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Baha'-Allah - The International Auxiliary Language and Script.



A Scriptural Tablet of Bahā'-Allāh  commenting on that verse of  his al-Kitab al-aqdas  (Most Holy Book) about the selection of an International Auxiliary Language and Script.

Stephen Lambden UCMerced.

Last updated 04-05-2017.

What follows is a slightly revised provisional translation of the abovementioned largely Persian Tablet of  Bahā'-Allāh  commenting upon  on that verse of  his al-Kitāb al-aqdas ("Most Holy Book", Per. Kitāb-i aqdas) concerning the selection of an international auxiliary language and script. The translation first appeared in BSB 4:3-4 (April 1990), 28ff. and has been revised since then. I am grateful to Farzin Foroughi for valuable suggestions in the course of making the original  translation.

Closing words in the Tablet of Baha'-Allah-Khadim-Allah to Aqa Mirza Aqa, Nur al-Din Afnan (INBMC 31:45).

The largely Persian text of the tablet translated below is printed in at least three volumes, [l] Ishraq Khavari's Ganj-i shayigan (BPT:Tehran 124 Badi`/1967-8), 210-213, [2] Nafahat-i quds  (New Delhi, n.d.) 5-8, and [3] Athar-i Qalam-i a`la vol VII No. 72. Additionally [4], the text can also be found as it is cited within a lengthy composite Tablet of Baha'-Allah/Khadim-Allah addressed to the Afnan Baha'i named Aqa Mirza Aqa or Aqa Mirza/Sayyid Aqa, entitled Nur al-Din (b. Shiraz 1869- d. Bushire 1929 ) within INBMC vol. 31 (pp. 22-45; see esp. pp. 26-28 - PDf. below) in the 1970s photocopy series of Babi-Baha'i sacred writings in ms., vol 31 which contains Tablets addressed to members of the Afnan family or relatives of the Bab (see INBMC 31 pages 22-45 or more precisely, pp. 26f) . It is clear from this ms. source that this Persian Tablet about a verse of the Kitab-i aqdas commenting upon the International Auxiliary Language and Script,  must have been written prior to 11th (or 2nd) Rabi` al-Awwal 1298 AH or  11th February, 1881. *

Persian text :

It is obvious that the tablet is to be dated after the time when the Kitab-i aqdas  was completed and before Bahā'-Allāh's passing; between c.1873 and 1892. Judging by the known dates of other tablets which contain similar material, it is most probably to be dated within the last few years of Bahā'-Allāh's life. As an untitled tablet, I am not aware of the identity of the persons addressed.

A Tablet of  Bahā'-Allāh  commenting upon that verse of the  al-Kitab al-aqdas Concerning the selection of an International Auxiliary Language and Script.
Rev. Prov. trans. Stephen N. Lambden, c. 2005.


[I] We revealed in the Most Holy Book,"O members of the parliaments throughout the world! Select ye a single language for the use of all on earth, and adopt ye likewise a common script. God, verily, maketh plain for you that which shall profit you and enable you to be independent of others. He, verily, of a truth, is the Most Bountiful, the All- Knowing, the All-Informed.' [Aqdas, para. 189] 

[2] This irrevocable decree hath been revealed from the immemorial dominion for the peoples of the world in general and for those in government (ahl al majlis) in particular [3] since the execution of the commandments, ordinances and precepts  revealed in the Book (al-kitab al-aqdas) has been entrusted to themen of the divine houses of justice  (rijal-i buyut-i `adliyya'-i ilāhiya). [4] This ordinance is the greatest means for the accomplishment of unity  and the supreme instrument for the establishment of social intercourse and loving fellowship between the peoples of different lands.


[1] It is evident that most people,  on account of the dispersion of the languages of the inhabitants of the world,are deprived of social intercourse, friendship  and the acquisition of knowledge and wisdom from one another. [2] It is thus the case, as a result of the Divine Bounty and Grace,  that all have been commanded to select a language - whether newly created or from among the existing languages of the earth - that everyone may converse therein. [3]When this comes to pass the whole earth will be seen as one city on account of the fact that all will comprehend the language of one another and understand their respective intentions. [4] This will be the cause of the promotion and the elevation of the world. Should a person emigrate from his native land  and arrive in any other city,  it would be as if he had arrived back in his own homeland.


[1]  Hold ye fast unto this directive [of the Kitāb-i aqdas],  O members of parliaments (ahl al-majālis) and civic authorities (al-mudun)! Should a person ponder a little upon this directive  he would readily come to understand that what has been revealed from the Heaven of the Divine Will is an expression of the Divine Bounty, the benefit of which encompasses all. [2] Yet, it is the case, that some servants suckle at the breast of negligence and ignorance in such manner that they transgress that which is beneficial, the excellence of which is both rationally and traditionally obvious and clear. [3] Such servants, with the hypocrisy of wayward souls, have, and will continue to veil their eyes from that wisdom which is the basis and the cause of the progress of the world and the elevation of its peoples. Wherefore, verily, are they in manifest loss.


[1] Every community speaks its own language;  the Turk, for example, in Turkish; the peoples of Iran, in Persian and the Arabs in Arabic. In addition, the people of Europe speak their own diverse languages. Such multifarious languages are traditional among, and specific to, these aforementioned communities. [2] Yet, a further language has now been decreed such that all the people of the world would converse therein; so that all will understand one another's language  and be capable of achieving their respective intentions. He, verily, is the Gate to love and kindness and to fellowship and unity. He, verily, is the Most-Great Translator [Interpreter] (tarjuman-i a`ẓam] and the very Key to the Ancient Treasury.


[1] How many the souls who are observed spending all their time  in the acquisition of different languages! [2] What a great pity that persons should spend an whole lifetime (the most-precious of worldly assets) in this manner. [3] The purpose of such an individual in these endeavors is the acquisition of the knowledge of different languages so that he might understand the intention of other peoples  and what lies within their domain. [4] Now if mankind would carry out what has been commanded of them, it would suffice all alike since they would free themselves from numerous impediments [causing separation].


[1] That proposition which is especially beloved, when presented before the Heavenly Throne, is that all should converse in the Arabic language. This, inasmuch as it is the most comprehensive of all languages (absat az kull al-lughat). [2] If a person were to become truly aware of the comprehensiveness  and the broad scope of this most eloquent language, they would assuredly select it [over other languages as an international language of the future]. [3] The Persian language is extremely sweet. The tongue of God in this dispensation has revealed in both Arabic and Persian. [4] Persian, however, does not, and will never have, the magnitude of Arabic. [5] Indeed, relative to it, all languages have been, and will remain, circumscribed.


[1] This is the most-gracious state of affairs which has been mentioned. [2] The purpose however, is that the people of the earth should select a single language and that all  humanity converse therein. [3] This is that which hath been ordained by God and is that which will benefit all mankind if they did but know. [4] Likewise, in place of the particular scripts of diverse peoples, a single script should be adopted and all mankind write therein. [5] Thus will all scripts ultimately be seen as a single script and all languages a single language.


[1] These commandments will jointly be the cause of the oneness of the hearts and the souls of the peoples of the world.  He teaches you that which is best for you.  Take  firm hold thereof, for He assuredly, is the Exhorter, the Counselor, the Expounder, the Director, the Gracious , the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. [2] All languages and scripts will ultimately become one  and the diverse territories of the earth be seen as a single clime.  [3] Otherwise, therein you shall see moral obliquity,  as opposed to peaceful tranquility. 



* I am gratefulto Markus Liebscher for providing me some of the refs. contained in the opening paragraphs.