.D., C.M.S. The Christian Literature Society for India. London, Madras and Colombo, 1912.
  •  Tarîq-ul-Hyât (= Tarīq al-ḥayāt) (“The Path of Life”): composed in German at Shusha in 1837 this work presents the Christian doctrine of salvation as contrasted with the Islamic notion of sin and sinfulness.
  • • 1st Persian ed. Calcutta, 1840
  •  4th ed. English trans. as Tariq-ul-hayat. A treatise on sin and redemption, with especial reference to the false views entertained by the Muhammadans on these doctrines’. London: 1862.
  •  Revised by William St Clair-Tisdall (1859-1928) in 19XX and published as

Powell, A. A.

  • `Maulānā Rahmat Allāh Kairānawī and Muslim-Christian Controversy in India in the mid. 19th Century’ JRAS 1976/1, 42-63.
  •  1983 Contact and Controversy between Islam and Christianity in Northern India, 1833-1857: The Relations between Muslims and Protestant Missionaries in North-Western Provinces and Oudh. Ph.D Thesis, University of London, 1983.
  •  1993 Muslims and Missionaries in Pre-Mutiny India. Richmond: Curzon Press.

 

Naraqī, Aḥmad ibn Muhammad Mahdī (d. 1244/1828-9)

  •  Sayf al-ummah wa-burhān al-millah (The Sword of the Community and Vindication of the Religion). Lithographed Ed. Tabriz, 1850 and n. p. [Tehran?], 1331/1912-3.

Shaykhi Writings of the first two leaders +

Shakh Ahmad a-lAhsa'i  (d.1241/1826)

Rashtī, Sayyid Kāẓim (d.1259/1843).

  •  Dalil = Dalīl al-mutaḥayyirīn. 2nd ed. 3rd printing 1423/2002
  •  Ḥujjat al-bāligha ("The Climactic Proof"). URL = 370
  •  Risāla fī sharh wa tafsīr ism Allāh al-a`ẓam. School of Oriental and African Studies Library. Ms. Ar. 92308 fol. 271a-74a.
  •  Sharh al-qāṣida al-lāmiyya. Tabrīz. 1270/1853.
  •  Sharh du`a' al-simāt wa … Sharḥ ḥadīth al-qadr. Beirut: Mu`assat Fikr al-Awḥad, (Syria [Damascus] al-Sayyida Zaynab). 1423/ 2002.
  •  Sharḥ al-Khuṭba al-ṭutunjiyya [taṭanjiyya]. Tabriz, 1270/1853-4.
  •  Sharḥ al-khuṭba al-ṭutunjiyya, 3 vols. ed. Ḥajji Mīrzā `Abd al-Rasūl al-Ihqāqī, Kuwait: Jami`a al-Imam al-Ṣādiq 1421/2001
  •  Sharḥ āyāt al-Kursī. Mss. School of Oriental and African Studies Library. Ms. Ar. ADD.

Kirmānī, Hajjī Mīrzā Muhammad Karīm Khān (d. 1288/1871)

 Izhāq al-bāṭil dar radd al-Bābiyya ("The Crushing of Falsehood in refutation of Bābism").Completed 12th Rajab 1261/17th July 1845.
 Izhāq al-bāṭil dar radd al-Bābiyya. Kirmān: Maṭba`at al-Sa`āda, 1392/1972.
 Risāla-yi tīr-i shihāb dar... ("The Treatise of the Piercing Meteor..."). Kirmān,1386/1966-7 where it is found within the Shaykhī produced compilation

 

 

 

Tunukābunī, Muḥammad ibn Sulaymān (d.   /   )

  • Qiṣas al-`ulamā.  Tehran: Kitābfurūshī-i `Ilmiyyih-i Islāmiyyih, N.d.